In the struggle faced by many families in Bangladesh to survive poverty, children often become victims of exploitation through child labour, early marriage and, in many cases, child prostitution. If they come before the courts they are likely to be tried according to adult laws rather than child laws.
Birth registration is a key factor in child protection. This makes it possible to establish children's ages, to protect their rights and to implement plans to ensure that they receive the education and health care, such as regular immunizations, that they need.
The other crucial element in child protection is giving communities information, education and training in children's rights and the means to ensure that young people do not become the victims of discrimination or exploitation.
Girl children and adolescents face specific risks of sexual abuse and exploitation, and in Bangladesh there is a particular challenge to protect women from acid-throwing.