Map of Myanmar
UNICEF photo © UNICEF /Myanmar/2013/Ko Kyaw

Myanmar

UNICEF is requesting US$24.9 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2015.

In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
4,000

children aged 6-59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care

90,000

people have equitable access to sufficient and sustainable quantity of safe drinking and domestic water

100,000

children covered by child protection case management services

2015 Requirements: US$24,905,000

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 536,000
Total affected children: 240,000

Total people to be reached in 2015: 280,000
Total children to be reached in 2015: 209,000

Myanmar continues to face protracted emergencies in Kachin, northern Shan, and Rakhine States, placing over 536,0001 people, including 240,000 children, in need of humanitarian support. The civil conflict in Kachin and northern Shan has displaced more than 99,000 people since 2011, and inter-communal violence has displaced nearly 140,000 people in Rakhine since 2012. Additionally, 297,000 persons have been cut off from essential services by these crises, and their needs are compounded by Myanmar’s high exposure to natural hazards. In Rakhine, the conflict has deteriorated chronic under-development, with global acute malnutrition rates (GAM) over 20 per cent in some areas, health services relying on mobile clinics, and low education access for all students, including only 8 per cent of adolescents in camps attending basic non-formal education. In Kachin and northern Shan, stunting is a major concern, as is access to adequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities. Children continue to face limited access to basic education and are at risk of protection issues, including recruitment and use by armed forces and armed groups, mine risks, gender-based violence and unsafe migration practices.

Humanitarian strategy

2015 Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 4,005 children aged 6-59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
  • 28,098 children aged 6-59 months, and 7,618 pregnant and lactating women receive micronutrient supplementation (MNPs)
  • 6,204 pregnant and lactating women access infant and young child feeding counselling

Health

  • 14,477 conflict-affected children aged 9-18 months receive measles immunization

WASH

  • 90,000 people have equitable access to sufficient and sustainable quantity of safe drinking and domestic water
  • 98,000 people have equitable access to safe and sustainable sanitation facilities
  • 98,000 have basic knowledge of diarrhoeal disease transmission and prevention

Child protection

  • 100,000 children covered by child protection case management services

Education

  • 34,000 emergency-affected children in Kachin and Rakhine accessing primary and pre-primary learning opportunities

In 2015, UNICEF will continue to support the Government of Myanmar’s response to the humanitarian needs of over 536,000 children, men and women affected by conflict and natural hazards. UNICEF and partners are expanding assistance to children under age five with severe acute malnutrition, and are linking with national resilience-building platforms. UNICEF plans to support community-based solutions for increased access to water and improvement of its quality, WASH facility maintenance and hygiene promotion. UNICEF and partners will continue education support by providing temporary learning spaces (TLS) and capacity building on child-friendly education for volunteer teachers and school committees. UNICEF will continue to mitigate child protection risks through: psychosocial support in safe community spaces; mine-risk and life-skills education; and the release of children associated with armed forces. As lead of the WASH cluster, nutrition sector, and child protection sub-sector, and co-lead of the education sector, UNICEF will continue coordinating with partners to provide life-saving and sustaining services with a results-based approach. UNICEF is investing in child-centred preparedness and disaster risk reduction strategies, while ensuring programmes are conflict-sensitive and that they decrease vulnerabilities for children.

Results from 2014

With 58 per cent (US$10,782,616) of the US$18.5 million 2014 appeal available as of the end of October, UNICEF and partners have focused on delivering conflict-sensitive emergency assistance, strengthening local self-reliance and resilience, and developing targeted services for IDPs and other affected persons. Due to access limitations, and limited but improving partner capacity, some targets have not been reached, and immunization campaigns have had to be moved to 2015. However, across both regions, over 241,000 children were screened for acute malnutrition, of whom 6,680 were treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM). As lead of the WASH cluster, UNICEF and partners expanded WASH facilities and services for over 320,000 IDPs, and people in host and nearby communities affected by the crises. In education, 23,300 children gained access to learning opportunities, and 21,500 children in IDP camps and host communities were also provided with essential learning packages. The majority of child-friendly spaces support is provided by other actors, hence UNICEF is scaling down its support for this action and increasing support for case management services. As co-chair of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting, UNICEF facilitated the release of 376 children from the armed forces in 2014.

Funding requirements

In line with Myanmar’s inter-agency 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$24,905,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in the country in 2015. Without additional funding UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to high levels of severe acute malnutrition and stunting, critical education services for children who have missed several years of schooling, necessary WASH support to avoid the spread of disease, and psychosocial support for children and adolescents. Without this support to provide life-saving services and build resilience, children in these areas are at further risk of deteriorating health and psychosocial protection issues.

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1 The needs of some 400,000 people enduring prolonged displacement in the southeast are being addressed through a separate durable solutions framework and are not part the inter-sectoral response.