The children

Birth

Early Years

Primary school years

Adolescents

Child Rights

 

Disease

children-little-girl-vaccination
© UNICEF Bangladesh/2006/Noorani
A pre-school girl is vaccinated during the measles catch-up campaign phase two in Chittagong division.

Failure to seek treatment
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the leading cause of child illness and death in Bangladesh. Yet when children show symptoms of pneumonia, only 37 per cent taken to a health care provider. Unfortunately, children of uneducated mothers, those from very poor families and those living in remote rural areas are even less likely to receive treatment.

Sanitation and water
Diarrhoea is also a serious problem for the youngest children of Bangladesh. Poor water and sanitation facilities contribute to the spread of diarrhoea and ARIs. Many parents fail to wash their hands before preparing food, and after defecating or cleaning their babies, thus spreading disease to their children. 

Read about UNICEF and Water, hygiene and sanitation.

Oral rehydration therapy
Treatment of diarrhoea with oral rehydraton solution – a mixture of salt, sugar and water in correct proportions – saves lives every day in Bangladesh. Over half of children suffering from diarrhoea-induced dehydration receive oral rehydration therapy and increased fluids. 

Immunization rates
Most children are protected from preventable disease through high immunization coverage, with 84 per cent of children aged 1-2 fully vaccinated.  However, access to medical support services in the most remote regions of Bangladesh is limited; so families continue to drop out of immunization programmes after a child’s first set of vaccinations, leaving them unprotected.Most children are protected from preventable disease through high immunization coverage, with 84 per cent of children aged 1-2 fully vaccinated.  However, access to medical support services in the most remote regions of Bangladesh is limited; so families continue to drop out of immunization programmes after a child’s first set of vaccinations, leaving them unprotected.

Outbreaks of disease
After several polio-free years, one polio case was confirmed in Bangladesh in 2006. Following renewed polio drives, no further cases have been reported, though neighbouring India continues to suffer regular outbreaks. Avian influenza is a new threat to children, with one confirmed human case in 2008.

Read about UNICEF’s child survival programme.

 

 

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