Map of Niger
UNICEF photo: A boy carries a rolled-up carpet on his head © UNICEF Niger/2015/Abdou Ousseini, 10-year old from the Laberia Island on Lake Chad, just arrived in N’Guigmi in the Diffa Region and is looking for shade with his family.

Niger

In 2016, UNICEF and partners plan for:
400,000

children under 5 years suffering from SAM admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes

562,900

people in humanitarian situations accessed drinking water and appropriate sanitation facilities and practicing appropriate hygiene behaviours

40,000

children affected by conflict benefitted from access to child-friendly spaces for socialization, play and learning, and protected from violence, abuse and exploitation

2016 Requirements: US$39,516,271

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 2 million
Total affected children: 1.1 million

Total people to be reached in 2016: 1 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 800,0001

The Niger is facing a multifaceted humanitarian crisis caused by food insecurity, malnutrition, population movements, epidemics and natural disasters. The needs have been particularly acute in Diffa Region, where 213,000 people2 from Nigeria and the Niger remain displaced after fleeing the insecurity created by Boko Haram. Some 54,000 Malian3 refugees are still living in the Niger, which is increasing the strain on already weak and insufficient basic services in host communities. Security restrictions, coupled with a bad harvest, have impacted economic activities and weakened displaced and local communities even further. Frequent population movements and limited access due to insecurity are undermining accurate profiling and tracking, as well as the delivery of assistance. Recurrent epidemic outbreaks, such as measles and meningitis, are of serious humanitarian concern. Cholera also remains a major threat, particularly for Diffa and Tillabéry regions. Food insecurity and malnutrition are significant challenges in the current humanitarian context. It is estimated that in 2016, 2 million people4 will need food assistance and 400,794 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).

 

Humanitarian strategy

2016 Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 400,794 children under 5 years suffering from SAM admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes
  • 183,615 children aged 6 to 59 months in Diffa Region received vitamin A supplementation every semester

Health

  • 100,000 children aged 9 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles in Diffa Region
  • 110,000 children (malaria) and women (antenatal) with access to life-saving interventions through fixed and mobile strategies

WASH

  • 562,900 people in humanitarian situations accessed drinking water and appropriate sanitation facilities and practicing appropriate hygiene behaviours

Child protection5

  • 40,000 children affected by conflict benefitted from access to child-friendly spaces for socialization, play and learning, and protected from violence, abuse and exploitation

Education

  • 20,000 school-aged girls and boys (aged 7 to 14 years) accessed formal and non-formal education in Diffa Region

HIV and AIDS

  • 94 pregnant women who test positive for HIV provided with antiretroviral medications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Diffa Region

UNICEF and partners will continue to support humanitarian response in the Niger and provide multi-sectoral assistance to 1 million vulnerable people. UNICEF will assist 400,794 children affected by SAM and 403,000 refugees, returnees and people from host communities expected to be affected by the Nigeria crisis, including 221,000 children. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities will be provided for 562,900 people. In addition to the identification, registration and provision of care for unaccompanied and separated children, child-friendly spaces will be set up for 40,000 children affected by the conflict in Diffa Region. UNICEF will also support the Ministry of Education to ensure access to formal and non-formal learning opportunities for 20,000 girls and boys and will strengthen synergies through joint education and child protection interventions to address the needs of conflict-affected children in Diffa Region. UNICEF will work with the Ministry of Health to respond to epidemic outbreaks nationwide, while maintaining a focus on Diffa Region for the provision of life-saving interventions through community-based outreach to 110,000 children. UNICEF will scale up its monitoring capacity, particularly in Diffa Region, through a newly established zonal office. The office in Diffa will increase its support to local counterparts to facilitate humanitarian coordination in the areas of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and child protection, which UNICEF leads at the national level.

Results from 2015

As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 26 per cent (US$10.6 million) of the US$40.5 million 2015 appeal, in addition to US$3.3 million carried forward from 2014. Despite low funding, UNICEF used other resources, including in-kind contributions, rolled-over 2014 supply funds and regular resources to ensure a continued supply of ready-to-use therapeutic food and maintain the life-saving national SAM treatment programme, reaching over 302,000 children (82 per cent of target). More than 13,000 households with malnourished children received WASH assistance and nearly 15,000 children benefitted from psychosocial support. UNICEF and partners provided 34,000 children affected by the Nigeria and Mali crises with access to child-friendly spaces, and more than 10,000 children benefited from access to education services. UNICEF played a major role in supporting the Ministry of Health to respond to epidemics through the provision of 462,000 doses of meningitis vaccines for children and measles immunization for 652,093 children. In Diffa Region, UNICEF and partners were not able to meet the targets for access to water, sanitation and education due to a lack of resources and operational partners. Nonetheless, these interventions remain priorities for humanitarian response in 2016 and UNICEF will continue its efforts to mobilize resources and partners.

Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$39,516,271 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in the Niger in 2016. This includes US$14.5 million beyond the Humanitarian Response Plan to cover health, nutrition, WASH, child protection, HIV and AIDS, coordination and non-food items. Without sufficient funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to the country’s continuing nutrition crisis and provide critical WASH services to over 300,000 displaced people, returnees, internally displaced persons and vulnerable host families affected by the Nigeria crisis, who are facing limited access to safe drinking water and sanitation. In addition, 40,000 conflict-affected children would not benefit from child-friendly spaces for socialization in a protected environment. Basic supplies for primary education are also urgently needed to uphold children’s right to education.

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1 For all data on affected populations, refer to: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Niger Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Niger Humanitarian Response Plan 2016.
2 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Diffa/Niger: Mouvements de populations suite à la crise du Nord-Est du Nigéria (24/11/2015)’, OCHA, 24 November 2015, reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/ner_diffa_snapshot_mouvements_populations_24112015.pdf, accessed 18 December 2015.
3 Official figure (rounded up from 53,927) is from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as of 31 October 2015.
4 Niger Humanitarian Response Plan 2016.
5 The 2016 child protection response also includes support for 600 unaccompanied and separated children, as well as 150 detained children.
6 Admission data is as of 5 November 2015 (week 45).
7 The results are for those children who received the second round of micronutrient supplementation distribution.
8 Ibid.
9 The age grouping is as per the national protocol for immunization against measles. Children were vaccinated as a preventive measure due to displacement in Diffa Region or in response to outbreaks in Maradi, Agadez and Zinder.
10 This is cumulative data as of 30 July 2015, according to the District Vaccine Devices Monitoring Tool.
11 Confirmed cases as of October 2015 (National Programme Against Malaria).
12 Activities here only include boreholes, bladders and wells. Distribution of PUR water purifiers and Aquatabs is reported under the hygiene indicator.
13 The nutrition budget is in line with the target caseload for SAM treatment.
14 In health, the budget line is higher than the Humanitarian Response Plan as the Humanitarian Action for Children includes for all epidemics (including related preparedness) nationwide (for all at-risk or epidemic-prone areas), while the Humanitarian Response Plan only focuses on displaced people.