The State of the World’s Children 2012 Report
The 2012 State of the World’s Children Report focuses on urban children. It points out that children are not necessarily better off living in the cities rather than rural areas: broad national figures often hide great disparities among children – 1 in 3 urban dwellers already live in slum conditions says the report. A significant number may live near hospitals but they and their parents or caregivers cannot access them. From Ghana and Kenya and Bangladesh and India, children living in slums are among the least likely to attend school. And whereas traditionally, families migrated to the cities in search of better economic prospects, increasingly children are actually being born into existing harsh urban slum conditions, and are vulnerable to exploitative labour or resources such as clean piped water. Nearly half of the world’s population, including over a billion children, live in cities and towns, more than at any other time in human history. The SOWC report urges policymakers to take note.