Map of Mali
UNICEF photo: In July 2013, children from Bahadou 2 school in Timbuktu, North of Mali, received education kits © UNICEF Mali/2013/Dicko In July 2013, children from Bahadou 2 school in Timbuktu, North of Mali, received education kits

Mali

Updated January 2014

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
107,000

severely malnourished children aged 6 to 59 months receive adequate quality treatment for severe acute malnutrition

450,000

people in the north are provided with secured access to safe water through construction and rehabilitation of water systems

460,000

children affected by the conflict, food and nutrition crises have access to quality basic education and 40,000 (aged 3 to 5 years) have access to early childhood development activities

2014 Requirements: US$74,646,500

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 2,252,0003
Total affected children (under 18): 1,595,0004

Total people to be reached in 20145: 1,017,000 (estimated)
Total children to be reached in 2014: 888,000 (estimated)

The conflict that broke out in northern Mali in 2012 aggravated existing structural crises, including malnutrition and food insecurity. The country is gradually regaining stability, thanks to the international efforts to reinforce security and the new government established in September 2013. The situation in the north remains highly volatile and complex, however. Access to basic social services, which had significantly deteriorated as a result of the conflict, remains extremely limited, and there are an estimated 450,000 people still displaced in and outside of the country.1 Given the anticipated return of these refugees to the north, it will be critical to facilitate early recovery efforts and to support social cohesion and reconciliation. The nutrition crisis, which has added to the already difficult humanitarian situation, is still a significant concern. A predicted decrease in food production in 2014 will likely further exacerbate the ongoing nutrition crisis. It is estimated that in 2014, over 496,000 children (aged 6 to 59 months) will suffer from acute malnutrition, and that 136,000 of these children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).2 To break the cycle of chronic nutrition, and to better prepare for natural disasters, UNICEF will accelerate its efforts to support the government to build the capacity of communities and strengthen their resilience.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 107,000 severely malnourished children aged 6 to 59 months receive adequate quality treatment for SAM

Health

  • Revitalisation of 120 health facilities in the north for improved access to health services
  • At least 95 per cent of 337,000 children under 5 in the north are vaccinated against polio and receive vitamin A and deworming treatment

WASH

  • 450,000 affected people in the north provided with secured access to safe water through construction and rehabilitation of water systems
  • 107,000 severely malnourished children are taught good hygiene practices with their care givers/mothers, and provided with water treatment and hygiene kits

Child protection

  • 350,000 people are made aware of mine risks and unexploded ordinances
  • 15,000 children who are victims or at risk of conflict-related violence, abuse and exploitation have access to referral services and reintegration opportunities
  • 1,500 gender-based violence survivors receive appropriate care and support

Education

  • 460,000 children affected by the conflict, food and nutrition crises have access to quality basic education and 40,000 (aged 3 to 5 years) have access to early childhood development activities

In 2014, UNICEF will support the national response to the needs of populations affected by the conflict in the north, as well as the nutritional crisis. Specifically, UNICEF will support the restoration of basic social services, including the: (1) reestablishment and reinforcement of the national vaccination cold chain system; (2) construction and rehabilitation of water systems to improve access to safe water for 450,000 people; (3) reintegration of 500,000 children into schools through the Ministry of Education back-to-school campaign; (4) improvement of education quality by training teachers, providing supplies and creating temporary spaces; (5) awareness-raising of mine risk and promotion of social cohesion; (6) provision of assistance to separated children and children formerly associated with armed forces and groups to improve access to referral services and reintegration opportunities; and (7) quality improvement of services with a wider geographic coverage for survivors of gender-based violence. In response to the nutrition crisis, UNICEF will continue to focus on SAM treatment, including screening and the promotion of infant and young child feeding. To address the structural causes of malnutrition, UNICEF will intensify its efforts to build resilience at the community-level using a multi-sector approach.

Results for 2013

UNICEF appealed for US$91.9 million for 2013, and as of the end of October 2013, a total of US$34,654,997, or 38 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. In 2013, UNICEF’s response focused on building the capacity of the Government and partners to restore basic social services in conflict-affected areas. Through UNICEF support, access to health services was improved, 240,000 children under 5 were reached with routine vaccinations, 250,000 women of child-bearing age received tetanus vaccinations and measles vaccinations were carried out in outbreak areas. In the north, UNICEF supported the restoration of the education system, which benefitted more than 141,000 students. In collaboration with partners, UNICEF established a monitoring and reporting mechanism on the six grave child rights violations, and provided assistance to children affected by conflict and survivors of gender-based violence. UNICEF also supported nutrition surveys and the national nutrition plan, reaching over 74,000 children under 5 with SAM treatment. Eighty-four per cent of these cases were cured. Nearly 12,000 children with SAM also received hygiene kits and hygiene promotion sessions to address the underlying causes of malnutrition. UNICEF supported the Government’s response to natural disasters and epidemics, including the flooding in Bamako and other regions, which affected more than 25,000 people in 2013. As a cluster/sub-cluster lead, UNICEF facilitated effective coordination in the areas of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and child protection.

Results through 31 October 2013 unless noted.
* The targets of UNICEF and cluster are the same for SAM treatment as UNICEF is the only actor directly supporting the programme while the others support complementary activities        

Funding requirements

Based on the country’s inter-agency Humanitarian Needs Overview and 2014 Strategic Response Plan,6 which will be launched in February 2014, UNICEF is requesting US$74,646,500 to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Mali in 2014. The additional funding will be crucial for UNICEF to support the country’s response to the needs of the women and children affected by the conflict and the nutrition crisis. The early recovery of conflict-affected areas, community resilience-building and social cohesion are all key to the long-term stability of the country.

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1 This figure includes 169,291 refugees (reported by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)) and 283,726 internally displaced persons (reported by the Commission Mouvement de Populations), as of 31 October 2013. From: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Apercu Humanitaire Mali’, 31 October 2013.
2 The estimated number of acutely malnourished children is based on the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2014.
3 The estimated population in the north is 1.53 million, including 873,000 children under 18. There are also an estimated 496,000 acutely malnourished children aged 6 to 59 months in Mali, of which 85 per cent are in the south; 254,822 internally displaced persons; 1,338,441 people at risk of cholera; and 60,000 people at potential risk of floods, with overlaps between these groups.
4 Ibid.
5 These estimated figures do not include indirect beneficiaries benefiting from community/facility-based programmes.
6 Requirements for the Sahel countries are provisional, as inter-agency Strategic Response Plans were under development at the time of publication.