Primary School Years
- More than 80 % of the 4 % of GDP allocated for education covers salaries and allowances, which leaves very little for curriculum reform or in-service development.
- Domestic or gender-based violence and violence against children in schools are not uncommon in BiH. In a 2009 survey, that covered 10 schools, 65% of the 910 children surveyed stated that physical violence is present in their schools.
- The results of TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) research conducted in 2007 in 60 countries reinforced the need of qualityeducation standards in BiH to monitor process and curricula; measure and test students’ progress and teachers competencies; and compare performance among students and schools at different levels in country and internationally.
- Segregation in education still exists. In April 2010, the Conference of the Ministers of Education concluded that it was important for MoE to re-define the term “two Schools Under One Roof” and to investigate all forms of discrimination and segregation in the education process in their respective areas of responsibilities. There are still “divided schools” in BiH, with marginalized groups and national minorities being deprived of their right to quality education. Despite a recommendation from the Council of Ministers that all forms of disicrimination should be addressed, there is a general lack of sensitivity amongst students and teachers to discrimination in schools, especially in areas where the majority population belongs to a single ethnic group.