Updated January 2014
In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
caregivers are made aware of key nutrition messages on essential nutrition actions
children aged 6 to 59 months are vaccinated against measles
people use appropriate sanitation facilities and hygiene practices in cholera-prone areas
2014 Requirements: US$9,194,500
Total affected population: 458,000
Total affected children (under 18): 178,000
Total people to be reached in 2014: 458,000
Total children to be reached in 2014: 176,000
Even after a decade of consolidated peace, the security situation in Liberia remains fragile. In addition to the Ivorian refugee crisis and external security threats in the region, potential sources of concern include land disputes and the high number of unemployed and uneducated youth. The 2012 Comprehensive Food Security and Nutrition Survey (CFSNS) reported that one in five households in Liberia are food insecure and stunting prevalence among children under 5 remains above 40 per cent in border counties. The same survey revealed that only 13 per cent of rural households have access to improved sanitation, compared with 52 per cent in urban areas. Sexual violence against children is very high, with an average of over 130 cases reported every month.1 With the security situation in Côte d'Ivoire improving considerably, many refugees are returning home. The number of refugees has declined, from over 200,000 in 2011 to 58,331 as of October 2013 (55 per cent of these are children). Over 25,000 refugees are living in host communities. Many refugees are expected to remain in Liberia during 2014 due to the uncertain security situation in parts of Côte d'Ivoire.
2014 programme targets
- 2,000 children aged 6 to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted for treatment
- 25,000 caregivers aware of key nutrition messages on essential nutrition actions
- 56,700 children aged 6 to 59 months receive vitamin A and deworming twice a year
- 47,250 children aged 6 to 59 months vaccinated against measles
- 57,600 children under 5 treated with antimalarial drugs
- 64,800 children under 5 with acute respiratory infections treated
- 60,000 people access water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
- 50,000 people use appropriate sanitation facilities and hygiene practices in cholera-prone areas
- 20,000 children access formal and non-formal education
- 16,000 children access psychosocial support
- 25,000 children access improved social services and are safe from violence, abuse and exploitation in communities with community-based protection networks
HIV and AIDS
- 5,000 adolescents and young people aged 15 to 24 access HIV prevention information
As the emergency response moves into the recovery phase, UNICEF is integrating its education, health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and child protection emergency interventions into regular programmes in the four counties affected by the refugee crisis. UNICEF is focused on strengthening government ownership of programmes, with greater involvement of local partners in planning, implementation and monitoring. UNICEF is introducing long-term durable approaches into short-term humanitarian activities. For example, in child protection, UNICEF is strengthening county and district support structures and training government and civil society workers on child protection services to facilitate immediate response when the need arises.
Results from 2013
UNICEF appealed for US$16 million for 2013, and as of the end of October 2013, a total of US$7,597,173, or 47 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. To prevent nutritional deterioration and death, UNICEF supported therapeutic treatment for severely malnourished children and vitamin A supplementation and deworming tablets for children affected by the crisis. To prevent disease outbreaks, more than 200,000 children under 5 were immunized against polio, and pregnant mothers received timely antenatal care services. Health volunteers and teachers received training on malaria prevention, and over 300,000 insecticide-treated mosquito nets were distributed to families. Health care facilities were strengthened through the essential drugs and medical equipment supply. To prevent waterborne diseases, WASH committees were established in 120 communities and community-led total sanitation was triggered in 123 rural communities. Children in 88 schools and health centres have improved access to clean water and safe sanitation following the installation of hand pumps and new latrines. Some 4,000 children benefitted from case management and psychosocial support through child-friendly spaces. Newborn refugee children were registered and provided with birth certificates. UNICEF increased access to early childhood development and primary education services for 9,500 children by renovating primary schools, supplying teaching and learning kits and training teachers. Some 33,000 adolescents and young people were trained as peer educators on HIV prevention. All 15 county health teams received post-exposure prophylaxis kits. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) sites in remote areas provided integrated paediatric AIDS care and HIV testing and counselling services. Community radios supported survival, development and protection interventions by broadcasting key messages on child nutrition, maternal health, WASH and education in English, French and local dialects.
Results through 31 October 2013 unless noted.
UNICEF Liberia is requesting US$9,193,200 for 2014 to provide adequate essential health, nutrition, water and sanitation and basic education services to vulnerable children and women refugees and the host communities.
1 Reported in hospital and police reports between January and September, 2013.