Map of Haiti
UNICEF photo © UNICEF Haiti/2010/Dormino

Haiti

UNICEF is requesting US$22 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015.

In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
20,000

children under 5 suffering from SAM receive treatment

70,000

internally displaced persons provided with sanitation services in camps

50,000

disaster-affected people are able to meet basic non-food needs with improved access to services in emergency situations

2015 Requirements: US$22,000,000

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 10 million
Total affected children: 4.3 million

Total people to be reached in 2015: 1.23 million (48% adults)
Total children to be reached in 2015: 750,000 (600,000 under age 5+)

Despite a reduction in the reported number of cholera cases in Haiti in 20141, an outbreak of the disease remains a threat in the country, including an ongoing outbreak of infections in the West Department (the most populous department) demonstrating that continuous efforts are still required to reduce cholera transmission. Haiti was also hit in 2014 by an outbreak of Chikungunya fever, affecting some 64,695 persons, including 5,000 children under age 5.2 As of October 2014, almost 94 per cent of Haitians displaced after the 2010 earthquake had left displacement sites. Out of 85,432 persons still living in the 123 Internal Displaced Persons (IDP) camps in Port-au-Prince area, approximately 12,7733 men, women and children do not have access to appropriate toilets. Despite a reported drought situation in the Northwest Department in early 2014, food security has reportedly improved due to a good spring harvest. Heavy rainfall in November caused flooding in the North and Northwest Departments affecting about 15,000 households as well as crops. This flooding could negatively impact next year’s harvest in these areas, with a resulting decline in household economy and overall nutritional status.

Humanitarian strategy

2015 Programme Targets

Child protection

  • 100 IBESR social workers with capacity on prevention of separation, family tracing, and reintegration equipped to provide psychosocial support
  • 50,000 disaster-affected people receive information about protection risks and how to protect children during emergency situations.

Education

  • 115,000 primary school aged children are sensitized on DRR
  • 2,700 teachers and education inspectors trained on DRR
  • 150 schools in disaster-prone areas are retrofitted/reinforced

Nutrition

  • 20,000 children under 5 suffering from SAM receive treatment
  • 600,000 children under 5 provided with micronutrient supplementation

Health

  • 313,000 vulnerable people receive cholera vaccination
  • 50,000 disaster-affected people have access to appropriate health services

WASH

  • 70,000 internally displaced persons provided with sanitation services in camps
  • 400,000 people in cholera-affected areas benefit from a complete WASH response package
  • Humanitarian WASH sector coordination by DINEPA is effective by end 2015

Social protection

  • 50,000 disaster-affected people are able to meet basic non-food needs with improved access to services in emergency situations
  • 500 extremely vulnerable households benefit from cash transfer to meet their basic needs in emergency situations

In 2015, UNICEF will ensure continuous support to the national cholera elimination plan, supporting six NGO partners and the Government in delivering WASH rapid response and daily surveillance in areas at risk during the dry season (December to May) aiming at reducing the transmission before the rainy season starts in June 2015. UNICEF will continue to work closely with PAHO and the Ministry of Health to undertake a new vaccination campaign targeting 313,000 people. The future of the remaining IDP camps in Port-au-Prince area is not well defined although the Government’s official willingness is to close all the camps by 2015. To attend to humanitarian needs there and to avoid deterioration in living conditions, where there is also an increased risk of resurgence of cholera cases, UNICEF will extend its support to Government (DINEPA4) to ensure appropriate sanitary living conditions for displaced persons. In the area of WASH sector coordination efforts, UNICEF will support the transition of this function to the Government. Information management mechanism and capacity, DINEPA SOP development, rapid needs assessment capacity building and emergency WASH guidelines production will be the main objectives of this support. UNICEF’s nutrition strategy continues to focus on preventing the deterioration of the nutritional situation through micronutrients supplementation (targeting 600,000 children), and on supporting the treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) through capacity building for the Ministry of Health, including monitoring nutritional status and providing treatment for 20,000 children with SAM under-five in 2015. The priority for child protection is to continue strengthening the capacity of the Institute of Social Welfare and Research to better address the protection needs of children during emergency situations at national and departmental levels, as well as raising awareness of the disaster-affected population about CP risks and response measures during emergencies. UNICEF also aims to increase collaboration with the Ministry of Education to promote disaster resilience through retrofitting 150 schools making them more disaster resistant (safe learning facilities); school disaster management; and DRR education. To foster people’s resilience, social protection mechanisms will be implemented in three Communes through conditional cash transfer based on vulnerabilities assessment results and household’s development results.

Results 2014

During the first half of 2014, UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health in its response to the Chikungunya epidemic, including by distributing 10,800 doses of paracetamol for patients.

UNICEF facilitated sanitation services (desludging, hygiene promotion, maintenance and repairs of latrines, decommissioning of latrines) in 135 camps with latrines in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, benefitting some 106,446 people. Through government partners, both international and local NGOs, UNICEF reached 222,582 people with water treatment products and sensitization. UNICEF also supported the nationwide distribution of 17,507 cholera kits at community level and to cholera treatment centres, rehabilitated ten water points and set up 17 temporary emergency water points in areas of cholera outbreak. In education, UNICEF supported training on disaster risk reduction (DRR) for teachers, inspectors and children, and helped to establish an emergency and DRR education unit within the Ministry of Education. UNICEF also supported the roll out of pilot projects testing 14 schools in Port-au-Prince as disaster risk reduction ‘hubs’.

UNICEF continues to work with the United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and in coordination with line Ministries to support the Department of Civil Protection to pre-position multi-sector contingency stocks. UNICEF has also strengthened the WASH cluster by supporting the Government to assume a leadership role in that sector.

Funding requirements

UNICEF is requesting US$22,000,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015. With this additional funding, UNICEF will be able to sustain the level of surveillance and rapid response required for each case of cholera in order to ultimately eliminate the disease. Funding is also required to build the national capacity in responding to crises, as well as to create the conditions for reinforcing resilience in communities. UNICEF aims to leverage the UN transition appeal strategy to strengthen the convergence between humanitarian action and long-term solution.

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1 Since the beginning of the cholera outbreak in October 2010, there have been 712,330 suspected cholera cases, and 8,655 cholera deaths reported as of 1 November 2014. There was a significant decrease in cholera cases in 2014: 14,869 suspected cases and 132 deaths for the year as of 1st November 2014, compared to 49,099 suspected cases during the same period in 2013.
2 Ministry of Health, June 2014
3 IOM, DTM October 2014
4 The National Directorate for Water and Sanitation
5 As of 21 November 2014.
6 In addition, medical supplies for 50,000 people in 10 departments has been pre-positioned.
7 There are 6,909 direct beneficiaries from pilot projects, but about 115,000 additional students indirectly benefiting from training, thanks to the training of 2,300 teachers who are able to deliver key messages.