UNICEF is requesting US$116.9 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Sudan.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
boys and girls receiving psychosocial support
conflict-affected people have access to primary health care services
children 6-59 months affected by Severe Acute Malnutrition admitted to treatment
2015 Requirements: US$116,921,577
Total affected population: 7 million
Total affected children: 4.2 million
Total people to be reached in 2015: 4.4 million
Total children to be reached in 2015: 2.6 million
Protracted and acute conflicts, recurring natural disasters and chronic underdevelopment in Sudan will continue to affect the lives of approximately 4.2 million children in 2015, contributing to what is one of the worst crises for children in the world today. It is projected that the total number of people in need in 2015 will rise to over 7 million, from 6.1 million at the beginning of 20141. The armed conflict in Darfur has now lasted over a decade with the fighting in 2014 leading to more displacements than have been recorded in any single year since the conflict began in 20032.
The ongoing violence in Darfur, the Kordofan States, Blue Nile and Abyei has forced over 3.1 million people to flee their homes3. This prevented access to basic services such as health and education, as well as increased vulnerability to malnutrition and disease, with 1.2 million children under five suffering from acute malnutrition. Global acute malnutrition (GAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) levels remain above emergency thresholds countrywide. UNICEF and partners will continue to respond to the needs of some 126,000 South Sudanese refugees fleeing the conflict in South Sudan since 15 December 2013, while planning for an additional 70,000 new refugees from South Sudan in 20154. More than 70 per cent of the South Sudanese refugees in the camps are children.
UNICEF continues to advocate for increased access to areas that are inaccessible to humanitarian actors – areas that have been inaccessible for multiple years. In Jebel Marra (Darfur), UNICEF this year succeeded in delivering core WASH supplies after two years of inaccessibility. In the Nuba Mountains and other rebel-held areas in Blue Nile State and South Kordofan, UNICEF is ready to implement a polio vaccination campaign, and continues to negotiate with all sides for access. The acute humanitarian challenges for children are likely to increase in 2015. Malnutrition is chronic and will take a generation and massive investment in all social sectors for the negative trend to reverse. Peace negotiations for Darfur and the two Protocol Areas remain inconclusive, and efforts towards a national dialogue also remain strained.
2015 Programme Targets
- 139,430 boys and girls receiving psychosocial support
- 2,200 separated and unaccompanied children receiving long term alternative care arrangements
- 115,000 school-aged girls and boys accessing safe learning spaces
- 310,000 children receive education in emergencies and recreational materials
- 465,519 girls and boys under 1 year receive first dose of measles vaccine
- 1,859,300 conflict-affected people have access to primary health care services
- 250,000 children 6-59 months affected by Severe Acute Malnutrition admitted to treatment
- 300,000 caregivers receiving IYCF counselling
- 1,160,000 affected people with access to improved drinking water
- 620,000 affected people with access to safe means of excreta disposal
- 1,560,000 affected people reached with hygiene messages and sensitisation activities
In 2015, UNICEF will continue working with the Government of Sudan and implementing partners to reach over 4.2 million girls and boys affected by conflict, natural disasters and chronic underdevelopment with life-saving interventions, education and protection, especially in hard-to-reach areas like Kebkabiya locality (North Darfur), Kalma camp (South Darfur) and Leri locality in South Kordofan.
Working mainly at the community level and directly with partners, UNICEF will continue to improve access to child protection, education, health and nutrition as well as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and support. UNICEF and partners will establish and continue to support integrated community-based protection networks to identify violence, abuse and exploitation and provide immediate response to vulnerable girls and boys, including adolescents, with psychosocial support, family tracing and reunification, and support for children released from armed forces and groups. UNICEF, the Ministry of Education and NGOs are providing girls and boys with access to quality, inclusive and protective life-saving education. UNICEF is connecting hard-to-reach children with health services through mobile clinics, and with its partners, scaling up Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM), which is critical to child survival. In water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), UNICEF is ensuring access to improved drinking water and improved latrines.
While increasing access to water and sanitation, UNICEF is also building the capacity of communities, national partners and local government authorities to take on a greater role in the management and sustainability of humanitarian WASH services, using community-based approaches.
Results from 2014
With only 39 per cent (US$40,552,314)5 of the US$102.2 million appeal available, achieving results for children was a challenge in 2014. Furthermore, implementation is often challenged by security constraints, particularly in conflict-affected areas, and the overall complex operating environment. Despite these challenges, between January and October 2014, UNICEF and partners supported 316,780 emergency-affected school-aged girls and boys with access to education through learning supplies and recreational materials. This exceeds the target: due to the increased violence in Darfur and the response to the South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF had to scale up the response. The (re)construction of classrooms and temporary learning spaces involves heavy airlifting of supplies. In 2014, a heavier flood season hampered this construction during July, August and September. In WASH, UNICEF and partners provided more than 146,252 people with sustainable access to improved sanitation facilities and over one million people with access to safe drinking water. In collaboration with State Ministries of Health and other partners, UNICEF supported essential lifesaving interventions, including measles vaccinations to over 1.3 million girls and boys. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) promotion was provided to over 277,670 caregivers. UNICEF supported specialised treatment to 105,006 children under the age of five with SAM. More than 63,000 children affected by the emergencies were provided with psychosocial support.
UNICEF is coordinating with line ministries and NGOs as the lead in Education, Nutrition, and WASH clusters/sectors, as well as the Child Protection sub-sector lead
In line with the country’s inter-agency 2015 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$116,921,577 to meet the humanitarian needs of 4.2 million children in Sudan in 2015. Without additional funding UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to the country’s continuing conflict and natural disasters with a specific focus on critical child protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH services for children in Sudan.