Children by the numbers

UNICEF in Azerbaijan

UNICEF past achievements


Children by the numbers

The situation of children in Azerbaijan has improved considerably in recent years. One of the reasons for this progress has been the country’s economic growth which contributed to a sharp drop in poverty rates. While in 2001 almost half of the population (49.6%) lived below the poverty line, only one in twenty people (5%), and even less children, lived in poverty in 2013. As a result, today, more children have better opportunities to realise their rights.  

Some good examples of important improvements regarding the situation of children and child rights in Azerbaijan are the facts that more children and mothers survive after birth and less children are deprived of family care and placed in institutions. In addition, more children are receiving financial benefits that help them to escape poverty and access services. 

Quarter of a million young children (two in five) are anaemic 

There are also major problems with nutrition of children – as evidenced in a very high level of anaemia and stunting (height for age). Both of these affect children’s mental development and physical robustness to diseases.

One in four children is stunted

There are various causes for these problems, but we will be working both to fortify flour, and also to help parents (especially mothers) increase the nutrition their children receive (starting with breast-feeding).

About 10,000 children are in state run institutions

There are many issues for Child Protection. One of the most pressing issues that UNICEF has been working on for a while is the number of children who are in institutions. We term them “social orphans” because people think the institutions are orphanages, but in fact most of the children have one or two parents. We are working with Government to put in place community based services to support children and their families so that large-scale institutions will not be necessary

Around 400 juveniles in conflict with the law are registered each year in Azerbaijan

We are also working with the Government to put in place a system of justice for children to help not only children who are in conflict with the law (helping them to reform), but also victims and/or witnesses of crime, so they are not traumatized further by the interaction with police and court system. A new law on Juvenile Justice should be passed in the next session of Parliament.

Over one third of women under fifty was married as a child

One area which is of increasing concern is “child marriages” i.e. marriage of a person under the age of 18 – sometimes only 13 or 14. This is dangerous for the child (her health, her social life, her education) and for children she might bear (it is much more likely to have miscarriages and child deaths in that age group).

Only 1/4 children with disabilities is currently receiving any kind of education

One of the cross-cutting themes in our programme is the problems faced by children living with disabilities. We are working to reduce their stigma (which is very strong), to increase their enrolment in school, and to help the health system improve early detection and prevention of conditions that can lead to disability.

Breaking down barriers between young people

We are also working with young people to remove stigma and barriers between – for example – fully abled and disabled, IDPs and host communities, rich and poor. It is young people who can change the attitudes of the future, and who are most open to listen to different views and ideas.





Key Statistics

GDP per capita – US$3,474
Population below poverty line (2006) - 16%
Total population (2007) – 8,629,900
Number of children (2007) - 30%
Under-five mortality (2001-2005) – 50 per 1,000 live births
Infant mortality (2001-2005) – 43 per 1,000 live births
Maternal mortality (2007) – 36 per 100,000 live births
Stunting among children under five (2006) - 25%
Exclusive breastfeeding rate (2006) - 12%
Households consuming adequately iodised salt (2006) – 54%
Children aged 6-59 months with anaemia (2006) – 39%
Women aged 15-49 years with anaemia (2006) - 37%
HIV rate -
Young people aged 15-24 with comprehensive knowledge about AIDS (2006) – 5%
Men aged 15-49 who have heard of AIDS and express an accepting attitude towards people living with AIDS (2006) - 1%
Net primary school enrolment (2006) – 97%
Net secondary school enrolment (2006) – 97%
Child protection
Number of children in institutions (2007) – 17,000
Number of disabled children (2006) –  48,500
Number of refugees/IDPs – 1 million


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