2013 planned response
For 2013, UNICEF is appealing for nearly US$1.4 billion to cover humanitarian needs described in this Humanitarian Action for Children 2013 funding document. Taking into account the countries covered in regional chapters, UNICEF will be assisting children in 45 countries.
The bulk of the targeted results will come from ongoing responses to the larger protracted crises: the Syrian Arab Republic and the refugee response in neighbouring countries; the Sahel, notably the complex emergency inside Mali and the regional refugee crisis surrounding it; Somalia and the Horn of Africa; the ongoing fighting and nutritional crises in Yemen; the displacement and nutrition crises in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its children’s increasing vulnerability to lost schooling and threats of exploitation and abuse; and ongoing needs in Sudan, in particular education. The targeted results include responses to worsening crises that emerged late in 2012, such as the rising numbers of people internally displaced by the fighting in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; the humanitarian situation in the State of Palestine following violence in the Gaza Strip in November and the additional needs in the Philippines following Typhoon Bopha in early December.
UNICEF and partners in 2013 will work toward the following results.1
1.9 million children to be treated for severe acute malnutrition
39 million children immunized against measles, pneumonia, polio, meningitis, rubella, acute respiratory infections and/or tetanus
WATER, SANITATION & HYGIENE
12.3 million people to have access to safe water for drinking, cooking and bathing
3.5 million children (and women) to have access to child protection services (including family tracing and foster care for separated children, assistance for children demobilized from armed groups, services for victims of gender-based violence, psychosocial support and life skills programmes)
6 million children to have access to improved education, including through temporary spaces
HIV and AIDS
292,752 people to have access to testing, counselling and referral for treatment
The focus of response has also evolved. In 2013, the proportion of funding per sector has slightly changed from that of 2012, with requirements for nutrition interventions decreasing by 11 per cent, largely due to the improved food security situation in the Horn of Africa. This also accounts for the 40 per cent global reduction for livelihood programmes and cash transfers. Meanwhile, the requirements for WASH have increased by 30 per cent, largely because of the need to increase the number and quality of sanitation services in many countries to reduce open defecation and halt the spread of disease. The requirements for child protection have more than doubled, mainly because of an increase in the number of psychosocial support programmes but also to prevent child recruitment by armed groups and support those who are demobilized. In addition, given the increased number of armed conflicts, programmes to reduce the risk of injuries from landmines have increased. Requirements for HIV and AIDS programmes have fallen 35 per cent, as many costs have now been streamlined into all other programme budgets or are addressed through national development frameworks. Most HIV and AIDs programmes in Humanitarian Action for Children 2013 are for communication, prevention, and testing and referrals.
Regional shifts in requirements have also occurred, with almost a third of the overall requirements focused on West and Central Africa because of regional responses to the crisis in Mali and the Sahel nutrition situation. Requirements for countries throughout the Middle East and North Africa now comprise more than a quarter of overall needs, because of increases in the Syrian Arab Republic and Syrian refugee responses and significant increases in requirements for Yemen. Meanwhile, needs for Eastern and Southern Africa have dropped considerably because of improvements in the food security situation in Kenya and Somalia, yet remain a significant proportion of overall needs because of a sharp increase for South Sudan, given the high refugee influxes from Sudan. There has also been a sharp decrease in needs for Latin America and the Caribbean (60 per cent) because of lower requirements for Haiti, which is now moving towards transitional and development programmes, while maintaining an emergency response capacity. Requirements for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States have remained constant; however, in this year’s appeal, Georgia (the Abkhazia region), Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have stand-alone chapters to highlight their needs individually. Requirements for both South Asia and East Asia and the Pacific regions have decreased slightly, representing 7 and 4 per cent of global requirements respectively, with high priority given to preparedness planning, emergency response and community-based disaster risk reduction.
Because of the unpredictable context in which UNICEF and its humanitarian partners operate, these requirements are expected to be adjusted, both upwards and downwards, as new events occur, additional assessments are carried out and needs are met. Timely commitment and receipt of funds have been essential in the past, and the continued support of donors will be critical to ensure an effective and comprehensive response in 2013.
1 2013 targets include countries in the Humanitarian Action for Children 2013. Other country-targeted results will be added as needed.