UNICEF is requesting US$19 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in Haiti in 2015.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children under 5 suffering from SAM receive treatment
people living in high-risk areas receive cholera vaccination
unaccompanied and separated children benefit from family tracing and reintegration follow-up
2015 Requirements: US$19,134,343
Total affected population: 10 million
Total affected children: 4.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2015: 1.6 million
Total children to be reached in 2015: 1.05 million
The cholera epidemic in Haiti continues to be the largest in the Western Hemisphere. With 18,114 suspected cases registered since 1 January 2015, compared to 6,000 recorded for the same period in 2014, the risk of a major outbreak occurring is higher than last year. While the overall number of people living in displaced camps in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince has dropped to approximately 65,000, living conditions in the remaining sites remain harsh and represent a serious sanitary risk, especially during the hurricane season. The majority of the Haitian population still lacks access to both improved water sources and improved sanitation facilities. Severe drought is also putting 660,000 people at risk of food insecurity and is having a profound impact on children. Signs of malnutrition are already visible in the affected departments, suggesting that approximately 17,000 children will need immediate, life-saving therapeutic feeding and 68,000 will require supplemental feeding to prevent a deterioration of their condition. Given the worsening food security situation and subsequent degradation of the nutrition status among children, and the high cholera prevalence and drought, UNICEF has increased the total number of children to be reached in its humanitarian response for 2015 from 750,000 to over 1 million. The tropical hurricane season, the ongoing deportation from Dominican Republic (DR) which could affect up to 250,000 people, and the upcoming electoral period could exacerbate the current situation.
Humanitarian strategy (July to December 2015)
Revised 2015 Programme Targets
- 200 social workers with skills in prevention of separation, family tracing and reintegration, equipped to provide psychosocial support
- 300 unaccompanied and separated children benefit from family tracing and reintegration follow-up
- 20,000 primary school-aged children are sensitized on DRR
- 40 structural engineers and Ministry of Education officers are trained on seismic risk assessment for schools and DRR
- 25 schools in disaster-prone areas are assessed
- 20,000 children under 5 suffering from SAM receive treatment
- 540,000 children under 5 provided with micronutrient supplementation
- 313,000 people living in high-risk areas receive cholera vaccination
- 85,000 internally displaced people provided with sanitation services and people of Haitian origin (who have been deported from DR) benefit from WASH support
- 450,000 people in cholera-affected areas benefit from a complete WASH response package
- 125,000 people in drought-affected areas are supported with emergency water access interventions
Cholera still requires a robust and rapid response: every suspected case will be investigated and treated through rapid joint WASH-health interventions in order to prevent any further transmission. Following the end of the regularization plan for foreigners in the DR, cross-border displacements have been reported. UNICEF provides technical and financial support to the Brigade of Child Protection (BPM) and the Institute of Social Well-being and Research (IBESR) along the border, to ensure an immediate response and support to the separated or unaccompanied children, including family reunification. UNICEF also supports the National Directorate for Water and Sanitation (DINEPA) to improve access for vulnerable populations to WASH facilities, and to identify and develop sustainable solutions for the remaining IDP camps. UNICEF supports the Ministry of Health (MoH) in screening people crossing the border at official entry points and ensuring routine vaccination of children. Malnourished children will continue to be supported through community-based management of acute malnutrition and the delivery of micronutrient supplements. Essential drugs are being provided to treat complications among children with malnutrition and other childhood illnesses related to malnutrition. As the drought impact is likely to exacerbate the incidence of childhood malnutrition, UNICEF is providing support to the MoH to screen and treat children suffering from malnutrition, or those children at risk in the four departments affected by the drought. As Haiti is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the Caribbean, UNICEF will continue to maintain contingency stocks to allow rapid assistance in health, nutrition, water and sanitation, protection, and emergency education. UNICEF Haiti will continue to support and work in close collaboration with national and local authorities including the Haitian Civil Protection Agency, DINEPA, and the MoH for rapid assessment and disaster risk reduction awareness campaigns in schools.
Results to date (1 January to 30 June 2015)
With the MoH, UNICEF conducted a vaccination campaign against diphtheria reaching over 38,000 people including over 16,000 children, as well as an immunization campaign against measles for children under-five, who had been deported. A total of 1.6 million people were reached through awareness campaigns on cholera prevention practice, and over 100,000 people living in cholera-affected areas benefited from improved access to water and sanitation. UNICEF and partners provided access to water and sanitation to 60,800 internally displaced people and more recently to deported people from DR. Almost 340,000 under-five children received micronutrient supplementation and 5,200 children with acute malnutrition were successfully treated. UNICEF has trained 142 social workers in child rights, psychosocial support, and in the prevention of separation, family tracing and reintegration. UNICEF supported the deployment of IBESR officers at border entry points to identify the protection needs of deported children from DR.
UNICEF is supporting local organizations in charge of hosting and caring for unaccompanied children, while working on family reunification.
UNICEF promoted Disaster Risk Reduction through training of 40 engineers and Ministry of Education officers on seismic risk assessment of schools in disaster-prone areas. To support its humanitarian intervention in nutrition, education and child protection, UNICEF Haiti has used its own resources (including US$6 million carry-forward from 2014).
UNICEF Haiti’s funding requirements have been revised downwards from the original 2015 request of US$22 million, to US$19.1 million. Of the US$4.3 million funds received in 2015, UNICEF will be able to sustain cholera surveillance and rapid response, continue treatment of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition, and assist children and vulnerable populations, including the people deported from the Dominican Republic. Additional funds are required to better prepare and increase resilience of communities and families to severe shocks. Haiti’s Humanitarian Coordinator has recently launched an Emergency Needs Appeal in which UNICEF will focus its support on WASH, child protection, nutrition and emergency preparedness.