Primary school years
Serious hindrances to education for children 6-13
In terms of education, the situation of children aged 6-13 is basically the same as the overall state of other children in Burkina Faso. School enrolment rates are low, and for those lucky enough to attend there is a problem of poor performance, attributable to poverty and lack of information in the areas of health and hygiene.
One out of every three school aged children does not attend school. Among this group, about 55.80%of girls do not attend school (source : Statistiques de l’Education de base 2005-2006). This is due in part to the rampant poverty in the country, particularly in rural areas. Most parents cannot afford to send their children to school. In addition, many are still unconvinced of the value of schooling.
Some traditional practices also bar children from school, particularly girls. Between 1986 and 2004 52,000 children under 15 underwent forced or early marriage, taking them out of the school system.
Other factors prevent access to an education. In 2006, 17,000 children aged 0-14 were living with HIV/AIDS in Burkina Faso, while 120,000 children aged 0-17 had been orphaned by the disease. Overall, 830,000 child orphans were recorded during the same survey, putting serious obstacles in the way of their formal schooling. Orphans of immigrants are particularly vulnerable as they lack the usual family protective network.
Malnutrition and vitamins deficiency as well as vulnerability to waterborne diseases also affect children aged 6-13 and interrupt their schooling.