Map of the Philippines
UNICEF photo: Children affected by Typhoon Haiyan in the town of Marabut, Samar, heading home from school. UNICEF has supported the Philippine Government's gradual reopening of schools, with a 'soft' back-to-school launch on 2 December 2013. © UNICEF Philippines/2013/MAITEM Children affected by Typhoon Haiyan in the town of Marabut, Samar, heading home from school. UNICEF has supported the Philippine Government's gradual reopening of schools, with a 'soft' back-to-school launch on 2 December 2013.

Philippines

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
1.38 million

people have access to sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene

147,100

children have safe access to child-friendly spaces

300,000

children have access to temporary learning spaces

2014 Requirements: US$144,629,816

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Humanitarian situation

Snapshot

Total affected population: 17.8 million
Total affected children: 7.4 million

Total people to be reached in 2014: 1.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2014: 748,000

In 2013, the Philippines was struck by multiple humanitarian emergencies, including Typhoon Haiyan, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake in Bohol and conflict in Zamboanga. These humanitarian crises created massive humanitarian needs in addition to the impact of the ongoing conflict in Mindanao. Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the country on 8 November, 2013 affected some 14.1 million people, and led to the displacement of 4.1 million people, including 1.7 million children. The devastation occurred in some of the Philippines’ poorest regions and communities where more than 40 percent of children were already living in poverty. Typhoon Haiyan was declared a Level 3 emergency by UNICEF. As of June 2014, some 68,500 people continue to live in temporary housing/evacuation centers, while some 5,850 classrooms and day care centers destroyed by the storm, are still in need of repair. On 15 October 2013, an earthquake with a Richter scale magnitude of 7.2 hit Bohol displacing 350,000 people. As of June 2014, 19 evacuation centers still host 320 families (1,253 persons), while 71 families are still living in transition shelters. On 9 September 2013, heavy fighting in Zamboanga caused the displacement of over 119,000 people. 10,000 homes and four schools were completely destroyed, displacing 9,269 students. While only three of an original 25 schools are still being used as evacuation centers, 20 schools still require repairs. 64,000 people remain displaced including 25,444 in crowded evacuation centers. UNICEF continues to assist children and families, whose lives are disrupted by recurrent, intermittent conflict in Mindanao. In 2014, there have been 10 reported incidents of attacks on schools, affecting over 3,500 children.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 234,465 female caregivers of children aged 0 to 23 months with access to infant and young child feeding counselling for appropriate feeding
  • 30,000 pregnant women provided with iron/folic acid supplementation

Health

  • 1.1 million children aged 6 to 59 months in priority areas vaccinated for measles
  • 29,000 children under 1 in priority areas receiving routine Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)

WASH

  • 1,377,100 people with access to sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
  • 721,800 people with access to appropriately designed toilets
  • 630,800 children in schools/learning spaces with access to hygiene kits or key hygiene items

Child protection

  • 147,100 children with safe access to child-friendly spaces
  • 120,000 children and their caregivers benefiting from enrolment in quality psychosocial support services

Education 

  • 675,900 pre-school and school-aged children (aged 3 to 17 years) provided with learning materials and supplies
  • 300,000 children access temporary learning spaces
  • 10,000 education service providers receive training on at least one emergency topic

As part of the inter-agency response to Typhoon Haiyan led by the Government of the Philippines, UNICEF and partners have worked to reach children in the most affected areas, and responded to community and local government needs by targeting 40 of the worst affected Local Government Units (LGUs) with a population of 1.34 million including 558,000 children. In the first months of the response, UNICEF focused on immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance. UNICEF is now engaging in recovery efforts, reducing risk and strengthening resilience to future shocks and emergencies and building capacity to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

UNICEF is continuing to support the government-led humanitarian Zamboanga Action Plan working with partners on relief services for 64,000 displaced people. In Mindanao, UNICEF is working to improve the capacity of communities and administrators in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). UNICEF chairs the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting of Grave Child Rights Violations, monitoring and following-up on conflict-related disruptions to education, enabling children to return to school.

UNICEF established five new field offices in response to the Haiyan, Zamboanga and Bohol emergencies to provide technical programme support, coordination and information management capacity at decentralized levels. UNICEF programming support for the Government-led Bohol Earthquake response is phasing down in the second half of 2014. The field office closed in April 2014.

Results 2014 (January to June)

UNICEF’s early response to Typhoon Haiyan focused on life-saving assistance. As of 30 June 2014, 1,212,121 people were given safe access to clean water, 600,000 people were provided with medical supplies, and 692 children suffering severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted for treatment. In child protection, 25,891 children have accessed psychosocial support at 144 child-friendly spaces (CFSs), and 132 separated and unaccompanied children were identified and referred to government services.

Schools, pre-schools and temporary learning spaces (TLSs) have served as a focus for interventions including the distribution of learning materials and supplies benefitting 483,000 pre-school and school-aged children, the distribution of school hygiene kits benefitting 504,209 children, and the provision of makeshift solutions and repairs for some 900 classrooms. Some 20,000 community members were reached by a ‘back to learning’ campaign which aimed at encouraging/reassuring parents and family members that schools are safe and offer a protective environment for their children.

The focus is now on strengthening systems and building resilience. 5,175 children in the targeted areas have been fully-immunized through the routine vaccination programme and the vaccination cold chain has been re-established in 28 affected LGUs. Training and capacity building is occurring with Government partners across all sectors, including Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). 15,801 vulnerable households are receiving six cash transfers of $100 per month to cover basic and immediate needs.

The response in Zamboanga has focused on children in evacuation centers and transitory sites providing safe water for 25,995 people and latrines for 14,500 people. Some 24,904 school children have been provided with learning materials and supplies, and 20 TLSs have been set up providing emergency education programming for at least 10,000 school children. Psychosocial support has also been provided at the TLSs and in 12 CFSs reaching an additional 1,800 children. Some 549 children suffering from SAM have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes, 60,280 children have received Vitamin A supplementation and 62,223 have been dewormed.

In Mindanao 8,016 children and 4,082 pregnant and lactating women have been screened for malnutrition, 119 children received SAM treatment and 2,896 mothers and caregivers were counselled on infant and young child feeding practices. Sensitization on hygienic practices reached 14,000 people, and 392 families were assisted to construct latrines.

In Bohol, UNICEF restored water supplies benefitting some 77,384 people and enabled access to latrines for 25,814 people. Some 48,670 school children received hygiene kits, 27,100 children benefitted from learning materials and school supplies, and 3,756 children accessed psycho-social support in eight CFSs.

Information on the response to Typhoon Haiyan and the latest results from the Philippines are available at: http://www.unicef.org/appeals/philippines_sitreps

Notes:
[1] UNICEF targets and results are reported cumulatively for all four humanitarian appeals. Cluster targets and results only reported for Haiyan as no cluster targets were set in the formal Government agreed plans.
[2] The next campaign of measles vaccinations will commence in September.
[3] WASH targets for the Haiyan response were revised down by the WASH cluster. The water target (the 1st indicator) was reduced from 3,000,000 to 1,500,000 people and the target for toilets (the 2nd indicator) was reduced from 3,000,000 to 650,000 people.
[4] Child Protection cluster results for access to CFSs (the 1st indicator) were revised down from 97,811 and for psychosocial support services (the 2nd indicator) from 103,203 due to a technical error in partner reporting.

Funding requirements

Thanks to the generosity of donors, UNICEF’s response to the humanitarian and early recovery needs of children affected by Typhoon Haiyan is now fully funded. As of 30 June 2014, UNICEF received a total of US$140.7 million for the Typhoon Haiyan response, exceeding the initial US$119 million requested. UNICEF Philippines is currently exploring options with donors to re-phase most of the additional funding for strategic recovery interventions for Haiyan response in 2015. Targeted funds will be considered for use in underfunded humanitarian responses in the Philippines. Some US$9.1 million in additional funding is required to meet the needs of displaced and conflict-affected children in Zamboanga and Mindanao. UNICEF is no longer seeking funding for the Bohol earthquake response.