Map of Somalia
UNICEF photo: A polio vaccinator gives a Somali girl drops of polio vaccine in Somaliland during a round of emergency polio vaccinations in November 2013. More than 180 cases of polio have been recorded in Somalia since the outbreak began in May. © UNICEF/2013/A.Makundi A polio vaccinator gives a Somali girl drops of polio vaccine in Somaliland during a round of emergency polio vaccinations in November 2013. More than 180 cases of polio have been recorded in Somalia since the outbreak began in May.

Somalia

UNICEF is appealing for US$155.1 million to respond to the humanitarian needs of children and women in Somalia for 2014.

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
200,000

children suffering from severe acute malnutrition are treated

2,097,894

children under 5 receive polio vaccine and 300,000 children under 1 are vaccinated against measles

25,000

vulnerable people meet basic food and non-food needs

2014 Requirements: US$155,137,406

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 3.2 million
Total affected children: 2.3 million

Total people to be reached in 2014: 3.2 million
Total children to be reached in 2014: 1.9 million

Somalia’s food security crisis is expected to worsen during the second half of 2014 following a poor rainy season, armed conflict, shrinking humanitarian access and assistance, and surging food prices. An estimated 870,000 people (70 per cent of whom are internally displaced), require lifesaving assistance. An additional 2.3 million people remain highly vulnerable to shocks and are facing food insecurity. Some 203,000 children are acutely malnourished and 600,000 require sustained nutrition interventions. The high rates of malnutrition among displaced children in Mogadishu is of particular concern with global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates at 18.9 per cent and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates at 5.5 per cent. An estimated 3.2 million Somalis lack access to health care, more than 1.74 million children lack access to education and more than 2.75 million people lack sustainable access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Some 1.1 million internally displaced persons are in need of emergency shelter and basic non-food items. Gender-based violence, particularly sexual violence against women and girls is widespread. Armed groups commit grave violations against children, primarily abductions and forced recruitment. The effects of the ongoing military offensive, which intensified in March 2014, have exacerbated the acute food insecurity situation as a result of displacements during the planting season and blockages to supply routes. The food security crisis is expected to worsen.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 Revised Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 200,000 children under 5 years suffering from SAM receive treatment

Health

  • 2,097,894 children under 5 years vaccinated against polio
  • 300,000 children under 1 year immunized against measles
  • 30,000 pregnant women have access to skilled birth attendants at health facilities

WASH

  • 490,000 emergency-affected population provided with access to safe water
  • 475,000 children and women receive critical WASH-related information to prevent child illness

Child protection

  • 5,000 child and women survivors of violence, including gender-based violence assisted
  • 2,000 children associated with armed forces or armed groups reintegrated into their communities

Education

  • 180,000 vulnerable children benefit from access to learning and key lifesaving messages in a protective environment

Social protection

  • 25,000 vulnerable households are able to meet basic food and non-food needs with improved access to services in situations of crisis

Throughout 2014, UNICEF Somalia, in collaboration with partners, is continuing efforts to prevent morbidity and mortality, increase access to services and promote community resilience by building community capacity to anticipate and cope with shocks. The eradication of polio, control of measles outbreaks, immunization of all children, and provision of basic health services to the most vulnerable population, are top priorities. UNICEF is providing a package of curative, promotive and preventive nutrition interventions, while strengthening the implementation capacity of the Government, partners and communities. Lifesaving and resilience building initiatives include increasing access to safe water, putting in place emergency sanitation, extending community-led total sanitation approaches to flood, drought and disease-prone areas, and maintaining immediate response capacity through ten supply hubs across the Central South Zone (CSZ). UNICEF is supporting the disengagement and reintegration of children associated with armed groups, monitoring and reporting on grave violations, and preventing and responding to gender-based violence. Furthermore, UNICEF is working to improve access, quality and capacity for the provision of emergency education. UNICEF leads the WASH and nutrition clusters, and co-leads the education cluster and the child protection and gender-based violence working groups.

Following the intensification of the military offensive in March, 2014, UNICEF is reallocating supplies to address needs in the most critical areas. It is also working to ensure that basic lifesaving interventions take place in newly accessible areas, whilst maintaining neutrality and ensuring that humanitarian interventions are not associated with the offensive.

Results 2014 (January to June)

During the first half of 2014, UNICEF and partners admitted 76,241 children aged under five years into therapeutic feeding programmes for treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), provided support for 241,251 children aged under five to access essential health services through outpatient department consultations, and enabled 83,232 pregnant women to attend antenatal visits. UNICEF is currently piloting a multiple micronutrient powder program for children under two years, and infant and young child feeding programs are ongoing at both facility and community levels. Some 402,975 people have been provided with access to clean drinking water, and 116,400 vulnerable people with direct cash transfers, enabling them to prioritize and meet their own critical needs. UNICEF is supporting efforts to identify, trace and reunify separated and unaccompanied children. Efforts to provide children with access to emergency education have been hampered due to complete lack of funding. In general, implementation continues to be challenged by limited humanitarian access and severe funding gaps, all the while urgent needs of women and children are increasing in relation to the intensified military offensive, ongoing conflict, and late and minimal rains.


Funding requirements

In line with Somalia’s 2014 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF is appealing for US$155.1 million to meet the humanitarian needs of women and children. As of June 30, 2014, US$ 26.4 million, or 17 per cent of the total appeal, was available. Although UNICEF has continued delivering essential services where possible, additional funding is urgently required to replenish and preposition supplies for all programmes and particularly to expand lifesaving health, nutrition and WASH programmes to provide essential services to millions of at-risk Somali children and families to avoid deterioration similar to the 2011 famine.

*Total funds available include recovery costs.

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[1] Includes approximately 250,000 beneficiaries for activities initiated in 2013 and completed in early 2014
[2] Limited results are due to lack of funding.
[3] Targeting 25,000 households will benefit an estimated 150,000 individuals.