Map of the Philippines
UNICEF photo: Children affected by Typhoon Haiyan in the town of Marabut, Samar, heading home from school. UNICEF has supported the Philippine Government's gradual reopening of schools, with a 'soft' back-to-school launch on 2 December 2013. © UNICEF Philippines/2013/MAITEM Children affected by Typhoon Haiyan in the town of Marabut, Samar, heading home from school. UNICEF has supported the Philippine Government's gradual reopening of schools, with a 'soft' back-to-school launch on 2 December 2013.

Philippines

Updated January 2014

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
1.38 million

people have access to sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene

147,100

children have safe access to child-friendly spaces

300,000

children have access to temporary learning spaces

2014 Requirements: US$144,629,816

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 17.8 million
Total affected children (under 18): 7.4 million

Total people to be reached in 2014: 1.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2014: 748,000

Following the response to disasters and conflict in 2012, the Philippines was struck by a series of emergencies in 2013. First, in the south, the ongoing conflict in Mindanao was exacerbated by renewed fighting in Zamboanga City in September, which left 200 people dead, over 10,000 houses destroyed and more than 120,000 people displaced.1 The next month, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol province in the central Philippines, affecting more than 3.2 million people and displacing more than 360,000 people whose homes were damaged or destroyed.2 Among the displaced, approximately 110,000 people were situated in evacuation centres and the remaining 250,000 set up makeshift tents in open spaces or on roadsides.3 While most families affected by the earthquake have returned home, the majority are staying in temporary shelters on their own properties. Finally, the humanitarian situation culminated one month later when the Category 5 storm, Typhoon Haiyan, struck 36 provinces on 8 November. Typhoon Haiyan is considered one of the most powerful storms ever recorded. Fourteen million people were affected,4 including 5.9 million children.5 Four million affected people lost their homes6 and thousands were killed, injured or are missing. The typhoon cut off basic services, including food, drinking water, health care and schooling, placing children at risk of malnutrition and disease outbreaks. The typhoon also impacted the ongoing response to the Bohol Earthquake, causing power failures that obstructed the water supply and diverting attention and support to typhoon-affected areas.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 234,465 female caregivers of children aged 0 to 23 months with access to infant and young child feeding counselling for appropriate feeding
  • 30,000 pregnant women provided with iron/folic acid supplementation

Health

  • 1.1 million children aged 6 to 59 months in priority areas vaccinated for measles
  • 29,000 children under 1 in priority areas receiving routine Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)

WASH

  • 1,377,100 people with access to sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
  • 721,800 people with access to appropriately designed toilets
  • 630,800 children in schools/learning spaces with access to hygiene kits or key hygiene items

Child protection

  • 147,100 children with safe access to child-friendly spaces
  • 120,000 children and their caregivers benefiting from enrolment in quality psychosocial support services

Education 

  • 675,900 pre-school and school-aged children (aged 3 to 17 years) provided with learning materials and supplies
  • 300,000 children access temporary learning spaces
  • 10,000 education service providers receive training on at least one emergency topic

As part of the inter-agency response to Typhoon Haiyan, UNICEF, the Government of the Philippines and other partners are working to reach children in the worst typhoon-affected areas with immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition, education and child protection. UNICEF will contribute to reducing risk, strengthening resilience and building capacity to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by ‘building back better’. The aim will be to prevent the deterioration of pre-existing mortality, morbidity and malnutrition levels, and to provide displaced populations, especially children, with shelter, protection and basic social services. To prevent disease outbreaks and to complement work in schools and child-friendly spaces, priority interventions will include the restoration of urban and rural water systems and the provision of water treatment products and other household items to facilitate access to safe water for 1.25 million people in affected areas (750,000 people have been reached as of the end of December 2013). To support zero open defecation barangays, UNICEF will provide 1 million people with appropriately designed toilets, adding to the 438,000 people already reached in the first month of the response to Typhoon Haiyan. Learning materials and supplies to support education access will be provided to 500,000 children and teachers and day care workers will be trained on psychosocial support and disaster risk education. Formal and informal mechanisms for child protection, including protection against trafficking and gender-based violence, will be restored and strengthened through capacity building, including through community-based child protection networks. Malnutrition will be monitored and prevented with the establishment of a real-time nutrition response surveillance system and safe breast-feeding friendly spaces in the affected areas. UNICEF will also support measles vaccination and routine immunization both through the provision of measles vaccines and the restoration of cold chain management at the community level, to prevent additional child deaths caused by disease outbreaks. UNICEF has established a main office in Tacloban, with field offices in Guiuan and Roxas City and a logistics hub in Cebu (as well as new offices in Bohol and Zamboanga following those crises). The newly established offices will include capacity for cluster coordination and information management at decentralized levels for all four UNICEF-led clusters (WASH, education, nutrition and the child protection area of responsibility). UNICEF will continue to support the government-led response to the Bohol Earthquake, which has remained underfunded. UNICEF will also continue to support the humanitarian response in Mindanao, including in Zamboanga, by screening and managing acute malnutrition cases among children, providing safe water and sanitation to approximately 120,000 people and supporting protection services for survivors of grave child rights violations. In all areas affected by crises, UNICEF will complement the national response and support government capacity building where needed.

Results from 2013 (31 October)

Prior to the typhoon, funding shortages limited achievements in UNICEF’s humanitarian programmes. The appeals for Bohol, Zamboanga and central Mindanao were underfunded. UNICEF appealed for US$34,987,397 for 2013, and as of the end of October 2013, a total of US$4,059,377, or 12 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. Through October 2013, UNICEF concluded nearly seven months of emergency operations in eastern Mindanao, which was devastated by Typhoon Bopha in late 2012. Lack of funding and the immediate shift in attention and support to typhoon-affected areas meant that it has not been possible to achieve additional results in those areas since September 2013. Days after Typhoon Haiyan struck, UNICEF suspended its regular country programme in the Philippines and reoriented its available in-country resources towards the immediate emergency response, alongside the ongoing responses to the Zamboanga conflict, the Bohol Earthquake and the chronic emergency in central Mindanao. On 11 November 2013, UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake activated the corporate emergency procedure, making the Typhoon response an organizational priority. Subsequently, UNICEF deployed an immediate response team, cluster coordinators for all UNICEF-led clusters at the national and sub-national levels, and programme, information management and support staff. 

UNICEF 2013 results through 31 October (predating Typhoon Haiyan)7

Results through 31 October 2013 unless noted

Funding requirements

Building on the inter-agency 2014 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF’s appeal amount is US$144,629,816 to meet the humanitarian needs of children affected by the different emergencies in the Philippines, for the period covering November 2013 through the end of 2014. This includes US$119 million for Typhoon Haiyan, US$12.2 million for the Bohol Earthquake,8 US$5.7 million for the Zamboanga response,9 and an additional US$7.7 million to respond to the protracted conflict in Mindanao. As of 17 December 2013, US$87,638,998 million had been received in humanitarian contributions, the majority of which is for the response to Typhoon Haiyan. UNICEF is grateful for the rapid and generous support to the immediate response phase and early recovery needs following the typhoon. UNICEF encourages donors to give flexible funding to build resilience across the Philippines, as well as to respond to the humanitarian needs in other parts of the country, where the response has long struggled for funding.

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1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘Zamboanga and Basilan Action Plan’, October 2013.
2 Reported by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).
3 Ibid.
4 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report 24’, 16 December 2013.
5 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘UNICEF Philippines Situation Report’, 17 December 2013
6 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Situation Report 24’, 16 December 2013.
7 In addition, as part of the Typhoon Haiyan response, UNICEF and partners provided access to safe water to over 750,000 people; supported the vaccination of over 50,000 children under 5 for measles; provided access to counseling on infant and young child feeding to over 4,200 caregivers of children under 2; supported the access of 21,600 children to temporary learning spaces; and provided psychosocial support to 9,720 children through 31 December 2013.
8 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘Bohol Earthquake Action Plan’, October 2013.
9 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, ‘Zamboanga and Basilan Action Plan’, October 2013.