In 2013, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children under 5 and 4,600 pregnant and lactating women are provided with multi-micronutrient supplementation
IDPs have access to safe drinking water
children are provided with safe access to community spaces for socialization, play and learning
2013 requirements (US$)
Update of humanitarian situation
Inter-communal violence and civil and ethnic conflict have displaced over 240,000 people across the country.1 Inter-communal conflict since June 2012 continues in Rakhine State, where an estimated 140,000 people are accommodated in tents, temporary shelters and host communities.2 This has led to over-crowding, restriction of movement, and separation of families, increasing children’s vulnerability to abuse and neglect. In Kachin State and northern Shan State, approximately 100,000 people remain displaced by the conflict.3 The provision of water and sanitation facilities is a top priority in both states. The onset of the rainy season will worsen the humanitarian situation, especially as low-lying camps in Rakhine are at risk of flooding. These will exacerbate outbreaks of communicable diseases and the existing global acute malnutrition rates of 3.8 per cent in Kachin and 10.3 per cent in Rakhine.4 Disaster preparedness is urgently needed to withstand the yearly monsoon season (May to October) and the potential for other natural disasters.
Adjusted planned results for 2013
2013 adjusted programme targets
- 680 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 1,500 with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) admitted into therapeutic feeding programme
- 10,600 children under 5 and 4,600 pregnant and lactating women provided with multi-micronutrient supplementation
- 630,000 women and children immunized with polio, measles, pentavalent and tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccines.
- 110,000 people have access to basic health services and quality essential drugs through qualified health personnel
- 30,000 children access lifesaving interventions
- 39,000 families receive two LLINs, and 42,500 suspected malaria cases are tested with RDTs and 17,000 cases treated with antimalarial drugs
- 75,000 IDPs have access to safe drinking water, and have access to sanitary latrines, bathing and washing areas
- 75,000 IDPs gain increased awareness on personal hygiene and are able to improve their hygiene practices with provided items
- 30,000 children (10,000 in Kachin and 20,000 in Rakhine) provided with safe access to community spaces for socialization, play and learning
- 61,000 children (13,000 in Kachin and 48,000 in Rakhine) covered by adequate monitoring and response systems for child protection violations (including grave violations)
- 18,200 emergency-affected primary and pre-primary school children (14,000 in Rakhine and 4,200 in Kachin) accessing quality education through temporary safe learning spaces, with provision for safe water, sanitation and hygiene
HIV and AIDS
- 60,000 emergency-affected people in Kachin State have access to information on HIV prevention, care and treatment
- 1,450 emergency-affected pregnant women and partners in Kachin State have access to HIV counseling and testing
For the remainder of 2013, UNICEF will continue to work with partners to respond to the humanitarian needs of children affected by conflict. As WASH cluster lead, UNICEF will work with ministries and NGOs for improved access to water and sanitation facilities, increased awareness and improved hygiene conditions to reduce the risk of outbreak in water- and food-borne diseases for approximately 75,000 IDPs (of the 179,000 covered by the cluster). UNICEF also leads the nutrition cluster and its programmes will continue to support therapeutic feeding and micronutrient supplementation. To prevent the spread of communicable diseases, UNICEF will provide immunization, lifesaving curative interventions, antimalarial treatment and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs). With Save the Children, UNICEF also co-leads the education cluster, where targets have been increased as displaced children in Rakhine have missed one year of schooling. Forty more temporary safe learning schools will be built in selected IDP camps in Rakhine, local teachers will be trained, and essential learning packages will be provided. Children in Kachin have been accessing school in government-controlled areas, and UNICEF is strengthening its monitoring and reporting of grave violations of child rights in the state. In non-government controlled areas of Kachin, UNICEF is negotiating new partnership agreements to reach children by the end of the year with education and protection interventions. Services to prevent HIV infections among children and adults, and to treat those infected with HIV, have increased due to a re-evaluation of needs.
Results from 2013
UNICEF and partners have been coordinating and distributing assistance to displaced communities in Kachin and Rakhine States, taking account of conflict dynamics and gender-sensitivity. UNICEF and partners have established 10 child-friendly spaces (CFS) in government-controlled areas of Kachin, and access to non-government controlled areas has been limited, though CFS needs there remain high. Through June, 255 water points and 2,662 emergency and semi-permanent latrines were constructed in Kachin. UNICEF and partners have nearly met, and in some cases exceeded, targets for therapeutic feeding and micronutrient programmes, as screening has expanded from IDP camps to neighbouring villages. More than 80 per cent of the targeted population has access to basic health services and quality essential drugs through outreach services in Rakhine only, as access is restricted in Kachin. Peace-building in education was supported through the wider life skills-based education curriculum, and gender mainstreaming is being targeted through education as an issue of communal importance, not only for women. Ninety-three volunteer teachers have been trained, and 26 Temporary Learning Schools have been constructed. UNICEF has been unable to meet HIV/AIDS targets due to lack of funding in the first half of the year.
UNICEF funding requirements for 2013
UNICEF is requesting an additional $4.2 million, bringing its total requirements to $10.4 million to meet the increased humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2013. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to support critical WASH services to IDPs facing increased disease risks due to rainy season flooding. This funding is also crucial to continue to meet the immediate health and nutrition needs of the displaced population, and increase stock-piling of pre-positioned supplies, particularly for WASH interventions. The expansion of teacher training and supply provision is vital to ensure psychosocial support and safe spaces for children in camps, as well as to uphold children’s right to education. Current-year access limitations since February, however, prevent major expansion capacity of child-friendly spaces for non-government controlled areas of Kachin. HIV education and counselling are urgently needed for emergency-affected populations in Kachin State as no funding has been received for 2013.
1 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Humanitarian Bulletin: Myanmar’, Issue: 18 April to 31 May 2013.
2 ‘Inter-Agency Preparedness/Contingency Plan – Rakhine State, Myanmar.’ March 2013.
3 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Kachin Response Plan: Mar 2013–Dec 2013.
4 Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development and Ministry of Health, Myanmar, Myanmar Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2009–2010: Final report, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development and Ministry of Health, Myanmar, Nay Pyi Taw, 2011, p. 67.