Map of Myanmar
UNICEF photo: a group of kids wash their hands and look up at camera © UNICEF Myanmar/2012/Myo Thame Schoolchildren practice proper hand washing at a village primary school on Hand-washing Day in Pantanaw Township in the Ayeyarwaddy Region. UNICEF provided hand washing facilities and clean toilets for the school.


In 2016, UNICEF and partners plan for:

children with SAM admitted to therapeutic care


people gained equitable access to sufficient and safe drinking and domestic water


children covered by child protection case management services

2016 Requirements: US$24,960,000

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Total affected population: 563,500
Total affected children: 263,200

Total people to be reached in 2016: 276,000
Total children to be reached in 2016: 230,000

While Myanmar undergoes a political transition, ongoing and unresolved conflict in Kachin and northern Shan and inter-communal violence in Rakhine continue to affect children. Thousands of new displacements and access challenges are impacting humanitarian action, as well as efforts to regularly provide and monitor assistance and promote longer-term solutions. More than 240,000 people remain displaced in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan, and a further 308,000 lack access to essential services.1 In Rakhine, restrictions on movement and limited access to services have forced increasing numbers of people to resort to risky sea migrations. In addition, major flooding devastated large areas of Myanmar in August 2015, displacing 1.7 million people, including an estimated 572,000 children. Although most of those affected have now returned to their villages, children continue to experience limited access to basic education and heightened risk of protection violations.

Humanitarian strategy

2016 Programme Targets


  • 5,500 children aged 6 to 59 months and 1,500 children aged 5 to 9 years with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
  • 22,500 children aged 6 to 59 months and 10,000 pregnant or lactating women received micronutrient supplementation
  • 7,000 pregnant or lactating women accessed IYCF counselling


  • 33,650 conflict-affected children aged 9 to 18 months received measles immunization


  • 60,000 people gained equitable access to sufficient and safe drinking and domestic water
  • 60,000 people gained equitable access to safe and sustainable sanitation facilities
  • 60,000 gained basic knowledge of diarrheal disease transmission and prevention

Child protection

  • 120,000 children covered by child protection case management services


  • 41,000 emergency-affected children accessed primary and pre-primary learning opportunities
  • 8,100 adolescents accessed middle school or non-formal post primary learning opportunities

UNICEF will continue to provide humanitarian relief to all vulnerable communities, including host communities in remote areas of Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan. This will include nutritional support to children and women affected by crisis and conflict, focusing on treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), multi-micronutrient supplementation and promotion of appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. UNICEF will improve access to health and immunization services for conflict-affected children aged 9 to 18 months in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan by expanding health service coverage in collaboration with partners. UNICEF and partners will work to empower internally displaced persons (IDPs) to manage their own water and sanitation facilities and provide better state-level monitoring of water safety and water security. Formal education and essential life-skills education will be aligned through support to child-friendly temporary learning spaces, volunteer teacher trainings and capacity building of school committees. UNICEF will mitigate child protection risks, including through psychosocial support; counter-trafficking programming; mine-risk education and mine-victim assistance; adolescent engagement; monitoring of grave violations; and reintegration of children released from armed forces and groups. UNICEF will continue to chair the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting for grave violations against children in armed conflict, while promoting durable solutions, risk reduction and resilience-building approaches.

Results from 2015 [2]

As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 44 per cent (US$20.7 million) of the US$46.6 million 2015 appeal, in addition to US$1.7 million carried forward from 2014. This included US$5.6 million for Kachin and Rakhine and US$3.4 million for the flood response. UNICEF and partners focused on delivering conflict-sensitive emergency assistance, strengthening resilience and providing key services to crisis-affected populations. As part of the nutrition response, 9,440 severely malnourished children were admitted for therapeutic care, including 7,370 children in Rakhine; and 74,485 children and more than 10,000 women received micronutrient support. More than 240,000 people gained access to safe water through the construction, maintenance and upgrading of water points and the promotion of low-cost water treatment solutions. More than 30,000 children under 2 years were immunized against measles. Almost 37,500 primary and pre-primary school-aged children and more than 6,400 adolescents gained access to learning opportunities through temporary learning spaces/non-formal education centres, early childhood care and development centres and the rehabilitation of schools, as well as through the provision of teaching and learning resources. The quality of education was improved through the training of over 500 volunteer teachers and nearly 1,000 parents. Case management and psychosocial support services are now available to over 70,500 conflict-affected or displaced children. UNICEF also facilitated the release of 93 children from the armed forces in 2015.

Funding requirements

In line with the country’s inter-agency 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$24.96 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2016. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to high levels of SAM and stunting, critical education services for children who have missed several years of schooling, necessary WASH support to avoid the spread of disease and psychosocial support for children and adolescents. Provision of life-saving services and resilience-building will prevent children from becoming at further risk of deteriorating health and protection.

1 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Humanitarian Response Plan, January–December 2016’, 9 December 2016.
2 “Results for 2015” avoids double-counting between Kachin/Rakhine and flood response figures.