Iraq
© Naser Mohammed, IRW/Iraq/2014 © Naser Mohammed, IRW/Iraq/2014 Children gather during the hygiene distribution campaign in Al-Fallujah City.

Iraq

In 2014, in Anbar province, UNICEF and partners plan for:
240,000

people to safely access clean water

370,000

children/youth aged 6 months to 23 years to receive immunization against measles

125,000

children to receive learning materials

2014 Requirements: US$19,380,000

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Snapshot

Total displaced population in need: 376,000
Total displaced children (under 18): 188,000

Total displaced people to be reached by July 2014: 240,000
Total displaced children to be reached by July 2014: 120,000

Amidst the many conflicts dominating the world stage, the crisis in Iraq’s Anbar province has virtually gone unnoticed. Since the onset of the crisis in December 2013, insecurity and violence have seen more than 66,000 families flee their homes in the major cities of Ramadi and Al-Fallujah. Over half of the estimated 376,000 displaced people are children. While many people have been displaced, many more remain trapped in areas of active conflict. Families have fled their homes with few personal belongings and some without any documentation. They require basic life-sustaining necessities, access to clean water and sanitation, blankets, clothing and food. Children affected by the violence need protection, access to critical psychosocial services and temporary learning spaces. The intensity and nature of the fighting has significantly constrained the ability of United Nations agencies and other humanitarian actors to reach people in need. Nearly 21 per cent of internally displaced persons have moved from Anbar to other governorates, including Baghdad, Kerbela, Babil, Salah-al-Din, and Kirkuk. In the Kurdistan Region, Sulaimaniya, Duhok and Erbil have also received children and their families. Additional displacements are anticipated in the coming months.

2014 programme targets

WASH

  • 240,000 individuals have access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities
  • 240,000 individuals benefit from  hygiene promotion and supplies
  • 25,000 boys and girls provided with safe clean water, sanitation facilities in primary schools and learning spaces

Health / nutrition

  • 180,000 children under 5 immunized against polio
  • 370,000 children/people aged 6 months to 23 years immunized against measles
  • 1 million of polio vaccine doses and 1 million measles vaccines provided
  • 430,000 individuals benefit from health promotion campaigns

Child protection

  • 42,000 affected children benefit from psychosocial support (80 per cent children under 5)
  • 20 mobile child-friendly spaces created, equipped and functional
  • 10 mobile teams established for protection services for children
  • 600 cases of violation against children verified with 25 per cent referred

Education

  • 125,000 affected children benefit from primary learning and education supplies
  • 420 schools rehabilitated/pre-fabs installed/tents provided
  • 2,000 teachers receive teaching materials

Humanitarian strategy

In response to the recent displacement, the Humanitarian Country Team and the Government of Iraq launched the Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for the Anbar crisis under the leadership of the Deputy Special Representative for the Secretary-General in Iraq. The SRP is designed to support the Government and humanitarian agencies in their efforts to meet the immediate humanitarian needs of people affected by the crisis.1  In 2014, UNICEF will support the Government to mitigate risks of disease outbreaks and the spread of water borne diseases by providing safe drinking water, sanitation services, hygiene promotion and supplies, and by ensuring access to quality life-saving health services for populations affected by the Anbar crisis. This includes vaccination of all eligible children in the governorates against polio and measles, the provision of health and nutrition supplies and the rehabilitation of critical health facilities that were damaged. UNICEF will also ensure that children suffering from rights violations and displacement due to the conflict are attended to and that all school-age children, especially girls, access quality education in a safe and protective environment.

Results since January 2014

UNICEF initially led the response, opening a humanitarian corridor in Anbar, leading the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, and actively contributing in health and nutrition. A US$1 million Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocation and reprogramming of current resources has allowed UNICEF to deliver 800 tonnes of relief to 180,000 affected women, children and their families since January 2014. This includes the distribution of 24,000 hygiene kits for adults and babies, soap, water purification tablets, disinfectant and blankets, including in Fallujah. Internally displaced persons and communities received 145,000 litres of safe drinking water per day through UNICEF-supported tanker trucks. Additionally, UNICEF installed 100 latrines and water storage tanks reaching 240,000 litres capacity, as well as water treatment with purification chemicals. UNICEF also distributed high protein biscuits, 8,000 bed sheets, clothes for children and hypothermia kits, and is leading the polio immunization campaign in Anbar. UNICEF and partners are continuing to conduct rapid assessments of specific needs in all sectors. Needs assessments have been critical to ascertain and prioritize UNICEF’s response to reach the most vulnerable children and their families. All activities will continue with a focus on achieving targeted results by July 2014. Some areas that are inaccessible might become accessible, however, and areas that are currently accessible might become security compromised. Therefore, target figures might change as the situation evolves.

Funding Requirements

In line with the inter-agency 2014 Strategic Response Plan for Anbar, UNICEF is requesting US$19,380,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of 270,000 children and their families displaced from four months of fighting. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to provide life-saving services to those affected by the recent violence and insecurity in Anbar.

1 The SRP does not include the current response to the Syrian Refugee crisis.