UNICEF is requesting US$42.5 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Niger in 2015.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM are admitted for treatment
people in humanitarian situations or at-risk access sufficient quantity of quality water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, use appropriate sanitation facilities, and practice appropriate hygiene behavior
children and adolescents in humanitarian situations access adequate psychosocial support facilities and counselling
2015 Requirements: US$42,500,000
Total affected population: 4.3 million
Total affected children: 2.5 million
Total people to be reached in 2015: 1.4 million
Total children to be reached in 2015: 1 million
Niger is facing a multifaceted humanitarian crisis caused by food insecurity, malnutrition, population movements, epidemics, and natural disasters – and the crisis is compounded by an increase in the frequency of calamities and insufficient emergency preparedness. As of October 2014, 5.3 million people are considered to be at risk of food insecurity1, and this number is expected to decrease in 2015 to 4.3 million2. Prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children aged 6 to 59 months is 14.8 per cent and 2.7 per cent, respectively3. Due to security concerns in Mali, the return of Malian refugees has almost stopped in 2014, with 50,000 Malian refugees still hosted in Niger. In addition, worsening security in the northeast Nigeria and cholera outbreaks in that region caused displacement of 105,000 people to Niger4 and additional influx is expected during 20155. Since the beginning of 2014, Niger has faced outbreaks of cholera, including 1,660 cases and 51 deaths registered as of the end of October, mainly in the districts neighboring Nigeria. In 2015, UNICEF will continue to support the Government in implementing measures aimed at preventing and preparing for an Ebola outbreak. Humanitarian access, especially in the border areas of Mali and Nigeria, remains a challenge due to security constraints.
2015 Programme Targets
- 366,858 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM are admitted for treatment
- 968,919 children in humanitarian situations aged 0 to 11 months vaccinated against measles
- 985,000 people in humanitarian situations or at-risk access sufficient quantity of quality water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, use appropriate sanitation facilities, and practice appropriate hygiene behaviours
- 64,000 children and adolescents in humanitarian situations access adequate psychosocial support facilities and counselling
- 20,000 children and adolescents in humanitarian situations have continued access to quality formal and non-formal basic education (including through temporary structures)
HIV and AIDS
- 25,000 emergency-affected pregnant women who test positive for HIV provided with anti-retrovirals for PMTCT
- 400,000 people at risk of Ebola practice appropriate hygiene behaviours
In 2015, UNICEF’s humanitarian strategy remains harmonized with the Government’s ‘National Support Plan’. UNICEF and partners will support the Government in responding to the needs of approximately 1.4 million vulnerable people including: an estimated 367,000 children affected by SAM; 121,500 people affected by displacement (105,000 people displaced from Nigeria and 16,500 refugee children from Mali); and 880,000 people vulnerable to water-borne diseases (including 400,000 through Cholera- and Ebola-prevention activities, 420,000 people through Wash in Nut activities, and 60,000 affected by flooding). As the lead of the Nutrition, WASH, Education and Child Protection clusters in Niger, UNICEF supports the integration of activities through the integration of WASH and psychosocial support packages within nutrition interventions to increase WASH access, improve child development, promote healing and reduce the risk of relapse. Through a Letter of Understanding with UNHCR, UNICEF is supporting the Malian refugees and the displaced people from Nigeria (refugees and returnees) by ensuring their access to primary services. In 2015, UNICEF will ensure quality education for 11,500 Malian refugees and 8,500 displaced children from Nigeria; and psychosocial support for 5,000 children from Mali and 36,000 children from Nigeria. In addition, UNICEF will support increased access to water, hygiene and sanitation for approximately 52,500 people who found refuge in host communities in Diffa. UNHCR will cover access to water and sanitation for the Malian refugees in the camps. UNICEF will support prevention and treatment of malnutrition for all the refugee children from Mali and for displaced children in Diffa. To prevent a further spread of cholera, UNICEF is partnering with Ministries of Health, Water and Sanitation and WHO to deliver an integrated package of services to cholera-prone areas, including distribution of a minimum cholera non-food item kit to 400,000 people at risk, including soap and household water treatments tabs (PUR or Aquatabs).
Results from 2014
With 74.5 per cent (US$24,763,959) of the US$33.2 million appeal available as of mid-November, the response of UNICEF and partners focused on delivering programmes while building capacity at the local level. UNICEF supported the Government’s efforts to expand the outpatient treatment programme, which effectively provided integrated SAM treatment (including cases with medical complications) to more than 296,000 children under 5 including psychosocial support to mothers and children and ‘WASH in nutrition’ activities in partnership with non-governmental organizations. In collaboration with its partners, UNICEF ensured timely WASH response to cholera epidemics, floods and to the nutritional crisis reaching 380,758 people. In collaboration with UNHCR, the Ministry of Education, and other partners, UNICEF ensured access to quality education for almost 8,200 Malian refugee children attending pre-school, primary, secondary and non-formal education levels. UNICEF also ensured psychosocial support to 6,880 refugee children from Mali and 5,200 displaced children from Nigeria. As part of Ebola-preparedness activity, UNICEF supported the Government with the construction of an Ebola treatment site in Niamey (10 beds) and the production of Ebola communication materials (flyers, and posters) that are being produced and disseminated to increase Ebola awareness and preparation at the national level.
In line with Niger’s inter-agency 2015 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$42,500,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in the country in 2015. This funding will enable UNICEF to support the national response to the country’s continuing nutrition crisis affecting more than 367,000 children under five suffering from SAM; will go to providing critical services to households facing the spread of cholera; and will support displaced populations and children in need of psychosocial support and protective care. Basic supplies for primary education in emergency, equipment, qualified teachers for primary education and separated latrines for girls and boys are urgently needed to uphold children’s right to education in Malian refugee camps and sites, as well as in locations experiencing an influx of displaced people from Nigeria.
1 Food-insecurity vulnerability survey, UNICEF, 2013. This survey was conducted at the household level.
2 Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015, OCHA
3 National Nutrition SMART Survey, August 2014.
4 Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015, OCHA.
5 Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015, OCHA. The number of displaced people from Nigeria in Niger might reach 155,000, including 50,000 refugees.