Syrian Arab Republic
From January to June 2013, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children reached with supplementary vaccination campaigns
people provided with water treatment supplies to address drinking, cooking and personal hygiene needs
school children receive essential education materials
2013 requirements (US$)
Updated March 2013
Covering the period 1 January through 30 June 2013, which corresponds to the United Nations Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan 3
March 2013 will mark the start of a third year of conflict in Syria. An estimated four million people are affected of which more than half are children. Approximately 70,000 people have died since a popular uprising that began in March 2011 developed into an armed conflict between Government forces and various opposition groups, including the Free Syrian Army. Throughout the entire country, people are directly or indirectly affected with Aleppo, rural Damascus, Deir Az Zor, Homs, Idlib and Ar-Raqqa the most significantly impacted of the 14 governorates. Vulnerabilities are likely to increase beyond 2013 as violence and the destruction of essential infrastructures have left more than two million persons, including more than 920,000 children, internally displaced and lacking basic social services. Additionally, the number of Syrians seeking refuge in neighbouring countries reached more than one million1 (registered and pending registration) in early March 2013.
Children make up about half of the affected population with 1,840,000 under 18 years old including more than half a million under five in Syria. They continue to suffer the most as traditional protective environments such as homes and schools have been destroyed or severely damaged. Children are exposed to increasing levels of violence and human rights violations including the use of children in conflict and sexual violence. School attendance rates and quality of education has significantly declined, with girls believed to be particularly impacted. In conflict affected areas, residents have only one-third the water supplies of pre-crisis levels. More than half of the county’s hospitals have been damaged or destroyed as well. The lack of clean water and inadequate shelter, deteriorating food security, limited health services including reduced access to immunization for children, has left children and women vulnerable to disease, malnutrition and protection risks.
Results in 2012
2013 Programme Targets
- 736,000 children and women provided access to essential health services with sustained coverage of preventive and curative measures
- Conduct measles immunisation campaign for 3 million children in mid-April, as well as Vitamin A supplementation, with particular focus on hard to reach areas.
268,000 IDP children reached with micronutrient supplementation
Targeted intervention for nearly 26,000 children under 5 affected by moderate acute malnutrition (9.7 per cent of 268,000 IDP children) and 6,150 children under 5 affected by severe acute malnutrition (2.3 per cent of 268,000 IDP children), adding up to 32,150 affected by global acute malnutrition*
200,000 lactating mothers provided with micronutrientsupplementation and education on child feeding (5 per cent of the affected population)
- 500,000 emergency-affected people provided with access to safe water through water trucking, rehabilitation and maintenance of water systems
- 10,000,000 provided with access to safe water through chlorination of water systems for three months
- 500,000 provided with access to appropriate sanitation services
- 500,000 provided with access to soap and other hygiene items
- 750,000 reached by different messages on improved safe water handling and sanitation and hygiene practices
- 50,000 schoolchildren in emergency-affected zones provided with access to safe water, sanitation services and hygiene practices
Child protection and youth
- 300,000 refugee and vulnerable children, adolescents and mothers receive community-based primary health care, psychosocial support (PSS) and protection services.
- 30,000 youth and adolescents, including IDPs and refugees (Iraqis and Palestinians), trained on PSS, Psychological First Aid (PFA), first aid and resilience.
- 500,000 children made aware of the risk of mines, unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war.
- 1,000,000 school-aged children receive essential education materials
- 150,000 school aged children benefit from remedial education and recreational activities in improved learning environment.
- 200,000 children have access to PSS through schools and kindergartens.
*Following assessments, target beneficiaries and budget requirements for nutrition will be adjusted.
In 2012, despite major challenges, including access constraints, underfunded requirements and the overstretched capacity of available partners, UNICEF reached over 1.8 million children and women in Syria. Working with over 40 partners (directly and indirectly), UNICEF delivered across all 14 governorates to provide urgent life-saving support, including cross-line. In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health, UNICEF successfully reached 1.5 million children with polio vaccination out of which 1.3 million were also vaccinated against measles with Vitamin A supplementation. About 30 per cent of these children were reached in cross-line areas. Furthermore, 163,808 children were provided with life-saving immunizations through continued support to health facilities and Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) services. Through mobile clinics only, UNICEF reached 15,120 children and women while an additional 421,000 benefitted from access to essential health services through maintenance support, including supplies, to health facilities. Almost 12,000 people were provided with sustainable access to safe water through rehabilitation and maintenance of water systems and more than 232,000 emergency-affected people received hygiene items such as family and baby hygiene kits and soap. Close to 32,000 children in 2012 received psychosocial support on a monthly basis and 23,000 schoolaged children had access to psychosocial support through education programmes. More than 23,000 school-aged children in affected areas were enrolled in schools or learning programmes.
Results in 2013
UNICEF is scaling up its response, expanding operations and focusing on cross-line areas through various interventions. A second campaign, starting in mid-April 2013, will immunize three million children under five across Syria against measles and polio complemented with Vitamin A supplementation. Into 2013, more than 421,000 women and children continue to benefit from access to essential health services. Scale-up plans include expanding the number of mobile health units from 8 to 47 to reach additional children across 12 governorates in 2013. Since January 2013, UNICEF scaled-up its cross-line humanitarian response across Syria and dispatched essential supplies for 175,000 people in Aleppo, Deir Az Zor, Homs, Quneitra, Lattakia, Dara’a, Hassakeh, Hama, A’tmeh, and Idlib with blankets, quilts, family and baby hygiene kits, children’s clothes, high energy biscuits, plastic mats and tarpaulins. To date, UNICEF has provided sustainable access to safe water to more than 41,000 people through water tankering and the rehabilitation and maintenance of water systems complemented by sanitation and hygiene support, including in schools and health facilities. This includes an additional 29,000 people in 2013. In an effort to prevent and limit the transmission of water-borne diseases, UNICEF is working with partners in supporting water chlorination efforts which are ensuring more than four million people in Aleppo, Homs, Idlib, Damascus city, Ar-Raqqa, Deir Az Zor, Lattakia, Tartus and Hama have access to safe water, with an aim to reach 10 million beneficiaries for three months in all governorates. UNICEF has provided an additional 100,000 emergency affected people with hygiene items in 2013. Access to psychosocial support is being scaled up through child-friendly spaces, school clubs and remedial classes as well as mobile clinics. To date, 32,000 children continue benefiting from access to psychosocial support services on a monthly basis. In addition, 53,000 children gained access to psychosocial support through education programmes in 2013, plus 23,000 children already enrolled from 2012. Education support continues to be provided through school clubs to about 75,000 school-aged children in affected areas, of which 52,000 were enrolled in 2013. The winter months, from November to March, continue to be especially difficult for children as they are at heightened risk of acute respiratory infections and influenza given overcrowded living and hygiene conditions and lack of electricity in some areas. UNICEF’s winterization programme continues to prioritize vulnerable and displaced children and family members, reaching about 300,000 people since 2012 with blankets and quilts, family and baby hygiene kits, food baskets and other essential items. Given the deteriorating food security and indications of nutritional vulnerability among children arriving in camps, UNICEF will be providing more than 268,000 IDP children with micronutrient supplementation to prevent moderate and severe acute malnutrition. UNICEF’s January to June 2013 targets presented in this document reflect planning adjustments made in light of the fast changing context to address the increasing humanitarian needs. Funding requirements will be increased as part of the upcoming inter-agency revision of the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP).
UNICEF funding requirements for 2013
Based on the inter-agency Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP) led by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), UNICEF requests US$68,440,000 to meet the needs of children in Syria during the first six months of 2013. As of 6 March, these requirements are 22 per cent funded (US$14,920,000). Against the funding appeal made in 2012 for SHARP2 (September–December 2012), UNICEF received approximately US$17,800,000 (40.5 per cent) as of mid-December 2012 against the total US$44,090,000 requested.
UNICEF is the provider of last resort for humanitarian response, particularly in WASH, education and nutrition, and co-leads the child protection sector. Funding received to date, for which UNICEF extends it gratitude to donor partners, has provided over 1.8 million women and children in Syria with support across all sectors. However, without immediate and flexible funding, UNICEF will be unable to provide life-saving support to millions of people adversely impacted by the crisis. In addition, given the slow resolution of the conflict and the likelihood of further violence, additional children may be at risk. Any need to scale up further will be extremely challenging.1 UNHCR, 6 March 2013
2 Immunisation targets children in Syria, with a target of reaching 50% of children across the country using a campaign approach. Reporting on children
vaccinated is based on administrative data (WHO/MoH) at governorate level, with reporting to be potentially delayed due to communication difficulties.
3 The 2013 targets include children under five in Syria.
4 UNICEF support to children provided with primary health care through mobile medical teams in 2012. Support expanded in 2013 to include access to health
services through health facilities.
5 Activity with a particular focus on displaced children (representing 50% of total children)
6 Capturing distributions of various hygiene items including family and baby hygiene kits, soap and other distributions.
7 This indicator is valid for the ongoing remedial classes at the schools clubs. As a continuing activity, 2013 results represent additional coverage to ongoing 2012
8 Psychosocial support is given as part of the school club activities by teacher and/or school counselors. As a continuing activity, 2013 results represent additional
coverage to ongoing 2012 achieved coverage.