Map of Mali
UNICEF photo: A group of children smile for the camera © UNICEF Mali/2015/Dicko Children at the bank of the Bafoulabe River in the village of Bafoulabe in the Kayes region in June 2015.

Mali

In 2016, UNICEF and partners plan for:
135,000

children under 5 years with SAM newly admitted for treatment

9,960

children under 5 years accessed health care treatment in Kidal Region

150,000

crisis-affected children aged 6 to 15 years accessed quality formal and non-formal education

2016 Requirements: US$33,137,047

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 2.5 million
Total affected children: 1,425,0001

Total people to be reached in 2016: 1 million2
Total children to be reached in 2016: 570,0003

In June 2015, nearly three years after conflict erupted in northern Mali, the Government and armed groups signed a peace accord. The Malian population is yet to reap the dividends of this accord, however, and the rehabilitation of basic social services in the insecure north has yet to materialize. Some 61,920 internally displaced persons (IDPs) remain inside Mali and another 139,0004 Malian refugees are in neighbouring countries. Humanitarian actors continue to play a critical role in supporting life-saving interventions, including by re-establishing basic social services and reinforcing social cohesion through peacebuilding at the community level. The slow-onset food and nutrition crisis remains a major concern, with approximately 180,000 children (aged 6 to 59 months) expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016. Capacity building of communities to respond to and reinforce their resilience against crises, including natural hazards and conflict, remains a priority.

Humanitarian strategy

2016 Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 135,000 children under 5 years with SAM newly admitted for treatment

Health

  • 111,975 children under 5 years in the north vaccinated against polio and measles
  • At least 16,000 children aged 3 to 59 months received four rounds of seasonal malaria chemoprophylaxis in Diré
  • 9,960 children under 5 years accessed health care treatment in Kidal Region

WASH

  • 200,000 affected people in the north provided with access to safe water
  • 18,000 caregivers of acutely malnourished children in targeted areas taught good hygiene practices and provided with water treatment and hygiene kits
  • 60 health/nutrition centres equipped with appropriate WASH facilities (latrines, hand-washing stations and water supply)

Child protection

  • 180,000 people made aware of mine risks and unexploded ordnance
  • 23,000 conflict-affected children accessed referral services and reintegration opportunities
  • 4,000 survivors of gender-based violence received appropriate care and support

Education

  • 150,000 crisis-affected children aged 6 to 15 years5 accessed quality formal and non-formal education

UNICEF will continue to work with partners, including national counterparts, to respond to humanitarian needs and facilitate access to quality basic social services for crisis-affected populations in the north and other vulnerable groups. In the area of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), UNICEF will focus on the rehabilitation of infrastructure to ensure access to safe water for 200,000 people. In education, 150,000 children in 66 crisis-affected communities will be targeted for improved access to quality learning. In the area of child protection, UNICEF will support interventions for survivors of gender-based violence and reinforce the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism. In terms of nutrition, UNICEF will continue to support the expansion of SAM treatment, implement integrated health, education and WASH interventions, and reinforce the coordination capacities of national counterparts. In health, integrated vaccination campaigns will be supported in the three northern regions (Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu) and health facilities will receive essential drugs and medical equipment to support health care for children under 5 years and pregnant women. Where necessary, UNICEF will also support mobile teams in nomadic areas to reach affected populations. UNICEF will continue to support disaster preparedness for flooding and epidemic outbreaks. Ebola prevention and preparedness will also continue, including through strengthening the capacity of health facilities and staff, scaling up hygiene promotion and conducting social mobilization activities.

Results from 2015

As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 15 per cent (US$5.5 million) of the US$37.5 million 2015 appeal, in addition to US$8 million carried forward from 2014. The UNICEF response continued to focus on building national and local capacities to restore basic social services in conflict-affected areas in the north, supporting humanitarian coordination among partners, scaling up the nutrition response, and supporting the Ebola crisis response. Nearly 81,363 children residing in conflict-affected regions of Gao, Timbuktu, Mopti, Segou and Kidal have benefitted from access to formal and non-formal educational programming, including peacebuilding activities. UNICEF provided psychosocial support to 1,325 children and adolescents, and more than 379,000 persons were reached with mine risk education. Some 122,100 individuals gained access to safe water and 74 health and nutrition centres were equipped with appropriate WASH facilities. In collaboration with partners from non-governmental organizations, UNICEF supported routine immunization and treatment of children under 5 years against malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea in areas of the north, and provided 21 health facilities with emergency heath kits, including medicines and equipment. UNICEF continued to ensure quality information and data collection through its support to the National Nutrition survey with SMART methods and ensured timely supply of ready-to-use therapeutic food and drugs to treat 127,104 children affected by SAM in 1,307 community health centres.

Funding requirements

In line with Mali’s inter-agency 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF is appealing for US$33,147,047 to support the country to respond to the needs of women and children affected by the conflict and the nutrition crisis in 2016.

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1 As per the Mali Humanitarian Response Plan 2016 (p. 18), children are actually 57 per cent of the affected population.
2 Mali Humanitarian Response Plan 2016.
3 The number of children to be reached by humanitarian actors is a proportional estimate using the percentage of children affected by crises against the overall number of people to be reached with assistance. The number of children cannot be aggregated considering that the sector programme targets would be overlapping and involve counting the beneficiary population twice.
4 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Data portal: Mali situation dashboard’, 31 October 2015.
5 The emergency sector strategy for 2016 will focus on innovative non-formal strategies for the reintegration of out-of-school children (implementation of accelerated learning / interactive audio education), which have higher implementation costs.
6 Data represents weekly statistics from January to November 2015.
7 Although the original target was calculated at 536,996 during 2015 planning, the target was adjusted operationally. As UNICEF Mali did not undertake a Humanitarian Action for Children mid-year review, the Mali Country Office did not report on the change at that time.
8 This target was not properly calculated at the beginning of 2015, which contributed to problems on reporting achievements. Activities were mainly carried out in Kidal and not other areas. The report is based on data provided by the non-governmental organization IEDA Relief, the only non-governmental organization working in Kidal on vaccination.
9 Low achievement for this indicator is attributed to a delay in the implementation of the measles immunization campaign, which was expected to start in October and will be now rolled out in 2016.
10 The original target was 190 (multi-year target 2014-2016 as per the Humanitarian Response Plan strategic framework). The target for 2015 was 23 to achieve as part of the multi-year framework. This was not reported properly at the beginning of the 2015 Humanitarian Action for Children and Humanitarian Response Plan processes.
11 UNICEF was not able to meet the target due to lack of resources.
12 UNICEF was not able to meet the target due to lack of resources.
13 The target of 250,000 was underestimated.
14 To date, UNICEF has assumed care for all children arrested or detained on the battlefield. Others may have spontaneously demobilized and returned to their communities. Initial planning figures included the latter.
15 UNICEF was not able to meet the targets due to lack of resources.
16 UNICEF was not able to meet the targets due to lack of resources for early childhood development programming.