Funding requirements are expected to increase significantly for Typhoon Haiyan, as the results of detailed needs assessments come in, and following UNICEF’s revision of its response plan to address immediate, early recovery and rehabilitation needs. UNICEF’s revised 12-month response plan, which will reflect a significant scale-up of activities, will be presented as part of the revised interagency appeal, in early December.
UNICEF has changed its funding requirements for Typhoon Haiyan to US$61.5 million, bringing the total appeal to US$96.4 million to support children and women affected across the Philippines by Typhoon Haiyan, Bohol Earthquake and the Mindanao conflict.
Update on Humanitarian Situation
Children affected as of 11 December:
Total affected: 5.9 million
Includes: 1.7 million internally displaced
On the morning of 8 November, category 5 Typhoon Haiyan struck 36 provinces of the Philippines as possibly the most powerful storm every recorded. An estimated 12.3 million1 people in nine regions are affected and more than 920,000 people have been displaced2, seeking shelter in 995 evacuation centres, host communities or makeshift centers. Thousands have been killed and injured. The number of people affected and in need of support will continue to increase, as access to additional affected areas opens and needs assessments take place. More than 5 million children are affected and vulnerable to disease and protection risks, including 385,000 displaced children. Basic services including food, drinking water and healthcare, have been cut off, with vulnerable populations including children at risk of malnutrition and diseases. Flooded water pipelines, lack of electricity and fuel shortages for generators have made water pumping and treatment impossible. Children are at risk of being separated from their families due to displacement or loss of family members in the typhoon. Given the existing risks of gender-based violence and trafficking of women and girls, exposure to abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence is likely to be amplified in the aftermath of the Typhoon, with marginalized populations particularly vulnerable. The impact of the Typhoon will undoubtedly affect children’s psychosocial well-being, particularly for those facing the possibility of prolonged displacement. Millions of children have had their education disrupted due to schools being severely damaged or used as shelter. Pre-disaster poverty and malnutrition rates in the affected regions already surpassed the national average. Typhoon Haiyan comes weeks after the Bohol earthquake on 15 October hit some of the same provinces and nearly a year after Typhoon Bopha struck the southern portion of the country. The country has also been responding to the protracted conflict in Mindanao.
As part of the inter-agency Typhoon Haiyan Action Plan, UNICEF is working with partners including the Government’s National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council and local authorities. UNICEF will be prioritizing interventions in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), child protection, health, education and nutrition. In addition to its programme delivery, UNICEF is also supporting national coordination mechanisms as cluster lead for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education, nutrition and the child protection sub-cluster. Provision of WASH services will come as part of a sector response to reach 500,000 people, through a combination of water treatment and, where sources have been contaminated, water tankering. Gender-segregated latrines and bathing facilities will be constructed and maintained, to replace destroyed structures and prevent disease outbreaks and risk of violence against women and children, complemented by hygiene promotion and distribution of hygiene kits. As a priority, support will be provided to identify unaccompanied and separated children and strengthen family tracing and reunification efforts and provision of appropriate interim care. Psychosocial support including through Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) will be provided for more than 379,000 people including 123,000 children and 61,500 women. UNICEF will also support the strengthening of community-based protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect with particular attention to trafficking and gender-based violence (GBV). Emergency health services to prevent and treat childhood illnesses including pneumonia and diarrhoea and prevent outbreaks of water and vector-borne diseases will be provided in close collaboration with the WASH and Nutrition sectors. With a measles immunization rate under 85 per cent in some areas, a mass vaccination campaign, including polio and vitamin A, is planned to reach 100,000 children aged 0 to 59 months. The nutrition response will aim to reach 100,000 children under 5 and 60,000 pregnant and lactating women, including through nutrition screening; infant and young child feeding; and therapeutic feeding for girls and boys with severe acute malnutrition as part of local health systems. These will be supported through provision of nutrition supplies as well as capacity development of local health staff. Education services will focus on displaced preschool and school-aged children and include psychosocial support for their wellbeing, with over 180,000 preschool and school-aged children currently displaced.
At the onset of the emergency, UNICEF suspended its regular country programme and re-programmed its available resources in-country toward the immediate emergency response for the Typhoon, alongside the on-going response to two other emergencies, the Zamboanga conflict and the Bohol Earthquake. On 11 November, Executive Director Anthony Lake activated UNICEF’s corporate emergency procedure making the Typhoon response an organizational priority. The deployment of cluster coordinators, including for WASH and Child Protection at the decentralized level has begun, along with programme, information management and support staff. UNICEF is rapidly scaling up efforts to reach the most affected areas by establishing new field presences and mobilizing available pre-positioned supplies to support families in the affected areas, with distribution prioritized for Tacloban. Over U$1.3 million worth of WASH, child protection, health and education and nutrition supplies have been airlifted for distribution in the most affected areas. As a priority, UNICEF and partners of the Child Protection sub-cluster are working with local government to identify unaccompanied and separated children and reunite them with their families. Approximately 45,000 people will be provided with daily potable water in the coming days as supplies are shipped from Cotabato. Essential medicines have been dispatched to arrive in Roxas, Ormoc and Tacloban cities in the coming days to benefit 90,000 people for a month. As areas become accessible for assessments and response, the humanitarian community will continue to draw on lessons learned from past experiences to provide life-saving support through a coordinated and effective response.
At the time of the Typhoon, UNICEF had already been supporting the response to multiple humanitarian situations in the country, including renewed fighting in Mindanao, Bohol earthquake. This follows the response to last year’s Typhoon Bopha.
UNICEF 2013 Humanitarian Results and Targets (through 30 June 2013), predating Typhoon Haiyan
UNICEF Funding Requirements
The Typhoon comes amid continuing humanitarian needs in the country, notably the Bohol earthquake response in some of the same areas and the continued response to the conflict-affected population in Mindanao. UNICEF’s overall humanitarian requirements in the Philippines amount to US$96.4 million. In support of the Government-led response to Typhoon Haiyan, UNICEF is requesting US$61.5 million to respond to the humanitarian needs of millions of affected children and their families through May 2014. This is an increase from the initial requirements detailed in the inter-agency Typhoon Haiyan Action Plan and following a revision of estimated needs. UNICEF requirements may be further amended based on needs assessments as part of the upcoming revision of the Action Plan. Additional funds are urgently needed to support the growing response to the Typhoon, as well as continuing humanitarian needs across the country.