UNICEF is requesting US$46.7 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2015.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children aged 6-59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
people have equitable access to sufficient and sustainable quantity of safe drinking and domestic water
children covered by child protection case management services
2015 Requirements: US$46,650,000
Total affected population: 1,640,000
Total affected children: 631,000
Total people to be reached in 2015: 745,000
Total children to be reached in 2015: 576,000
June 2015 marked the fourth anniversary of the resurgence of conflict in Kachin and northern Shan states, and the third year of displacement in Rakhine state. Around 240,000 people remain displaced across these states, including over 100,000 children and a further 300,000 people are cut-off from access to essential services. Clashes in Kachin/northern Shan states have continued during the first half of 2015, displacing tens of thousands of people, with access to the most affected areas still restricted. In May, approximately 7,0001 migrants, including those fleeing the protracted situation in Rakhine state, were adrift at sea, prompting the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand to provide humanitarian assistance, including temporary shelter. Myanmar is also at the highest risk for natural hazards in the Asia-Pacific region, further exacerbating the population’s vulnerability. In July and August 2015, widespread flooding and landslides impacted at least 1.1 million people, including over 388,000 children, across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions. These figures will likely change based on ongoing needs assessments.
Humanitarian strategy (July to December 2015)
Revised 2015 Programme Targets
- 8,300 children aged 6-59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
- 123,500 children aged 6-59 months, and 51,000 pregnant and lactating women receive micronutrient supplementation (MNPs)
- 26,100 pregnant and lactating women access infant and young child feeding counselling
- 66,700 conflict-affected children aged under two years receive measles immunization
- 380,000 people have equitable access to sufficient and sustainable quantity of safe drinking and domestic water
- 400,000 people have equitable access to safe and sustainable sanitation facilities
- 400,000 have basic knowledge of diarrhoeal disease transmission and prevention
- 370,000 children covered by child protection case management services
- 59,600 children access primary and pre-primary learning opportunities
- 21,700 adolescents access middle school or non-formal post primary education in safe learning spaces
In Kachin and Rakhine states, UNICEF will continue to support the Government’s response to the humanitarian needs of 540,000 people affected by the conflict. UNICEF is supporting the Government of Myanmar’s assistance to flood victims through health and nutrition activities, provision of clean water and sanitation, and the re-establishment of education and child protection services. UNICEF plans to reach a total of 745,000 people affected by conflict and floods during 2015. UNICEF and partners are expanding therapeutic care to an additional 3,000 children who are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), who have been identified due to the shift to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Child Growth Standards. Partners are being assisted by UNICEF to expand immunisation coverage to underserved areas. WASH support in internally displaced persons’ (IDP) camps is shifting toward the rehabilitation of existing facilities to reduce longer-term costs, and is expanding to surrounding villages with communal water provision and targeted sanitation coverage. UNICEF and partners are continuing their support for temporary learning spaces (TLS), capacity building for volunteer teachers and school committees, and expanding educational support for adolescents, with a focus on essential life-skills. Efforts to mitigate child protection risks will continue through case management and psycho-social support (PSS); mine-risk education and mine-victim assistance; adolescent engagement; monitoring of grave violations; and reintegration of children released from the armed forces and armed groups. UNICEF leads the WASH cluster, nutrition sector, child protection sub-sector and Mine Risk Education Working Group, and co-leads the education sector. To build resilience, UNICEF is continuing to invest in emergency preparedness, conflict-sensitive and disaster risk reduction strategies.
Results to date (1 January to 30 June 2015)
As of mid-August, US$9 million of the revised 2015 appeal of US$46.7 million has been received. This figure includes US$5.6 million for Kachin/Rakhine and US$3.4 million for the flood response. Since January 2015, UNICEF and partners have focused on delivering conflict-sensitive emergency assistance, and the strengthening of self-reliance/resilience and services for crisis-affected populations. Leveraging regular and carry-forward resources, UNICEF and partners have treated over 4,600 children with SAM in Rakhine, and over 9,300 children have received micronutrient support. Results for women are not yet available in all states. UNICEF has ensured access to safe water and sanitation facilities for over 45,000 people, but is not on track to reach HAC WASH targets due to insufficient funding. As the new school year began in June, UNICEF and partners have supported almost 30,000 primary and pre-primary school-aged children and over 4,700 adolescents to access learning opportunities. Ensuring the provision of qualified and trained volunteer teachers remains a challenge. Case management and psychosocial support services are now available for almost 56,000 conflict-affected and displaced children. Since the beginning of the year, as co-chair of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting on grave child rights violations, UNICEF has facilitated the release of 93 children from the armed forces, bringing the total to 646 children released since 2012.
UNICEF’s revised appeal of US$46.7 million includes US$23.3 million to respond to the devastating effects of the recent floods which affected 12 out of the 14 states and regions of Myanmar. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to high levels of severe acute malnutrition, life-saving case management for cases of exploitation, abuse and violence, critical education services for primary school aged and adolescent children who have missed several years of schooling, WASH support to avoid the spread of disease, and increasingly vital protection support for children and adolescents facing prolonged and new displacement.
1 UNHCR Map - Situation Update, Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, 29 May 2015.