and other affected populations in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt
From January to December 2013, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children are reached with supplementary vaccination campaigns
emergency affected populations in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq are provided with access to safe water
children in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey have access to psychosocial support services
school-aged children in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey have access to school or learning programmes
2013 requirements (US$)
Update of humanitarian situation
updated July 2013
Covering the period 1 January through 31 December, which corresponds to the United Nations Syria Regional Response Plan 5
Two years of violence and protracted armed conflict have wrought devastation on Syria’s children and families. Since December 2012, an additional one million Syrian children and their families have fled the violence and destruction in Syria, resulting in some 1.8 million refugees seeking refuge in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.1 The UN estimates that there could be over 5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in the region by the end of December 2013, including 3.45 million2 refugees.
More than half the refugees fleeing Syria are children, who have borne witness to acts of violence that threaten to rob them of their childhood. Many children have been killed, some have been detained and many have endured inhumane conditions.3 They have had the right to safe education and the potential to grow, learn and develop denied them for over two years. Many children suffer shortages of water, sanitation facilities and adequate health care.4 Those who have fled to relative safety in the surrounding countries find themselves vulnerable to additional risk factors: crowded and unsanitary camp conditions, hostility from host communities, child labor and sexual exploitation.5
The impact of the refugee crisis on Syria’s neighbours cannot be under-estimated. In Jordan, 132,000 refugees have been registered in Za’atari camp since its opening in July 2012.6 A further 354,000 Syrian refugees live in urban settings. Another 600,000 Syrians have fled into Lebanon in 1,400 locations across the country.7 Like Jordan, the refugee caseload is projected to reach over 1 million by the end of 2013, which would equate to one quarter of Lebanon’s total population.
Turkey continues to provide temporary protection and basic services to almost 393,000 registered Syrian refugees living in 20 camps across 10 provinces or in host communities and with relatives. Growing numbers of Syrians also continue to seek refuge in Iraq and Egypt. In Iraq, of the161,140 refugees registered, almost 96 per cent have settled in the Kurdistan region. While 40 per cent of refugees live in camps, the majority reside in Iraqi communities. In Egypt, the total number of registered refugees exceeds 2,000.8
The impact of the crisis continues to have serious regional impacts, not least for the five countries hosting the refugees. In many contexts, well-established civil society groups have provided support networks, yet their capacity is limited as numbers increase. The needs are outstripping the capacity to respond, testing the resources of the displaced and host communities. Water scarcity, the fiscal and economic crisis and high levels of unemployment pre-crisis continue to put pressure upon children, families, communities and countries that are already facing some significant challenges. Addressing the issues in host communities will be critical for equity and stability purposes and potentially more difficult than addressing the needs of those who are in refugee facilities.
Under the auspices of the revised Regional Response Plan 5, UNICEF’s initial priority is to provide safe water, adequate sanitation, and vaccinations to protect children against the imminent risk of disease. Other critical priorities are to help children catch up on schooling they have lost for up to two years, and to provide necessary psychosocial support.
Adjusted planned results for 2013
2013 adjusted programme targets
- 800,000 children reached with measles vaccination
- 109,000 children aged 6–59 months reached with micronutrient supplementation
- 181,000 people provided with access to safe water
- 81,500 children have access to psychosocial support services
- 133,515 school-aged children have access to school or learning programmes.
- 500,000 children under 15* provided with essential vaccines (e.g., measles, polio) and vitamin A supplementation.
- 280,000 people provided with access to drinking and domestic water
- 179,280 children have access to psychosocial support services
- 120,000 school-aged children have access to school or learning programmes
- 24,938 children under 15* provided with essential vaccines (e.g., measles, polio) and vitamin A supplementation.
- 63,888 children and women equitably access essential health services
- 73,744 refugees provided with access to safe water
- 25,816 children have access to psychosocial support services
- 14,760 school-aged and adolescent children have access to school or learning programmes
- 260,100 children have access to psychosocial support services
- 382,500 school-aged children have access to school or learning programmes
*Children under 15 can be immunized against measles, especially if there is indication that they could have been missed during previous routine immunization campaigns.
To respond to the needs of refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, UNICEF will continue to scale up support throughout 2013 to reach refugee populations as well as vulnerable populations affected by the crisis. Throughout the region the focus remains on providing children with continued access to school and psychosocial care, in addition to health and nutrition services, with the priority over the coming summer months being water, sanitation and hygiene interventions to prevent disease and malnutrition. In 2013, UNICEF’s support across the region on access to clean water for vulnerable populations will target close to 800,000 people. In Jordan, in addition to more people gaining access to safe water in 2013, 230,000 people will be supported with appropriately designed toilets and sanitation services. Some 880,000 children, including Syrian refugee children and Palestinian children will receive life-saving vaccinations in Lebanon during 2013. More than 600,000 children will be targeted for learning programmes and close to 390,000 children will benefit from psychosocial support through schools and child friendly spaces in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt.
Results for 2013
In the first six months of 2013, UNICEF, with government and other partners, has assisted more than 900,000 children across the sub-region with health, education, WASH and child protection initiatives, helping restore a sense of normalcy for the refugees. More than 749,960 children were immunized against measles, the majority being refugee children in Lebanon and Jordan. More than 222,657 people benefitted from access to drinking and domestic water in both camp and host communities, including more than 172,884 people in Jordan where UNICEF continues to provide essential and sustainable access to safe, water and sanitation, and hygiene services in both camps and host communities. About 105,276 children benefitted from psychosocial support, including Syrian children and Palestinian refugee children who fled Syria. With an aim to provide uninterrupted education, 117,926 children in the sub-region were enrolled in the first five months of 2013 in learning programmes and continue to benefit, including refugee and host community children.
UNICEF’s January to December 2013 targets presented in this document reflect planning adjustments made in light of a deteriorating humanitarian context. Funding requirements have increased as part of the June inter-agency revision of the Syria Regional Response Plan (RRP).
UNICEF funding requirements for 2013
UNICEF’s requirements in the sub-region are aligned with the United Nations Syria Regional Response Plan 5 (RRP5). UNICEF gratefully acknowledges the contributions of donor partners to date, which provided strong support for RRP4. Yet the RRP4 planned for coverage of up to 1.1 million refugees, which has already been surpassed and projected to swell to 3.45 million by the end of 2013. An additional 1.88 million people in need of humanitarian assistance are also included in RRP5. The revised funding requirements to meet these increased needs amount to US$360,192,407 for UNICEF in all five countries and UNICEF’s regional office.
In order to address the humanitarian needs of some 1.8 million affected refugees – more than half of whom are children – and a projected 3.45 million refugees by the year’s end, as well as the vulnerable populations included in the revised appeal, UNICEF requires flexible and early support, to respond immediately and according to the evolving situation in each country.
All figures in US$
* per initial 2013 RRP; original HAC 2013 requirements totalled US$140,700,000
** Total amount includes US$271,370 being allocated by Lebanon, US$1,900,000 being allocated by Iraq, and US$3,740,770 being allocated to countries by the regional office
* Total received includes US$3,740,770 being allocated to countries by the Regional Office.
Figures may not add up to the total value owing to rounding.
1 UNHCR, 16 July 2013.
3 Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, 4 June 2013.
4 Humanitarian Needs Overview, OCHA, April 2013.
5 Humanitarian Needs Overview, OCHA, April 2013.
6 UNHCR, 16 July 2013.
7 UNHCR, 16 July 2013.
8 UNHCR, 16 July 2013.