Latin America and the Caribbean
including Barbados and East Caribbean, Bolivia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru
Regional Office 2015 Requirements: US$1,400,000
Country Office 2015 Requirements: US$5,190,915
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is composed of mostly middle-income countries with varying levels of capacity for emergency preparedness and response, along with significant economic inequalities. Recurrent natural disasters undermine substantive development gains and contribute to persistent poverty amongst the most vulnerable. Since the beginning of 2015, major floods have affected more than one million people in three countries: nearly 165,000 in Chile; almost 650,000 in Peru; and just over 185,000 in Bolivia. Of these affected people, one in four were children and adolescents. Prolonged droughts have affected more than two million people in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador. In El Salvador, 195,000 households were directly affected, of which 10 per cent experienced family separation due to labour migration1. In Honduras, 83,229 households, living in 81 municipalities, are considered severely affected by food insecurity2. Several epidemics have also had a serious effect in the region: in the Caribbean islands, chikungunya has spread to other Central and South American countries with 427,144 cases reported between January and July 2015. Cholera, despite a significant reduction of incidence, continues to represent a threat. Between January and July 2015, a total of 20,388 cholera cases were recorded in: Haiti (20,043 cases), the Dominican Republic (344 cases) and Cuba (1 case). Migrating children in Central America continue to face numerous challenges, namely in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, where a total of 18,392 migrating children were registered in the first half of the year. In Colombia, despite positive signs in the peace negotiations, the armed conflict continues to generate human rights violations against children. In these contexts, UNICEF’s Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office (LACRO) plays a key role in preparedness, response, risk analysis, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and resilience building, by providing technical assistance, oversight and capacity-building to 24 country offices and governmental authorities. LACRO has also enhanced the humanitarian action work in the region through active participation in coordination platforms, such as the Risk Emergency Disaster Working Group for Latin America and the Caribbean (REDLAC) and Coalition of Children and Youth for Resilience in Latin America and the Caribbean (CORELAC).
Planned Results, July to December 2015: The LACRO 2015 Humanitarian Plan aims to address humanitarian action, including preparedness, DRR and resilience, mainly through systematic identification of, and support to, key actions in programme sectors of the UNICEF Regional Office. The Regional Office will work with headquarters, country offices and partners on the development and implementation of risk analysis tools to be incorporated in vulnerability and equity analysis processes (e.g. situation analysis). While large-scale emergencies are infrequent in the region, LACRO will support country offices and national authorities in each of the key programme sectors and areas of cluster responsibility to ensure capacity and readiness. The minimum preparedness standards for the Regional Office and the Country Offices will be defined based on LAC regional and country contexts. The role of UNICEF as convener and broker for South-South/horizontal cooperation will be continued and enhanced in order to facilitate knowledge-sharing and the signing of new cooperation agreements regarding humanitarian action, especially DRR, preparedness and response, all based on an analysis of gaps and capacities in these areas and regional priorities. LACRO will assume a leading role, in coordination with OCHA and other humanitarian partners, to ensure that the proposed World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) regional consultation includes recommendations on the protection of child rights through all themes, creating greater awareness, advocacy and networking on these themes in regional structures and in the International Mechanisms of Humanitarian Assistance in Latin America and the Caribbean (MIAH)3. UNICEF-led sectoral working groups (education, WASH, child protection and Nutrition in Emergency) will be strengthened, by ensuring a link between global clusters and the groups at regional and national levels, but also by organizing trainings and workshops to introduce and adopt global humanitarian standards and tools at a national level. LACRO will continue to work with key regional humanitarian partners to strengthen preparedness and DRR capacities at both regional and national levels.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In terms of emergency preparedness and response, LACRO carried out simulation exercises with the country offices and UN Emergency Technical Team’s (UNETE) groups in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua in addition to trainings in Venezuela, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize. A Regional Rapid Response Roster has been created with the active participation of country offices to ensure rapid deployment of staff during emergencies. LACRO also initiated technical support to the Ministry of Health in Peru on the design of their risk-informed programme and to the UNICEF response in Bolivia and Chile. In partnership with the international non-government organisation, Protection through Education (RET), the Regional Office has piloted the Action for Children and Youth Resilience Guide with different sectors in the governments of Panama and Ecuador. UNICEF, in partnership with CORELAC, facilitated the participation of a Peruvian adolescent in the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in March 2015 (in Sendai, Japan), to present the recommendations developed through consultation with more than 17,000 children and youth from LAC. In preparation for the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) regional consultation held in May (Guatemala), UNICEF led the organization of an online consultation with children and adolescents from the region, who identified recommendations with a child rights’ perspective and on the regional discussion on violence and displacement. In June 2015, UNICEF, Plan International and RET rolled-out guidance on Early Child Development (ECD) and DRR, and an online training on how to apply the link between ECD and DRR. UNICEF created a regional and three sub-regional sectoral groups to build capacity of the national nutrition sectors in all countries in the region and developed a standardized tool and definition of preparedness and response capacity for Nutrition in Emergencies. LACRO has also supported the Federation of Organizations of Persons with Disabilities from Central America in drafting a position paper related to disabilities and risk management as an advocacy instrument to be used with national governments and other actors. Technical support has been provided to the development of standards for inclusion, protection and care of persons with disabilities in humanitarian action. In Honduras, UNICEF coordinated a protection cluster and LACRO provided technical support for the development of a strategy to support government efforts in dealing with reception and family-community reintegration for families and unaccompanied children returning to the country. In coordination with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and United Nations’ High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), UNICEF has updated, trained, and applied migration protocols and has provided adequate shelters and infrastructure, according to standards for guaranteeing child-friendly responses. The Regional Office has also supported the revision of the Central American Disaster Reduction Policy and continues to maintain communication and support to other sub-regional disaster management and risk reduction inter-governmental bodies in the region.
Barbados and East Caribbean
Planned Results, July to December 2015: The Eastern Caribbean Area is prone to natural disasters. In 2015, the country office will continue to improve its preparedness level, by updating the Early Warning Early Action system and risk assessment. In partnership with the Caribbean Disaster Management Authority, UNICEF will strengthen the readiness of the education sector. In addition, UNICEF will continue to provide: (i) technical assistance in review of emergency response, lesson learned and capacity building in preparedness planning;(ii) in case of an emergency, psychosocial support for children affected by an emergency (Early Childhood Development kits, recreational kits, tents); and (iii) educational materials (school-in-a-box, school bags and tents) to ensure continued access to education. The main expected results are: (a) increased country capacity and delivery of services to ensure girls and boys have access to safe and secure forms of education and critical information for their own well-being in humanitarian situations; (b) improved country capacity and national systems to promote resilience and strengthen response to humanitarian situations; and (c) increased country capacity and delivery of services to ensure that children’s rights to protection from violence, abuse and exploitation are sustained and promoted in humanitarian situations.
Results to date, January to June 2015: UNICEF continued to improve its preparedness level to respond to emergencies through updating the Early Warning Early Action system and risk assessment in the 12 countries within its territories. The key actions’ checklist was updated to ensure that the office meets the minimum level of preparedness. As part of emergency preparedness for the education sector, an assessment of the school safety planning status in Organisation for Eastern Caribbean States was undertaken. Following the After Action Review, conducted in 2014 in St. Lucia and St. Vincent, and the Grenadines, a capacity development workshop focusing on emergency preparedness and response, was held in St. Lucia. Communication materials on child protection in emergencies were developed to advance children’s rights to protection from violence, abuse and exploitation during emergency situations.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: Drought and floods, with varying levels of intensity, are recurrent in Bolivia. In 2015, UNICEF will work in preparedness by strengthening local capacities at departmental and municipal levels in humanitarian coordination, and to strengthen information systems through sectoral working groups, partners and government institutions. UNICEF Bolivia will continue its support to the emergency response by focusing on the Amazon region. The main planned results are: (i) in education, strengthen the capacity of public institutions to ensure children and adolescents have access to education services in humanitarian situations by installing school tents and through the provision of teaching materials, books and recreational materials in Spanish and indigenous languages; and by providing school transportation; (ii) in protection, ensuring that children and adolescents in emergency situations have access to services for protecting themselves from violence and providing psycho affective recovery in temporary shelters and camps; and the promotion of overall enforcement of child rights in affected areas; (iii) in nutrition, by improving the nutritional status of children under the age of five, pregnant and lactating women; (iv) in WASH, by ensuring access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene through the provision of technical assistance and essential supplies, along with infrastructure in campsites and flooded communities for the most vulnerable population. The approximate number of targeted beneficiaries is: floods: 18,000 adults and 3,000 children; droughts: 40,000 adults and 13,000 children.
Results to date, January to June 2015: Floods between January and March affected municipalities in Pando Department, and severely impacted the daily lives of children. During the response, UNICEF supported the departmental governments in providing immediate support for education and protection, which included: psychosocial support to 1,000 vulnerable children and adolescents; to 150 trained kindergarten and primary teachers; to five municipal governments in their development of Risk Management Plans for the protection of children, adolescents and women and prevention of child rights violations in temporary shelters and camps and the promotion of child rights in affected areas. Support was provided for education: 30 schools were implementing psycho-affective recovery programmes in seven municipalities; the national cluster is in the process of being reactivated; and four sub-national education clusters have Risk Management Plans. In Pando, 1,392 families were victims of flooding and received support from UNICEF in coordination with the Ministry of Water and Environment, including the provision of access to a safe water supply. In the nutrition sector, UNICEF carried out home visits to promote nutrition and hygiene to 430 families affected by the flood. In total, approximately 1,822 families, including 2,200 children under the age of five, were reached with humanitarian support.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, UNICEF will continue to conduct capacity-building activities to strengthen the preparedness level internally, with external partners and with government institutions. In the event of a humanitarian emergency, the country office will support local government to ensure an effective response, particularly in the UNICEF-led sectors. The main planned results include: (i) national and local authorities will have improved their knowledge and capacities an education and protection in emergency situations; (ii) the WASH in emergency platform (GASH) will have been supported in its capacity building and extension process; and (iii) UNICEF will actively participate in the Humanitarian Country Team and its preparedness activities as well as in the coordination of possible emergency response actions.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In June 2015, as part of the preparation phase for the hurricane season, the National Emergency Commission (CNE), with the support of UNICEF, carried out a workshop on the Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. The activity was jointly organized by the Commission, Plan International-Dominican Republic, OCHA and UNICEF. The Education Disaster and Emergency Response Plan was launched in June with 40 technicians from the Regional Offices of the Ministry of Education trained in the implementation of the education sector’s Disaster and Emergency Response Plan. In June, in response to a request from the Ministry of Health, UNICEF contracted a WASH technician to support the national health programme in control of cholera outbreaks among high-risk communities.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, while working on improving internal preparedness in order to respond to any emergency situation by supporting government institutions, particularly in UNICEF-led or co-led sectors, UNICEF Ecuador will continue to support national authorities working on sectoral emergency preparedness and DRR. In the face of increased alerts in 2015, national authorities have requested assistance from the Humanitarian Country Team to support preparedness, response and recovery efforts for the potential eruption of the Cotopaxi volcano and also for the El Niño phenomenon along the Pacific coast region (180 municipalities highly exposed out of 223 in total). There are several other alerts including potential seismic activity of the Reventador and Tunguragua volcanoes.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In collaboration with PAHO (Pan American Health Organization), UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health’s communication campaign for the chikungunya outbreak, which continues to spread geographically and demographically. The total number of chikungunya cases officially registered from the start of the outbreak in October 2014, through to July 2015 is 27,332, with Esmeraldas, Manabí and Guayas being the most affected provinces. UNICEF supported the establishment of a centre for monitoring emergency risks for the Ministry of Education. School-in-a-box kits (with a capacity to cover 32,000 children and 780 teachers) were procured and stored towards the establishment of an emergency contingency stock (first phase) for UNICEF Ecuador. Technical support was provided to the Ecuador delegations to the Sendai conference on DRR and to the regional consultation in Guatemala on the WHS, which UNICEF has been coordinating with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), to support national and local authorities with preparedness for volcano “orange alerts” (Tunguraghua, Guagua Pichincha and Cotopaxi).
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, UNICEF El Salvador will continue to work to strengthen its capacity in preparedness and response to emergencies as well as government and partner capacities, particularly focusing on response to risk scenarios (drought, flooding and earthquake) and migrating children. Specific actions include: (i) the design and piloting of a community-based surveillance model with a view to support the capacity of the Ministry of Health and CONASAN in monitoring the nutritional status of children under the age of five at the community level; (ii) updating the EWEA, as well as the country office protocols for response to different risk scenarios and linked to the National Civil Protection System; (iii) establish a pre-positioning emergency supply plan in coordination with national authorities; and (iv) respond to immediate needs of returning migrant children in government shelters.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In collaboration with the Seraphim Foundation, UNICEF El Salvador has designed, piloted and standardized a community surveillance model of the nutritional status of children, a tool under consideration for adoption by the National Council of Food and Nutritional Security (CONASAN) to monitor the impacts of drought in the country. The country office has reviewed the supply strategy and is in the final stage of designing an induction manual on emergency response targeting 30 local professional staff in the different programmatic areas, to be deployed, in case of emergency. The pre-positioning plan was finalized, including school/student kits to reach 9,200 students in partnership with the Ministry of Education, and with the Ministry of Health, WASH kits to cover the needs of 10,000 children. UNICEF El Salvador has also provided kits to meet the needs of 300 migrating children in government shelters.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, UNICEF will continue to work with partners and government in preparedness and capacity development, and will continue its response to new and ongoing emergency situations (droughts, floods and migrating children crises). The country office will support capacity building through i) preparedness actions in WASH, education, nutrition and child protection in emergency; ii) advocacy actions which will continue with government institutions for the inclusion of child rights in national risk management plans; iii) the participation of children and adolescents to help increase individual and community resilience capacity; iv) advocacy activities aimed at national and local government institutions to promote the inclusion of child rights in policies, programmes and budget for DRR; v) country office support and strengthening of sectoral coordination mechanisms through the WASH, education, nutrition and protection platforms in order to improve the preparedness level for effective emergency response; vi) activities in the area of Education in Emergencies, which will focus on strengthening the violence reduction programming and emergency response in the context of high levels of violence; and vii) strengthening the information management system in emergencies in order to improve access to information and response planning.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In order to ensure the continuation of children’s education during emergencies, UNICEF has provided support to the Ministry of Education with the provision of 140 school-in-a-box kits, benefitting 6,400 children. The kits have been distributed primarily in the areas of greatest vulnerability and more recurrent emergencies, which implies the immediate coverage of 15 of the 22 departments of the country. The country office, in close coordination with government institutions (SE-CONRED) and with the Thematic Group Information Management, has developed training to improve preparedness. Additionally, UNICEF has coordinated with the Humanitarian Country Team to support national authorities with preparedness for contingency plans to respond to disaster situations in the country, specifically in the region near the La Pasion River.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, UNICEF will continue preparedness work to improve the coordinated response capacity with government and partners and will ensure response actions in current and potential emergencies in UNICEF-led sectors. Activities in 2015 include: (i) in the context of the crisis regarding migrant children, trainings will be conducted to consular staff on child protection, human rights, and legal support for repatriated children and their families, including asylum procedures; (ii) development of an online information system allowing monitoring of the family and community reintegration process for repatriated children and their families along with the design of an early warning system on migration; (iii) implementation of the second phase of the ‘Return to Happiness’ methodology, covering 3,000 returnee children in three departments and reaching 100 per cent coverage of the municipalities with higher rates of irregular migration; (iv) in the context of the Government-declared drought emergency (June 2015) affected 161,000 families in 146 municipalities, the country office will support the national efforts on nutritional surveillance for early identification of acute malnutrition cases and the identification and support of WASH interventions in poor rural communities; and (vi) design and costing of an alternative/innovative pathway for secondary education in the context of violence and work by the country office to strengthen violence reduction activities in the Education in Emergency response, also in the context of high levels of violence.
Results to date, January to June 2015: UNICEF supported the capacity-building of the national humanitarian network through trainings and workshops related to Multi-cluster/sector Initial and Rapid Assessment (MIRA) with OCHA, civil-military coordination with the National Emergency Management Agency (COPECO) and the USARMY South4. In the CERF framework for the 2014-2015 drought emergency, 8,717 people (3,548 children, 2,641 women and 2,528 men) living in 53 communities in seven municipalities were supported with domestic filters, the rehabilitation or improvement of existing wells and hygiene promotion in order to ensure access to safe water and the adoption of good hygiene practices. In coordination with PAHO/WHO/WFP, health centres in 13 municipalities are providing appropriate nutritional care with essential medicines, fortified supplementary rations and the support of anthropometric equipment and nutritional control materials for the monitoring the health/nutrition of vulnerable populations. The protection cluster was deactivated and a protection group was created to develop a post-emergency action plan with three areas of work: a) migration and forced displacement; b) humanitarian action in protection, in shelters and humanitarian access; and c) transversal actions: humanitarian workers in violent spaces and accountability. The second phase of the ‘Return to Happiness’5 methodology reached 300 volunteers in the departments of Copan, Comayagua and Choluteca to support actions for 3,000 repatriated children and adolescents.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In 2015, UNICEF plans to work actively in coordination with the UN and other partners, including the Government, to achieve the following results: (i) better coordination and stronger engagement of HCT leadership in preparedness and response; (ii) enhanced preparedness for cluster coordination in the areas of WASH, education and Nutrition in Emergency; and (iii) capacity strengthening to enable UNICEF and partners to make solid contributions to the implementation of MIRA in possible large sudden onset emergencies, in the best interests of children and their families.
Results to date, January to June 2015: UNICEF humanitarian action was focused on supporting the HCT coordination and preparedness mechanism in coordination with the Government. The Government of Jamaica, through the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management, is actively engaged in strengthening a framework for preparedness.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: In addition, ensuring a timely and effective response to eventual emergencies in support to the Government, the focus of the country office in 2015 will be on actions aimed at improving its preparedness level and the inclusion of DRR and resilience into the regular programme such as the (i) incorporation of risk analysis in situation analysis and DRR/resilience in programme planning with Regional Office support; (ii) organisation of an emergency simulation; (iii) establishment and update of emergency communication and fundraising plans; (iv) signature of MoU with National Civil Protection agency with specific cooperation in areas of standards, coordination, training and supplies; (v) roll-out of psychosocial support training and school emergency plans; (vi) development of a special module on psychosocial support to children involved in migration crises.
Results to date, January to June 2015: UNICEF has achieved the following results during the first half of 2015: i) staff were trained in SITAN guidelines with six UNICEF staff participating in a simulation exercise during the regional UNDAC training in Mexico; iii) emergency communication and fundraising plans have been in development; iv) the first ever Memorandum of Understanding with the National Civil Protection Agency covering standards, coordination, training, communication and supplies is under analysis and negotiation in the Interior Ministry; UNICEF held a workshop on Minimum Standards on Child Protection in Emergencies at the Civil Protection Study Week for the Central Region covering nine states; v) 72 civil protection, education and social welfare staff from Oaxaca, Tamaulipas and Tabasco states completed a UNICEF diploma in psychosocial support to children in emergencies and initiated state preparedness plans; 185 teachers and local authorities in five municipalities in the risk-prone mountainous region of Guerrero state were trained to develop participatory DDR school plans with students in 33 schools, directly involving 4,716 children and a total of 139,961 people; and vi) an MoU was signed with a civil society organization specialized in support to migratory populations on Mexico´s southern border to develop a special module on psychosocial support to children affected by migration. UNICEF developed a tool kit and a specialized protocol with an emphasis on the psychosocial aspects of consular assistance to unaccompanied migrant children with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. UNICEF contributed to the training of 150 Mexican Consular staff for the application of the protocol to ensure more sensitive case management and to detect the child protection needs of migrant children apprehended in the United States.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: UNICEF Nicaragua is planning to continue its efforts in strengthening capacities in emergency preparedness and response in coordination with HCT partners, both by supporting government institutions in responding to recurrent emergencies and by being better prepared in order to respond to a potential major emergency. The following results have been planned: (i) more than 90 per cent of UNICEF staff will be trained on the Core Commitments for Children in Emergencies, Humanitarian Performance Monitoring and a Principled Approach to Humanitarian Action; (ii) update the early warning and early response plan; ((iii) update the mapping of the civil society organizations working in emergencies for two autonomous regions on the Caribbean Coast; and (iv) incorporate gender-based violence as a cross cutting strategy within Child Protection in Emergency. At the UN system level (UNETE), simulations are planned at national and regional level as a part of the workplan with the active participation of UNICEF and WFP.
Results to date, January to June 2015: UNICEF Nicaragua continued its efforts to strengthen national capacity for emergency preparedness. As a part of the United Nations Emergency Technical Team (UNETE), UNICEF participated in the UN inter-agency simulation coordinated with the Government institution, Sistema Nacional de para la Prevención, Mitigación y Atención de Desastres. To ensure effective responses in emergencies, UNICEF Nicaragua updated the mapping exercise of partners working in emergency in both northern and southern autonomous regions on the Caribbean coast. In Bilwi, the training of children and adolescents in risk management and emergency (with a gender perspective) was completed in May 2015. In terms of horizontal cooperation, the Bilwi training was shared with the UNICEF office in Peru with the aim to replicate it in Peru. A cultural analysis was completed regarding ancestral practices, techniques and instruments used by indigenous Misquito communities for mitigating risks, to be incorporated in the Ministry of Education’s textbooks on emergency preparedness. Through the partnership between UNICEF, WFP and OCHA, a simulation on a hurricane emergency situation was organized (and facilitated by UNETE) with 29 participants from the regional government, NGOs and UN agencies, allowing familiarization with the process and tools for first response in emergencies.
Planned Results, July to December 2015: The country suffers recurrent droughts and floods, particularly in the Chaco region, with long drought periods (six to nine months) alternating with periods of heavy rains, causing flooding and affecting the livelihoods of the population and the school life of children and adolescents. The native indigenous population is the most affected and vulnerable. In this context, the country office will implement the following preparedness and response actions in education, child protection and WASH: (i) strengthen the local authority capacity to coordinate emergency response plans and implement risk management activities; (ii) strengthen the capacity of teachers to implement the curriculum adapted to emergency situations and to support building resilience in children; (iii) support local authorities to ensure the immediate return to classes and the organization of safe spaces for children after emergencies; (iv) rehabilitate and construct community rainwater harvesting systems and sanitation facilities; and (v) distribute ceramic filters to improve water quality in schools.
Results to date, January to June 2015: Since the beginning of 2015, Paraguay has faced unpredictable severe weather which caused both flood and drought situations, especially in sub-regions of the Chaco. In April, a tornado touched down in the northern region of the country, affecting thousands of people. UNICEF has supported the response with the provision of tents, the guarantee of school services for 1,200 school children, and one month of psychosocial assistance for over 1,300 school children. As planned, UNICEF implemented the following results in education, child protection and WASH: (i) strengthened the capacity of local authorities from the district, Irala Fernandez, to coordinate emergency response plans and implement risk management activities; (ii) organized workshops to strengthen the capacity of 50 teachers to implement the curriculum adapted to emergency situations and to support resilience building for children; (iii) provided technical assistance to the Government in order to ensure the immediate return to classes and the organization of safe spaces for children after emergencies; (iv) constructed community rainwater harvesting systems and sanitation facilities in six schools of the targeted territory; and (v) distributed 20 ceramic filters to improve water quality in schools.
Planned Results, January to June 2015: In addition to supporting the Government in emergency situations, in 2015, UNICEF will continue to work in advocacy and capacity building for government institutions and partner organizations to improve preparedness, DRR and resilience plans and policies. The main planned actions are: (i) advocacy with government institutions for the inclusion of a child rights focus in the National Risk Management Plans and the promotion of children and adolescent resilience through capacity strengthening of national, regional and local governments and other public and private institutions; (ii) advocacy with government institutions for the inclusion of a child rights focus in the definition of policies and budget of the National Risk Management; (iii) strengthening the sectoral coordination mechanisms involving government institutions, UN agencies and NGOs to ensure an effective and timely response to any emergency situation, including possible large-scale emergencies, including the increased alerts for the El Niño phenomenon in 2015.
Results to date, January to June 2015: In coordination with OCHA and in the UNETE framework work plan, UNICEF has contributed to the capacity development of UN staff, including UNICEF’s, the Government’s, and the national humanitarian networks in preparedness and response, specifically in the WASH, education and child protection sectors. In coordination with the Government, the country office has actively participated in the response to the on-going emergencies, achieving relevant results for Peruvian children. In the child protection sector, 300 children from Chosica and Santa Eulalia have received social and psychological support. The country office has contributed to the design and implementation of health and WASH initiatives, ensuring better access to drinking water and school latrines for 500 children in Loreto. Massive campaigns have been carried out using educational materials and radio spots to promote the prevention of health problems that affect mostly children. Approximately 600 health workers have been trained in the prevention of health problems affecting children and mothers during pregnancy and to ensure access to supplies for the communities during emergencies.
UNICEF is requesting a total of US$6.6 million for the Latin American and Caribbean region, of which US$1.4 million is for the regional office to continue strengthening the capacity of country offices in preparedness, response, disaster risk reduction, resilience building and risk analysis. The remaining US$5.19 million is for preparedness and response activities at the country level. The increased funding requirement for the LAC region is to strengthen preparedness activities for El Nino.
1 World Food Programme – ESAF (2015).
2 Government of Honduras, COPECO (The national Permanent Commission for Contingency).
4 The US Army’s service component conducts and supports multinational operations and security cooperation in Central and South America and the Caribbean.
5 ‘Return to Happiness’ is a methodology used by UNICEF in its support for the psychosocial recovery of children and adolescents living in areas affected by armed conflict in Colombia. This methodology is also used as a tool for preventing the recruitment of children and adolescents by illegal armed groups.