Child sexual abuse
Protecting children from sexual abuse
Articles 19 and 34 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child highlight the need for states signatories, to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and violence. States parties are required to take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse.
Burkina Faso has made continuous progress since two World Congresses on sexual exploitation of the child in Stockholm in 1996 and Yokohama in 2001). The country carried out a study on sexual violence against children in 2001 and has participated in various international meetings on violence. An experimental project on the treatment of children subjected to violence was launched. UNICEF helped the government to design a national plan of action aimed at ensuring adequate protection and rehabilitation for children who have been victims of sexual abuse.
Victim rehabilitation includes medical care, family counseling, psychological treatment, and legal and financial help, depending on the case. Every year in Bobo Dioulasso and Ouagadougou around 400 children, (82% girls and 18% boys) benefit from this kind of care, thanks to “Association Solidarité Jeunes”, a UNICEF-supported NGO. Awareness of the dangers and consequences of sexual violence have risen in communities, among opinion leaders and those heading community-based organizations.