Eastern and Southern Africa
including Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland
Country Office 2015 Requirements: US$11,799,343
Regional Office 2015 Requirements: US$4,094,000
Eastern and Southern Africa continues to face multiple humanitarian crises such as cyclical drought and flooding, epidemics, acute malnutrition, insecurity and conflict. Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar experienced significant flooding in the first three months of 2015 resulting in disease outbreaks and displacement. In Malawi, massive flooding along the Shire and Ruo rivers displaced over 170,000 people1. In Mozambique, flooding resulted in 163 deaths, and affected 408,862 people, which included the displacement of 68,000 people. The flooding in Madagascar resulted in 25 deaths and left more than 40,000 people displaced.2 The floods also gave rise to cholera in both Malawi and Mozambique resulting in over 11 deaths in Malawi3 and over 64 deaths in Mozambique4.
People living in the Horn of Africa are increasingly becoming more vulnerable due to insecurity and erratic climatic conditions, with pockets of acute food insecurity and emergency-level malnutrition expected in the coming months. The implications of the expected El Nino weather patterns are likely to result in flooding along key rivers in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia. A number of countries in Southern Africa are experiencing a serious drought situation, especially southern Zimbabwe, Botswana, north-western South Africa, Malawi, Namibia and southern Angola. During April 2015, South Africa experienced an upsurge in civil unrest, which also included xenophobic attacks in parts of the country. At the peak of the crisis, over 7,000 people5 were displaced in different provinces of South Africa. Between April and June, over 144,000 people6 from Burundi, largely women and children, sought asylum in neighbouring countries as a result of unrest stemming from political developments. As of the end of June 2015, the United Republic of Tanzania is hosting approximately 53,000 new arrivals from Burundi, Rwanda is hosting 30,000, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is hosting 10,000, and Uganda is hosting 7,000 refugees. Due to the ongoing crisis in Burundi, it is expected that the number of people seeking asylum in neighbouring countries will rise. The scale and complexity of the crisis in South Sudan continues to expand with over two million people having fled their homes, which includes 1.6 million displaced inside the country and more than half a million people, largely women and children, having fled to neighbouring countries.7 The outflows of Somalis and Yemenis back into Somalia, due to the ongoing crisis in Yemen, is further compounding an already fragile situation.
Planned Results from July to December 2015: During the next six months, the focus of the Regional Office will be on the drought situation in parts of Southern Africa, the potential political crisis in Lesotho, the increasing vulnerability of people in the Horn of Africa, given the El Nino forecasted implications on food and nutrition, while maintaining support to the two crises in and around Burundi and South Sudan.
Results to date (January to June 2015): The first six months of 2015 has witnessed an increase in humanitarian crises within the Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR). Country Offices have effectively maintained an adequate level of preparedness for Ebola with support provided from the Regional Office. In South Sudan, surge support was provided to establish a disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme for more than 1,750 children formerly associated with armed forces in Jonglei and supported in developing a strategic implementation framework for the Back-to-Learning strategy. The nutrition scale-up plan, developed with the support of the Regional Office, has created an important momentum for an enhanced service delivery system for emergency nutrition as reflected by the sharp increase in Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) programme coverage and timely nutrition information available for responding. UNICEF has signed an agreement with UNESCO to roll out the capacity development strategy on incorporating safety, resilience and social cohesion in education sector planning in all 21 ESAR countries with special attention and support given to South Sudan. In Malawi, surge and technical support was provided for the response and recovery phase of the floods’ emergency. Technical assistance has been provided to support the countries affected by the Burundi Crisis and a cross-border mechanism to prevent trafficking and harmful movement of children by unregulated institutions was established. Preparedness measures for the Burundi Crisis began early in the year through capacity building and strategic inter-agency planning.
A Regional Health in Emergencies training was provided to over 40 UNICEF and government staff from the region to strengthen the capacity of health professionals to manage health related aspects of humanitarian crises. Joint UNHCR-UNICEF missions to refugee-hosting countries neighbouring South Sudan have helped identify key areas that will be more effectively addressed through a regional intervention that includes youth learning and livelihoods, girls’ education, children with disabilities, and pre-primary education. UNICEF East and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO), in collaboration with the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the World Food Programme (WFP) Regional Offices, presented to regional donors the Regional Support Plan for the Horn of Africa Food Security and Nutrition Emergency Preparedness and Response (covering Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Sudan and Djibouti), which outlines the key priorities from the inter-agency country action plan in the Horn of Africa. Country Offices have been supported in designing and implementing action research for improving water security for the most vulnerable people. ESARO is also supporting the review of resilience analysis and measurement methodologies and the development of appropriate resilience training modules.
In addition to the support provided to the countries affected by the Burundi and South Sudan Crises and the flooding in Mozambique, Madagascar and Malawi, additional multi-sectoral technical support by the Regional Office has been provided to South Africa, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya.
Planned Results from July to December 2015: For the remainder of the year, UNICEF Angola with government and other strategic partners, will support the strengthening of community-based management of childhood diseases, with a focus on identifying and treating children with SAM and ensuring their adequate access to safe water and continued training of health workers. UNICEF will also ensure emergency preparedness efforts are in place ahead of cyclical drought and other natural disasters through ongoing support to the UN Disaster management team with sensitization and orientation of communities and administrative leaders on emergency planning and social inclusion planning and strengthening of the early warning and integrated disease sentinel surveillance system.
Results to date (January to June 2015): UNICEF Angola appealed for US$3.2 million for 2015. As of 30 June 2015, a total of US$700,000 has been received. UNICEF Angola is revising its 2015 requirements downwards to US$2 million following the achievement of results in nutrition, health, WASH and Communication for development, and an increased focus on recovery and resilience efforts moving into 2016. UNICEF was able to leverage other donor grant and non-grant resources to reach the majority of its targets, with a focus on the most affected provinces Namibe and Huila, in coordination with the Government and other partners. The southern part of Angola, including the provinces of Cunene, Namibe, Kuando Kubango, Huila, and southern parts of Benguela, are facing a severe drought which is significantly impacting the 2015 harvest. UNICEF-supported rapid nutrition assessments in areas of concern reported very high malnutrition levels for children under-five with Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates above the 15 per cent emergency threshold, particularly in Cunene, Namibe and Huila. For example, in Cunene GAM was recorded at 17.2 per cent and SAM at 5.6 per cent. UNICEF has screened 489 children under five for acute malnutrition and has provided these children with deworming tablets and vitamin A supplements. UNICEF has also provided 177,250 people in high-risk, drought-affected communities living in remote and difficult-to-reach areas, with safe water as well as improved sanitation and hygiene promotion messages. Forty eight community and administrative leaders have been orientated on support to emergency and social inclusion planning.
Planned Results from July to December 2015: UNICEF is appealing for US$1.5 million to respond to the impact of the drought which has left 84,000 people in need of urgent assistance. Lesotho has been included in the mid-year review of the HAC as a result of increasing political tension, which has the potential to affect over half of the country’s population. In addition, under the leadership and coordination of the National Disaster Management Authority, and in alignment with existing contingency and response plans, UNICEF will seek to address the immediate humanitarian needs arising from the impact of the drought, which include the provision of nutritional services to 2,000 children aged 6 – 59 months and the provision of safe water to 2,500 people, especially for the most vulnerable which includes women and children. In preparedness for the displacement of people resulting from civil unrest, and in coordination with the Government of Lesotho, UN agencies and all key stakeholders, UNICEF will assist 84,000 children with vitamin A supplementation and 30,000 people in accessing health care facilities. Approximately 2,000 children will be enrolled in psychosocial activities while 10,000 HIV positive pregnant women will continue to receive anti-retrovirals (ARVs) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission. In the even that timely funds are received, UNICEF, working alongside the Government and key partners, will be able to realize the 2015 targets by the end of the year.
Planned Results from July to December 2015: In the second half of the year, UNICEF will continue with its drought response in the south of the country and will continue preparedness efforts for the 2015/16 cyclone season, whilst meteorologists predict the continuation of heavy rains due to the El Nino effect. UNICEF will continue to work with the Government, UN agencies and partners to deliver on the remaining nutrition, health, WASH, child protection and education 2015 targets.
Results to date (January to June 2015): UNICEF has revised its original appeal of US$1.8 million to US$4.9 million as of mid-year in order to respond to additional humanitarian needs associated with various natural disasters and in preparation for the upcoming cyclone season. As of 30 June, over US$400,000 has been received against the original appeal. Despite the limited funding, UNICEF has been able to respond to over 30,000 Malagasy people who were displaced following tropical storms Chedza and Fundi and subsequent floods, with life-saving supplies. A total of 20,400 school aged children were assisted with access to quality education, while over 2,000 children are accessing safe community spaces. A response to the drought in the southern part of the island has been launched to meet the needs of 200,000 people facing significant food insecurity. Five polio cases have been identified and mass campaigns are under way to raise awareness to prevent polio amongst at-risk populations. All children under-five, approximately 78,000, received lifesaving support in seven of the most vulnerable regions affected by natural disasters.
Results to date (January to June 2015): UNICEF’s initial appeal for humanitarian requirements for 2015 of US$2.8 million has been revised and reduced to just under US$2 million. As of 30 June 2015, the appeal is fully funded. This downwards revision is based on the outcome of the response to the floods and cholera outbreak and the fact that preparedness is already in place for any potential outbreak to cover the next six months. Many of the 2015 targets have already been met. On 12 January 2015, the Government of Mozambique activated the institutional red alert as a result of the heavy flooding in the northern Zambezia and Nampula provinces giving rise to cholera outbreaks. The floods disrupted basic services, health, access to water, education, and food and shelter, which affected a total of 408,863 people and resulted in 163 deaths (134 of which were in Zambezia). UNICEF worked with the Government and partners to implement the national Multi-Sector Response Plan. UNICEF provided material and technical support for the establishment of the cholera treatments centres, the development of the cholera multi-sectorial plan, and the provision of cholera medication for multi-sectorial coordination. UNICEF supported 63,000 flood-affected people in accessing safe water and sanitation. As the floods occurred during the beginning of the school term, UNICEF provided tents and learning kits for 23,760 students. Community radio stations in the affected areas were supplied with generators and support to produce and broadcast radio programmes with key life-saving messages, which reached 39,000 families. Basic health kits were distributed, benefitting a total of 10,896 people. Nutritional supplements were provided to 3,130 children under five, with partners providing additional support as required. UNICEF also provided 400 vulnerable families with kits comprised of household utensils (cups, plates, spoons, buckets, sleeping mats, torches, cooking pots, soap bars and blankets) to assist with their recovery from the disaster.
Planned Results from July to December 2015: For the remainder of the year, UNICEF will continue to work with the Government and key partners to realize the 2015 targets, particularly for WASH and nutrition. In the event that funds materialize, UNICEF will work towards ensuring 680,000 people have access to safe water in the five most affected northern regions, of which 68,000 will also have access to improved hygiene practices. Efforts will continue to establish functioning Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System, developed by the Directorate for Disaster Risk Management and Ministry of Health and Social Services with support from WFP and UNICEF, in the remaining 8 regions, to inform policy and programme response.
Results to date (January to June 2015): UNICEF’s 2015 appeal for humanitarian requirements is US$1 million, of which no contributions have been received to date. The 2014/15 rainy season was sub-optimal due to late onset, prolonged mid-season dry spells and lower than normal rainfalls. Overall, food security conditions are expected to deteriorate due to: poor harvests; rising market food prices; low market values for livestock; a drop in the number of households owning livestock; depleted household food stocks resulting in continued use of coping strategies, such as limiting the number of meals in a day; and poor household dietary diversification. UNICEF has conducted a training of regional disaster risk management teams and regional health units in Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies. Approximately 1,000 regional Disaster Risk Management personnel have subsequently been trained by 53 trainers who received training of trainers from UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). UNICEF partnered with the Namibian Red Cross Society (NRCS) in May 2015 to support communities with water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions. UNICEF and partners have supported the ongoing food security and nutrition monitoring systems in six regions of the country. Due to a shortage of complex minerals and vitamins (CMV) and Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), the Government requested UNICEF’s support to procure 67 boxes of CMV and 500 boxes of RUTF. Therapeutic food supplies have been distributed to 35 hospitals for treatment of severe acute malnutrition. UNICEF was able to support emergency preparedness and response activities by utilizing carry-forward funds available from 2014 and reallocating funds from other resources to meet additional funding gaps.
Planned Results from July to December 2015:Through to the end of the year, UNICEF and leading UN agencies will support the National Disaster Management Authority in implementing a simulation of the EiERP, which directly addresses key areas of education, health, nutrition and WASH. The National Disaster Management Authority develops and regularly updates plans and uses early warning systems to improve forecasting and safeguarding against disasters.
Results to date (January to June 2015): UNICEF Swaziland worked closely with the Ministry of Education Emergency Preparedness Response team to develop the Education in Emergency Response Plan (EiERP) and the National Framework 2015-2020, through a participatory process. The EiERP and National Framework provides a comprehensive and standardized functional system and coordination mechanism for monitoring, assessing and evaluating disasters that take place in schools in an effort to prevent and mitigate the effects of natural disasters. The final EiERP is currently awaiting validation by the Ministry of Education for roll out. The implementation plan includes a Training of Trainers of approximately 20 school inspectors who will in turn train head teachers and teachers to develop a local contextualized EiERP for their own schools. Additional funding will contribute to the successful and wide dissemination of the Plan to all primary and secondary schools, as well as the development of appropriate child-sensitive communication materials for children and schools, as well as communities.
UNICEF’s original funding requirement for 2015 was just under US$13 million. The funding requirement was increased to US$15.8 million with the addtiion of Mozambique, and is increasing again as part of the mid-year review to US$15.9 million with the addition of Lesotho. The revised requirements includes US$11.8 million to respond to humanitarian programmes in Angola, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland. To date US$6.5 million is available from funding gratefully received from donors in 2015 (including funds received in late 2014 and carried forward into 2015). Additional support is required for the Regional Office to continue supporting at-risk countries in the region through surge missions, technical support and capacity building. This funding may be used to prepare for and respond to situations in the region that are not included in a separate chapter of the Humanitarian Action for Children 2015 and may not benefit from other interagency flash appeals to respond to small or medium scale emergencies.
Country-specific funding requirements
Regional office funding requirements
1 UNICEF Sitrep, Malawi, 23 January 2015.
2 SADC, Meeting of Ministers Responsible for DRM and Misters of Finance, 26 June 2015.
3 UNICEF Sitrep, Malawi, 25 June 2015.
4 UNRCO Sitrep, Mozambique, 24 April 2015.
5 UNICEF Sitrep, South Africa, 22 April 2015.
6 UNICEF Sitrep, Burundi, 1 July 2015.
7 UNICEF Sitrep, South Sudan, 2 July 2015.