Iraq
© UNICEF/NYHQ2014-0819/Wathiq Khuzaie © UNICEF/NYHQ2014-0819/Wathiq Khuzaie

Iraq

UNICEF is appealing for US$166.7 million to meet the growing humanitarian needs of children and women in Iraq

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
3,000,000

people have access to safe drinking water

270,000

children/youth aged 6 months to 23 years vaccinated against measles

125,000

children receive learning materials

2014 Requirements: US$166,749,290

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Humanitarian situation

Snapshot

Total people to be reached in 2014: 3,000,000
Total children to be reached in 2014: 1,500,000

Iraq is facing multiple overlapping crises, including a recent surge in violence between government forces and armed groups which has led to the displacement of over 1.2 million people, 50 per cent of whom are children. Since January 2014, some 550,000 people have been internally displaced by fighting centred in Fallujah and Ramadi in the Anbar Governorate. On 9 June, an additional 650,000 people were displaced from Ninewa province and across central Iraq, including Salah Al-Din and Diyala following the takeover of Mosul and other cities by insurgent groups. In August, the assault on Sinjar resulted in the displacement of an estimated 200,000 people from minority groups, most of whom fled in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Population movements remain fluid with additional displacement occurring on a daily basis, while access to basic services in areas controlled by armed groups is decreasing. In addition to the recent upsurge in violence, humanitarian actors continue to respond to the Syrian refugee crisis in the Kurdish region and Anbar Province, as well as to the re-emergence of polio in Iraq.

2014 Revised Programme Targets

WASH

  • 3,000,000 people provided with access to safe drinking water
  • 125,000 children provided with access to WASH facilities in schools and learning spaces
  • 400,000 people provided with sanitation/hygiene kits or other hygiene items

Health / nutrition

  • 60,000 lactating mothers of children 0-23 months have access to IYCF counselling for appropriate feeding
  • 270,000 children and youth 6 months to 23 years vaccinated against measles

Child protection

  • 2,500 reported cases of grave violation verified and referred for support
  • 50,000 children have access to safe community spaces and psychosocial support
  • 8,000 vulnerable children access special protection assistance

Education

  • 125,000 school-aged children have access to education
  • 125,000 children receive learning materials

Social protection

  • 10,000 of most vulnerable families receiving child focused cash transfers

Rapid response

  • 200,000 sudden and multiple displaced families receive essential relief items

Winterization

  • 400,000 children are better protected from risks of winter

Humanitarian strategy

In June 2014, in response to the surge in violence and resulting massive displacement, the Iraq Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and the Government of Iraq revised the Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Iraq, expanding it to cover the entire country. Given the continuously evolving situation, the HCT is in the midst of updating the SRP, which will be launched in mid-September. In the meantime, UNICEF is working on an accelerated scale up of its humanitarian response, focusing on the provision of life-saving emergency supplies and technical support in the sectors of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition, education and child protection. In addition UNICEF is working on supply planning including for winterization, providing child-focused cash transfers to vulnerable families, and working through a Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) to provide essential relief items to highly vulnerable families in transit.

Results 2014 (January to June)

Despite continued insecurity and increasing violence in Northern Iraq, UNICEF and partners have rapidly scaled up their humanitarian response. As of 9 August 2014, UNICEF and partners provided 439,168 people (50 per cent children) with access to safe drinking water, 387,987 people with hygiene materials and information on safe hygiene practices, and 237,302 people with access to adequate sanitation facilities. To reduce the risk of communicable diseases, UNICEF is supporting the Iraqi Ministry of Health to conduct a polio campaign across 13 governorates, including through the procurement of 1 million doses of polio and 400,000 doses of measles vaccines. UNICEF is also supporting the first ever humanitarian airlift of vaccines and essential medicines into the Kurdish Region. UNICEF strengthened its information base for informed decision making and rapid response planning by completing over 200 community based assessments to help highlight priority areas of intervention.

Between June and August 2014, UNICEF led several humanitarian missions to displacement-affected areas throughout Iraq and delivered rapid assistance. UNICEF along with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), delivered five 12 ton trucks of essential relief items during a mission to Ninewa. UNICEF reached an additional 16,000 people displaced in Diyala, Khanaqin with life-saving assistance. As the situation sharply deteriorated in Sinjar, UNICEF scaled up its assistance, delivering life-saving water supplies to over 300,000 highly vulnerable displaced populations within the first week of August.

UNICEF is rapidly scaling up supply and procurement including through airlifting 35 metric tons of urgently needed medical items (such as zinc and vitamin A emergency food rations, oral rehydration solutions, and water distribution kits) to Erbil, and by delivering supplies through the first ever humanitarian airlift to Sulaymaniya.

UNICEF maintains a presence in Baghdad and Basra and initiated cost-sharing agreements with the authorities to address the humanitarian needs of the increasing number of displaced populations in the southern governorates. UNICEF is contributing to strengthening and scaling up coordination through the Cluster system. A WASH Cluster response strategy is being finalized and similar efforts are underway in the Education Cluster. The Child-Protection sub-cluster is implementing an inter-agency assessment as a basis for sub-Cluster prioritization.

Funding requirements

Building on the inter-agency 2014 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$166.7 million to meet the growing humanitarian needs of women and children in Iraq for 2014. As of 11 August 2014, US$103.2 million (62 per cent) was available against the 2014 appeal. UNICEF is grateful for funds received to date and is urgently appealing for additional funds to enable the provision of critical humanitarian needs of affected women and children in the areas of WASH, health, nutrition, protection and education.

* Includes recovery costs.