Map of Sudan
UNICEF photo: In Khartoum, after the rains, children gather next to destroyed mud houses. © UNICEF Sudan/2013/Omer In Khartoum, after the rains, children gather next to destroyed mud houses.

Sudan

UNICEF requires an additional US$10.7 million to respond to the refugee influx from the South Sudan crisis, bringing its overall 2014 requirements to US$88.7 million.

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
200,800

children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment

2.3 million

conflict-affected people are provided with primary health services

1.5 million

have access to safe water supplies for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene

2014 Requirements: US$88,716,022

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 6.6 million
Total affected children (under 18): 3.4 million

Total people to be reached in 2014: 5 million
Total children to be reached in 2014: 2.2 million

At least 500,000 additional persons will be in need of humanitarian assistance in the first six months of 2014, due to the influx of refugees from South Sudan. This increases the total number of persons in need of urgent humanitarian assistance to 5 million. Field observations confirm that between 60 and 70 per cent (depending on the location) of all displaced persons are under the age of 18, which makes this new displacement primarily a children’s crisis.

Conflicts in Sudan continue to affect important parts of the country. While people in Darfur are still suffering the consequences of the armed conflict that began 10 years ago, the five states in the western part of Sudan have seen renewed conflict in 2013 and 2014 that has led to the displacement of an additional over half a million people and serious protection concerns. Conflict also continues to affect parts of the three Kordofan States, including Abyei and Blue Nile State. In addition, UNICEF and its partners are stretched to scale up assistance in the southern border-states to support 58,000 South Sudanese seeking refuge from the conflict in South Sudan. In Darfur, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimates that the renewed inter-tribal conflict and ongoing war between the various rebel factions and the Sudanese army has displaced 200,000 people in 2014 alone. This is a 10 per cent increase in the number of people – more than two million – who have been internally displaced in this decade-old conflict. UNICEF also anticipates that the floods forecasted for 2014 will add further displacements in the coming months, reaching a total of half a million displaced and vulnerable persons in the affected states. This is similar to the situation in 2013 when an estimated 500,000 people were affected, at least 36,020 homes were entirely destroyed and 49,365 homes were partially destroyed.1 The yellow fever outbreak in South and West Kordofan states in late 2013 and gaps in routine immunization have highlighted the need for ongoing vaccination campaigns in this highly inaccessible area. Polio vaccination is still being negotiated in rebel-held areas in Blue Nile and South Kordofan. With prevalence of global acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) above emergency thresholds, the nutrition situation is still a major concern throughout the country. A nationwide multi-indicator survey using the Simple Spatial Survey Method, which was conducted during the second half of 2013, will provide information on how to better address the nutritional needs of children.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 200,800 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM who are admitted for treatment
  • 4.1 million children under 5 provided with vitamin A supplementation

Health

  • 1.6 million children aged 6 to 59 months vaccinated against measles
  • 2.3 million conflict-affected people are provided with primary health services

WASH

  • 1.5 million of people accessing safe water supplies for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
  • 2.3 million people reached with messages on appropriate hygiene practices

Child protection

  • 66,000 children accessing psychosocial support
  • 200 children released from armed forces and groups
  • 750 separated and unaccompanied children reunified with their families
  • 600,000 conflict affected children provided with mine risk education

Education

  • 180,000 children accessing safe learning spaces provided through construction and rehabilitation of emergency or temporary learning spaces
  • 180,000 children are receiving education in emergency and recreational materials

UNICEF will continue to partner with the Government of Sudan and implementing partners to reach the growing numbers of vulnerable displaced persons with life-saving interventions, especially in hard-to-reach areas. Due to the decreasing numbers of international non-governmental organizations in the country, UNICEF will increase its focus with the Government and community-based organizations to reach the most vulnerable and advocate for assistance for those communities with limited access to services. The results of the multi-indicator survey will inform the national scale-up of community management of acute malnutrition programmes by identifying areas of greatest need. UNICEF will coordinate with partners in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) to build the capacity of national partners, local government authorities and communities to take on a greater role in the management and sustainability of humanitarian WASH services, using community-based approaches. UNICEF will support the Government and partners from national and international non-governmental organizations to provide children affected by emergencies with access to quality, inclusive and protective life-saving education and psychosocial support. As cluster lead, UNICEF will support the Ministry of Education and other education partners to develop the Sector Response Plan to facilitate education coverage for emergency-affected children. UNICEF will also support government counterparts and partners from non-governmental organizations to establish integrated community-based protection networks to identify needs and provide immediate response to vulnerable children, including psychosocial support, family reunification and support for children released from armed forces and groups. Support for the new arrivals from South Sudan will be in line with the Inter-Agency Appeal for South Sudanese Refugee Emergency, with UNICEF providing assistance in nutrition, education, WASH and child protection.

Results from 2013

UNICEF appealed for US$67,711,658 for 2013, and as of the end of December 2013, a total of US$39,430,545, or 58 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. UNICEF has successfully advocated with the Government to implement a multi-sector plan to prevent malnutrition and is supporting the Government in the drafting of this plan. UNICEF led the child protection sub-cluster, chaired the national subsector and co-chaired eight child protection working groups with the Government. The Government’s participation in the sub-cluster at the state level has increased its ownership of the issue. UNICEF responded to the immediate psychosocial needs of children by supporting the Government and partners to establish child-friendly spaces that reached 43,684 children. In collaboration with the Ministry of Education and partners, UNICEF provided more than 252,000 vulnerable girls and boys with access to life-saving education in emergencies interventions, including the provision of emergency teaching and learning supplies and temporary learning spaces. UNICEF supported and enhanced the capacity of government agencies, civil society and non-governmental organizations to deliver humanitarian WASH services for internally displaced persons and communities affected by conflict and other disasters through the construction and rehabilitation of WASH facilities. WASH interventions also contributed to peace-building among internally displaced persons, host communities and nomads.

Results through 31 December 2014 unless noted
*Data collected through 30 September 2013
** Data collected through 31 August 2013
*** Data as reported in UNICEF's Annual Report for Sudan

Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency 2014 Strategic Response Plan and the Inter-Agency Appeal for South Sudanese Refugee Emergency, UNICEF is requesting US$88,716,022 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Sudan in 2014. With this funding, UNICEF will be able to increase access to improved water and sanitation services for internally displaced persons and their host communities and provide rehabilitative nutrition services. Mothers and children will also benefit from access to health and education services. As cluster lead in four areas, UNICEF will continue to facilitate coordination among national partners and non-governmental organizations to improve the response to Sudan’s humanitarian needs.

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1 UNICEF, ‘Humanitarian Situation Report - Date: 30 September 2013’, September 2013.