Updated January 2014
In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
people in humanitarian situations access water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
children in humanitarian situations benefit from psychosocial support through child-friendly schools/safe spaces
primary school children and out-of-school children (16,800 in Rakhine and 26,000 in Kachin) access formal and non-formal primary education programmes
2014 Requirements: US$22,194,000
Total affected population: 479,000
Total affected children (under 18): 252,000
Total people to be reached in 2014: 479,000
Total children to be reached in 2014: 252,000
Myanmar has made significant progress towards ending six decades of civil war and has arrived at ceasefire agreements with a number of armed groups. Fighting resumed in Kachin State in late 2011, however, which directly affected 122,000 people, including 81,000 who are now internally displaced and living in camps.1 Inter-communal tensions in Rakhine State erupted into large-scale violence and resulted in displacement in June and October of 2012. In Rakhine, over 357,000 people are directly affected by the conflict, including 142,500 displaced persons living in camps.2 In both states, the majority of displaced persons are women and children. These conflicts, compounded by frequent natural hazards, including cyclones, floods and earthquakes, have undermined basic structures, making it difficult for the population to access education, health care, basic nutrition, clean water and sanitation facilities. The protracted displacement crisis has prevented thousands of children from attending school, and has exacerbated malnutrition levels. A survey conducted in Rakhine in December 2012 indicated a global acute malnutrition rate of 14.4 per cent and a severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rate of 4.5 per cent among children aged 6 to 59 months in rural camps.3 In Kachin, assessments have repeatedly shown that morbidity for internally displaced persons and host communities is largely associated with water-borne diseases, including diarrhoea, scabies and skin infections.
2014 programme targets
- 14,000 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted to community-based management programme
- 106,800 children aged 6 to 59 months receive multi-micronutrient sprinkles
- 33,000 internally displaced families are protected from malaria with insecticide-treated nets
- 236,000 women and children immunised with polio, measles, pentavalent and tetanus toxoid vaccines
- 60,000 people in humanitarian situations accessing water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
- 18,000 emergency-affected families benefiting from hygiene and sanitation promotion messages
- 40,000 children in humanitarian situations benefiting from psychosocial support through child-friendly schools/safe spaces
- 16,800 primary school children and out-of-school children accessing non-formal primary education programme in Rakhine
- 26,000 primary school children and out-of-school children accessing formal education in Kachin
HIV and AIDS
- 60,000 people in Kachin have access to information on HIV prevention, care and treatment
In 2014, UNICEF will support the Government of Myanmar’s response to the humanitarian needs of 479,000 displaced and vulnerable people, using a conflict-sensitive approach. Working with partners, UNICEF will support the scale up of life-saving nutrition interventions by expanding the number of health centres offering treatment for SAM and delivering rapid nutrition assessments and aid in villages isolated by conflict. To address the spread of water-borne diseases in both states, water systems will be expanded and maintained and hygiene kits will be distributed, with stocks replenished monthly. The most vulnerable households in Kachin will be equipped with and trained to use ceramic filters, and community-led total sanitation systems will be expanded in Rakhine, with increased attention to gender-segregated bath and latrine facilities. Immunization continues to be a high priority for children under 1 year and pregnant women. As lead of the nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) clusters and co-lead of the education cluster and child protection area of responsibility, UNICEF will continue to coordinate with line ministries and local and international non-governmental organizations to provide essential life-saving and sustaining relief services, with increased investment in monitoring for results.
Results from 2013
UNICEF appealed for US$10.4 million for 2013, and as of the end of October 2013, a total of US$7,752,316, or 74 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. In 2013, UNICEF and partners’ response focused on delivering emergency aid while building local capacities through education, training, and community-led programming. Nutrition screening expanded beyond camps to host communities in Rakhine, as a necessary measure for meeting overall community nutrition needs. While sanitation and hygiene practices in Rakhine were poor before the displacement, a monitoring assessment conducted by UNICEF indicated that 68 per cent of people in urban camps had improved knowledge of safe hygiene practices. Efforts are needed to expand hygiene and sanitation training to rural camps as well. A polio immunization programme in Rakhine reached 300,000 children in camps and villages. Although access to parts of Kachin has been difficult due to conflict and natural hazards, UNICEF supported the building or rehabilitation of temporary learning spaces serving 5,310 schoolchildren. A system for tracking child protection issues and violations was developed with partners and the Department of Social Welfare. Budget constraints and access issues in non-government controlled areas of Kachin prevented UNICEF from meeting health and HIV and AIDS targets.
Results through 31 October 2013
*Sector not Cluster
UNICEF is requesting US$22,194,000 to meet the increased humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar in 2014. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the national response to the protracted displacement crises in Kachin and Rakhine, including critical WASH services and nutritional support to malnourished children. Basic supplies for primary education are also urgently needed, as are holistic approaches to child protection, health and HIV and AIDS, to uphold children’s rights. UNICEF is committed to an all-risk approach in its programming, with particular focus on alleviating suffering in the areas affected by conflict. UNICEF intends to increase its engagement on reducing risks related to frequent natural hazards by supporting and improving local capacity building programmes aimed at increasing community resilience.
1 Total population estimates are based on 2014 planning figures from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Myanmar.
2 Estimates are based on OCHA Myanmar planning figures for 2014.
3 Save the Children, ‘Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) survey,’ December 2012.