Kyrgyzstan map
UNICEF photo © UNICEF/KIRA011/Bell

Kyrgyzstan

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
10,000

people provided with access to drinking water and hygiene kits

3,700

vulnerable children access community-based social services and community spaces for socializing, play and learning

10,000

school and preschool children increase their knowledge and skills on disaster risk reduction and preparedness

2014 Requirements: US$1,285,200

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Humanitarian situation

Snapshot

Total affected population: 58,000
Total affected children: 47,700

Total people to be reached in 2014: 58,000
Total children to be reached in 2014: 47,700

Over one million children in Kyrgyzstan are living in poverty and continue to face social insecurity, poor access to quality services and protection, and vulnerability to disasters. Children and adolescents living in conflict-prone areas may be impacted by renewed ethnic tensions and politically or socially motivated violence associated with a slow political reform and poor economic growth in the country. In addition, ongoing and recent tensions along the Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan border and competition over water and land resources along the Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border leave the local population, especially children, increasingly vulnerable. The withdrawal of international forces from Afghanistan in 2014, and the related closure of the United States transit base in Kyrgyzstan may have a negative impact on the security situation in the sub region. Within this context, UNICEF is working with respective government and NGO partners to increase contingency stocks and implement preparedness activities in the sectors of health and nutrition, child protection (including youth engagement), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and disaster risk reduction (DRR).

Humanitarian strategy

2014 Programme Targets

Health

  • 10,000 children with diarrhoeal diseases have access to life-saving curative interventions
  • Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is prepositioned for up to 10,000 children

Nutrition

  • 10,000 children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months receive multiple micronutrient supplements
  • 2,000 pregnant/lactating women receive multiple micronutrient supplementation

WASH

  • 10,000 people provided with access to drinking water and hygiene kits
  • 3,000 families having access to water kits

Child protection

  • 3,700 vulnerable children access community-based social services and community spaces for socializing, play and learning
  • 2,000 youth and adolescents have safe access to community spaces for socializing and working on conflict prevention in their communities

Education

  • 2,400 school drop outs and children at risk are enrolled/re-enrolled in formal and non-formal education

Disaster risk reduction

  • At least 10,000 school and preschool children in target communities have practiced DRR skills by participating in the DRR events, simulation drills

UNICEF is working with the Government of Kyrgyzstan to ensure support for more than 47,000 children and their families through its humanitarian and regular programmes with the aim of decreasing their vulnerability and building their resilience to disasters, socio-economic risks and insecurities. Working with partners, UNICEF supports the Government in improving the quality of health and emergency care services that contribute to child survival, in implementing child-centred disaster risk reduction and preparedness activities, and in making sure contingency stocks are prepositioned to swiftly respond to emergency scenarios. Given the risk of epidemics – particularly measles and rubella – UNICEF is working to engage communities and expand immunization coverage. UNICEF is also seeking to address malnutrition by ensuring micronutrient supplementation for vulnerable children and women. To address the possible spread of water-borne diseases, UNICEF is prepositioning family hygiene kits, basic family water kits, soap, water purification units and water containers to cover the needs of 10,000 people. In education, UNICEF is supporting the improvement of inter-sector coordination and building the capacity of local stakeholders to identify out-of-school children, enrol them in accelerated learning programmes, provide them with learning materials, and support their transportation to/from school. UNICEF is also working with national partners on finalising and endorsing the Education Sector Emergency Preparedness Plan. UNICEF continues to support government efforts to expand essential services to children and emergency-affected populations through community-based interventions, including youth and child protection networks and through strengthened outreach support mechanisms to prevent family separation. At the same time, DRR interventions focus on ensuring and improving school safety. As lead of the education and WASH sectors, UNICEF is coordinating with line ministries, NGOs and other international organizations.

Results 2014 (January to June)

From January to June 2014, UNICEF worked to increase equity and deliver programmes in health, education, child protection, DRR and WASH, while developing capacity at national and local levels. In health, UNICEF helped over 200 medical workers strengthen their skills in diarrhoea management and prepositioned 8 diarrhoea kits to serve up to 4,000 children with diarrhoea in emergencies. In nutrition, 10,000 doses of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccines were prepositioned for initial response to a potential measles or rubella outbreak. UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health to develop an Action Plan on Nutrition in Emergencies including developing a training module for both medical and community workers. UNICEF has also supported civil society organizations (CSOs) to establish a network to support nutrition activities in emergencies. In WASH, UNICEF prepositioned basic family water kit benefiting over 3,000 families, alongside hygiene kits for 7,000 people and water purification tablets. In child protection, some 2,353 vulnerable children benefited from various community-based social services, including day-care centres and outreach by social workers. Due to intensive capacity-building efforts for social workers and other governmental staff through various workshops and mentoring provided by partners, the coverage and quality of protection/support services is being enhanced. UNICEF is also working to continuously strengthen outreach support mechanisms to prevent family separation, especially in emergency situations. UNICEF-supported youth centres provided an opportunity for more than 7,550 young people, including 3,746 girls, to develop their potential and enlarge networks for employment opportunities through language and computer courses, civic education and livelihood trainings. The actual number of youth exceeded the target because of increased number of activities and services in comparison with past years. In education, the International Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) guides were translated into Russian and will be used to support the education sector’s work on preparedness. UNICEF launched a project for out-of-school children in 8 municipalities in the south and is piloting tools for identification, referral and retention. Some 3,000 children practiced DRR skills in DRR events and fire drills and earthquake simulation exercises, thus increasing their awareness of and resilience to potential disasters. UNICEF carried out emergency preparedness and response workshops for government, NGO partners and staff with a view to strengthening knowledge and skills and identifying specific emergency preparedness activities to be carried out at local and national levels. UNICEF is participating in inter-agency cross-border simulation exercise in partnership in collaboration with OCHA and Ministry of Emergency Situations of Kyrgyzstan.

Funding requirements

UNICEF is requesting a total of US$1,285,200 to support the Government to ensure the well-being of more than 47,000 children and their families in 2014. As of 30 June, a total of US$216,700 ORE funds (or 19 per cent) were available against the appeal. In addition, other non-emergency resources (ORR) were used to develop capacity for more effective emergency preparedness of partners. Additional humanitarian funding will enable UNICEF to efficiently respond to the needs of affected people in critical WASH, health and nutrition, education, child protection and youth and adolescent development programming in case of emergencies and further support the efforts of increasing children’s resilience to disasters.