Both the ARI and CDD programmes were expanded to become nationwide by the end of 1995. UNICEF also supported a nationwide Oral Rehydration Therapy Communication Campaign (ORTCC) from 1996-1999 and Local Level Initiatives to promote improved care-seeking practices for ARI in 2001-2002. Caregivers’ knowledge on the three golden rules of ORT increased from 5 per cent in 1996 to 49.2 per cent in 2000.
The reported ARI patients who received care from trained providers and hospitals almost doubled between 2000 and 2001.
Deaths of under-fives due to diarrhoea were reduced from 260,000 in 1995 to approximately 45,000 in 2003. Death due to pneumonia fell from 150,000 in 1991 to 95,000 in 2003.
The implementation of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) started in 2001 with pilots in three sub-districts.