Eastern and Southern Africa
including Angola, Burundi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland
Country Office 2015 Requirements: US$11,691,000
Regional Office 2015 Requirements: US$4,094,000
The humanitarian context in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region continues to be shaped by high levels of chronic vulnerability, conflict and displacement, food and nutrition insecurity, climate variability, epidemics, and pockets of political instability that negatively impact children and women. The conflict in South Sudan has led to mass displacement, critical levels of food and nutrition insecurity and widespread violations of human rights. This crisis has also led 478,109 people1, more than 70 per cent of whom are children, to seek asylum in neighbouring countries including Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya. In addition, the region hosts an estimated one million refugees from Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In 2014, the Horn of Africa experienced another episode of heightened food and nutrition insecurity. While it is not, at present, an acute regional food and nutrition crisis, the situation is urgent with some areas in a state of chronic crisis with pockets of acute food insecurity and emergency-level malnutrition. The political environment in the Great Lakes Region has the potential to create significant, internal and cross-border population displacement, giving rise to acute protection concerns, especially for children and women. The situation in Somalia deteriorated in 2014 with more than 1 million people requiring live-saving assistance due to chronic vulnerability, nutrition insecurity and conflict. Regular cycles of flood and drought, as well as other hazards, require continued investment in preparedness across the region; and support is needed for building resilience of communities and systems at national and sub-national level. Ebola preparedness will continue to be a priority for the region until the outbreak in West Africa is contained.
2015 Planned Results: The Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO) will continue to support Country Offices in high and medium risk contexts by providing technical assistance, surge support, capacity building, humanitarian performance monitoring, coordination and regional information analysis. Priorities for 2015 will include: ongoing support to the South Sudan crisis and its regional dimensions; nutrition insecurity in 6 countries of the Greater Horn of Africa; preparedness and response to internal and cross-border displacement in the Great Lakes Region; Ebola preparedness and preparedness and response to seasonal risks across the region. ESARO will continue to work with key partners at the regional level and provide technical support and capacity building on resilience, humanitarian preparedness and response to UNICEF Country Offices throughout the region in child protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH. The Regional Office will continue to roll out the emergency education strategy which includes school safety, resilience and social cohesion working in cooperation with UNESCO. ESARO will provide WASH support to UNICEF Country Offices through capacity building, knowledge management, urban engagement, and enhanced monitoring, especially by ensuring linkages to sustainability and accountability. Support for child protection in emergencies, especially for cross-border displacement, will continue to be a priority. ESARO will support the strengthening of nutrition information systems and scale-up of nutrition response in line with the inter-agency Emergency Nutrition Preparedness and Response Strategy for the Horn of Africa. Support will also be provided for nutrition surveys as well as immunization and management of cholera outbreaks in high-risk countries. ESARO will continue to support the implementation of the Intergovernmental Authority for Development in Eastern Africa (IDAG)-led Horn of Africa resilience strategy, working through the Resilience Analysis Unit (RAU) with FAO, UNDP and WFP to support analysis and measurement, and with Country Offices to integrate resilience into UNICEF programmes.
2014 Results: ESARO appealed for US$2,735,000 and as of mid-November a total of US$2,176,760 (80 per cent) was available against the total appeal (of which US$1,480,039, or 54 per cent, represents carry-forward funding from 2013). ESARO has continued to support the South Sudan Crisis through regional coordination; development of communication and advocacy strategies; piloting cross-border child tracing; scaling up food security, WASH and nutrition programming; and support to management of cholera and measles outbreaks. Through engagement with WFP and UNICEF Country Offices and national authorities in Uganda, Burundi, Madagascar and Rwanda, ESARO has supported government-led disaster related policy development and preparedness initiatives that include national simulation exercises. ESARO has brought together inter-agency partners from the Great Lakes region to improve coordination on child protection in emergencies. Humanitarian Performance Monitoring Systems have been supported in six countries.With FAO, UNHCR and WFP, UNICEF has developed an inter-agency approach to scaling up responses to food and nutrition insecurity in the Horn of Africa. Country teams have developed integrated programme scale-up plans and a regional support plan has also been developed that will guide joint action in 2015. ESARO has supported the development of a joint resilience framework and approach for use in Southern African countries. The IGAD-led Resilience Analysis Unit (RAU) project has been launched and a regional review of adaptive basic social services was completed and disseminated.
2015 Planned Results: Due to seasonal droughts in Angola, potable water continues to be a serious concern, primarily in Namibe province. UNICEF is working with the Government of Angola and partners in implementing the national Multi-sector Response Plan and will start supporting the response in the province of Namibe through the rehabilitation and maintenance of water points, as well as household water treatment, and implementation of sanitation and hygiene education programmes to benefit 40,000 people. In addition, support will go to critical life-saving nutrition interventions for the integrated management of acute malnutrition, to providing vitamin-A and deworming tablets, and promoting infant and young child feeding practices through the screening of 430,000 under-5 year olds for acute malnutrition and 33,000 children under-5 receiving measles vaccinations. Support will also go to community-based management of childhood diseases, in close coordination with the nutrition component; to working closely with national and subnational stakeholders to strengthen national capacity on child protection in emergencies; to advocating with Government about Emergency preparedness, ensuring that all schools in the affected areas have access to school feeding programs, water supply and hygiene practices; and to work with municipalities and school directions on back to school campaign and school retention initiatives.
2014 Results: In 2014, UNICEF appealed for US$5 million to respond to critical humanitarian needs in Angola. As of 30 October 2014, US$1.56 million (or 31 per cent) of the appeal had been funded. UNICEF supported the Government of Angola in its scale-up of integrated management of acute malnutrition, including the opening of four new inpatient and 97 new outpatient therapeutic programme centres in Huila and Cunene provinces, treating 15,163 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM). Over 444 health staff and 229 community mobilizers were trained to deliver key WASH messages, and 32,000 people and livestock in the affected communities benefitted from the rehabilitation of eight water points, and from the construction of water supply solar systems. Over 40,000 people have been exposed to community-led total sanitation methodologies and key messages, delivered in partnership with local government and NGOs. Child Protection Communication for Development (C4D) materials were developed, and 18 advocacy meetings on prevention of infant malnutrition, water treatment, hygiene and child protection were realized in nine municipalities of Cunene and Huila provinces, allowing for training of 630 community leaders (religious and traditional leaders and birth attendants), who in turn reached 40,000 families. Two Child Protection in Emergencies trainings have been delivered, reaching about 70 governmental and civil society stakeholders, to better support children’s protection needs.
2015 Planned Results: In 2015, the humanitarian situation in Burundi will be potentially impacted by the national elections that will take place in the summer. Previous elections in the last decade resulted in political violence and internal displacement; on this basis, the office is preparing for the elections and potential IDPs. The country will also continue to be affected by other emergency situations including cholera, measles outbreaks, and food and nutrition insecurity linked to drought. Existing groups of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and irregular migrants will need additional protection and material assistance. UNICEF is planning on reaching 50,000 affected people through WASH, Health, Nutrition and protection, and humanitarian support. UNICEF is also planning on providing 10,000 children affected by emergencies with psychosocial support through community-based childcare centres and children’s corners. The risk of an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Burundi is determined by its geographical situation (neighboring with DRC) and weak health sector capacities. To support the national governmental Ebola response action plan, UNICEF will ensure a preparedness plan that includes a supply of diagnostic and response kits, introduction of a “free to end user” EVD hotline, communication plans, and training to health care agents in diagnostics and response to EVD.
2014 Results: UNICEF Burundi appealed for US$3,000,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in 2014, and as of mid-November a total of US$1,589,650 (51 per cent) was available against the total appeal (of which US$47,654, or 1.6 per cent, represents carry-forward funding from 2013). In 2014, UNICEF and partners provided humanitarian assistance to more than 20,000 Burundians affected by floods in Bujumbura. UNICEF and partners also provided WASH, health, nutrition and child protection support to 45,000 Burundians (60 per cent children) seen as illegal immigrants, expelled from Tanzania. UNICEF managed to exceed targets through existing contingency stocks and a multi-sectoral standby agreement with the Burundian Red Cross. UNICEF helped deliver WASH services, and non-food items benefitting people in 4 camps for IDPs and 3 transit sites. UNICEF provided tents, classroom equipment, and learning materials to more than 18,240 school-aged children, including 6,500 returnee children now integrated into the national education system. Approximately 16,627 children under 5, suffering from SAM (more than 50 per cent girls), were treated by UNICEF-supported community-based nutrition programmes. Since July 2014, and in addition to the responses to emergencies, UNICEF focused on preparing for the upcoming 2015 elections and Ebola contingency planning. UNICEF trained The Burundian Red Cross on "Do no harm" and conflict sensitivity in humanitarian responses. Multi-sectoral contingency stock has been reestablished and a child protection coordination mechanism is now in place in Tanzania, DRC, Rwanda and Burundi. UNICEF also provided training to national medical personnel at central and provincial levels on Ebola preparedness, and a free hotline and a temporary isolation center will be ready to be operationalized if necessary by January 2015. After a rapid assessment, new identification of needs and a higher number of illegal immigrants expelled by Tanzania were registered.
2015 Planned Results: With 91 per cent of its 21 million people living on under US$2 per day, Madagascar is one of the world’s poorest countries. It is emerging from a prolonged political crisis accompanied by socioeconomic decline and deterioration of social services, exacerbating household vulnerabilities to shocks. Madagascar is highly exposed to climate change hazards and extremely vulnerable to natural disasters. The country is subject to recurring droughts, floods, and locust plagues, and ranks fifth among countries most threatened by cyclones, yet its level of preparedness to manage disasters is limited. UNICEF will engage partners at central and decentralized levels to manage the significant risk of natural disasters and mitigate their impact on vulnerable communities by: (a) maintaining a threshold of pre-positioned Non Food Items to rapidly provide relief to 30,000 impacted people; (b) strengthening community resilience to environmental shocks in two regions though nutrition, WASH and health interventions; (c) developing an innovative disaster reconnaissance-by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) programme; (d) extending a pilot SMS emergency impact/needs assessment system; (e) strengthening national and regional contingency planning and ensuring adoption by stakeholders; (f) developing the reach of early warning systems through innovative partnerships with civil society and the private sector; and (g) funding emergency communication campaigns to educate at-risk populations on threats.
2014 Results: UNICEF Madagascar had appealed for US$4,636,440 to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in 2014. As of mid-November a total of US$515,737 (or 11 per cent) was available against the total appeal (of which US$14,187, or 0.3 per cent, represents carry-forward funding from 2013). UNICEF Madagascar Country Office focused on strengthening the capacities of disaster response authorities at the national and regional levels and on building the resilience of communities to external shocks in vulnerable regions. With donor support in addition to regular resources, UNICEF implemented a multi-sectoral approach to strengthen nutrition, WASH and health interventions in four regions of the Great South. This included community-led interventions to improve sanitation and hygiene practices for 160,000 people, screening over 400,000 children for malnutrition, and vaccinating over 200,000 pregnant women and children under one. As part of the “Strengthened Humanitarian Preparedness in High Risk Countries” joint UNICEF and WFP project, UNICEF was also able to invest US$500,000 in strengthening the capacity of the National Office for Disaster and Risk Management, as well as strengthening its regional committees and partners through technical assistance. In addition, UNICEF support went to the organization of the country’s first multi-region emergency response simulation, and a pilot cash transfer in emergencies programme, all in coordination with WFP. UNICEF field-based staff were heavily involved in the implementation of all the above-mentioned initiatives and received special training on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and emergency response during the year.
2015 Planned Results: On 12 January 2015, the Government of Mozambique activated the institutional red alert for the northern Zambezia and Nampula provinces amid heavy rains and flooding. Preliminary estimates indicate the flooding has affected almost 120,000 people in Zambezia province alone with more than 50,000 people displaced in 50 accommodation centres. UNICEF is working with the government and partners to implement the national Multi-sector Response Plan and provide displaced populations and host communities with support to mitigate the risk of disease outbreaks. UNICEF is deploying WASH supplies to provide more than 50,000 flood-affected people with access to safe water and sanitation facilities in accommodation centres, and through household water treatment or rehabilitation and repair of water points. In addition, the distribution of emergency nutritional supplies has commenced with an aim to reach 8,000 children with nutritional supplements. With government and partners, UNICEF will support 20,000 children under 5 with access to adequate health services in accommodation centres and reach 5,000 families with children under 5 in affected provinces with key life-saving messages, including infant and young child feeding, malaria prevention, hand washing, hygiene and child protection and care practices. Approximately 5,000 children affected by emergencies will be provided with psychosocial support through community-based child care centres and children’s corners. With school starting in early February and almost 400 classrooms destroyed, there is an urgent need to plan for a scaled-up response in the education sector. To this end, UNICEF will be supporting 20,000 flood affected school children with education supplies. With the rainy season continuing until March, the scale of the emergency is likely to increase further. As such, funds are needed to replenish prepositioned stocks.
2014 Results: In 2014, Zambézia and Nampula provinces were also affected by localized floods, which did not require UNICEF to appeal for humanitarian funding. These floods affected 18,555 families, with more than 18,000 houses totally or partially destroyed. Three hundred and twenty-nine schools were affected, impacting over 25,000 children who were temporarily deprived of schooling. The Government took the lead in responding, and UNICEF provided support in Zambézia and Nampula provinces, reaching 19,443 and 3,209 children respectively. In Zambézia, UNICEF provided tents for temporary accommodation to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and children. UNICEF also provided technical support to the Government in the development of the National Contingency Plan for 2014–2015. As sector lead for nutrition, education, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), UNICEF contributed with the pre-positioning of key emergency supplies.
2015 Planned Results: Agreements with implementing partners for disaster risk management will be ongoing in 2015. One key result for 2015 is to have household water treatment and storage supplies pre-positioned in regions most likely to be affected by floods and/or drought. This will enable 70 per cent of the total population in the five most affected northern regions (680,000) to have access to safe water and 10 per cent of the same population, or 68,000 people, to practice handwashing with soap through a project cooperation agreement with the Namibian Red Cross Society (NRCS). It is expected that the capacity-building strategy will continue with an emphasis on training all 14 regional disaster risk management units from the Directorate of Disaster Risk Management in areas such as infant feeding in emergencies, and hygiene and sanitation behavioural practices. A second key result expected for 2015 is a functioning Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System to inform policy and programme response, which is being jointly developed by the Directorate for Disaster Risk Management and Ministry of Health and Social Services with support from WFP and UNICEF.
2014 Results: As of mid-November a total US$562,225 (16 per cent) was available against the total 2014 appeal (of which US$562,225, or 100 per cent, represents carry-forward funding from 2013). UNICEF Namibia also leveraged other financial resources to support the achievement of humanitarian results, primarily through the supplementary budget grant received as funding for resilience programming. Though no additional humanitarian funding was received in 2014, grants from 2013, which expired between October and December 2014, were utilized to ensure the continuation of programmes. In addition, OCHA and IOM supported the provision of emergency supplies through UNICEF Namibia for the Cholera Outbreak Response in 2014. A total of 109,000 children in the 6-59 month age group were screened for malnutrition with 5,356 moderately malnourished and 607 severely malnourished children detected and referred. Through the Namibian Red Cross Society, drought-related WASH and nutrition activities were implemented in 2014 in 7 out of 14 regions, focusing on improving access to safe water through household water treatment and storage, provision of water harvesting and storage facilities for schools, and increasing the detection of children under 5 years with malnutrition. UNICEF Namibia provided technical support to implement the National Drought Response Plan as well as Cholera Outbreak Emergency in Kunene and Khomas regions. Procurement of essential supplies such as cholera kits, water tanks, household water purification sachets, Oral Rehydration Solution, and IEC materials contributed to the control of Cholera outbreak in mid-2014. A total of 246,574 people benefited from emergency supplies provided to increase access to safe and clean water, and hygiene practices.
2015 Planned Results: The Government of Swaziland, as the primary duty bearer of the rights of women and children within its jurisdiction, has strengthened the National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA). Discussions between NDMA and the UN team in Swaziland point to areas for improvement in conducting multi-sector Emergency Preparedness Response (EPR) simulation exercises. UNICEF will work closely with the Ministry of Education EPR team to build the capacity of a pool of 50 staff in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). UNICEF will support its partners on the activation and implementation of Education in Emergencies (EIE), given the recurrent impact of hailstorms on schools, as well as on seasonal diarrhea outbreaks and other diseases. UNICEF will also support the establishment of a well-coordinated mechanism for rapid assessment, and EPR training for schools and health settings. Results from the pilot implementation will be presented to the Government for possible scale-up. Advocacy support will go to increasing the use of rapid SMS technology in schools to report cases of man-made (violence) and natural disasters (storms); as well as to the development of child friendly Information, Education, Communication (IEC) material on EPR. Identifying and training champions for EPR amongst policy makers will be explored as well as child-sensitive budgeting for children facing emergencies. In addition, UNICEF will support training of media on human rights-sensitive reporting around hazards and disaster.
2014 Results: UNICEF Swaziland had appealed for US$450,000 to meet the humanitarian needs of children and women in 2014. As of 31 December 2014 US$0 (0 per cent) had been received. However, the country office spent some of its own budget – approximately US$55,000 – on emergency- and DRR-preparedness. UNICEF support went directly to key areas such as Education, Health – including Nutrition, and WASH, and aimed to complement government efforts mobilized through the National Disaster Management Agency. UNICEF worked with UNHCR to support the rehabilitation of a WASH system at Malindza Refugees Center that provides safer drinking water to 1,197 people. Furthermore UNICEF established an Early Childhood Development Centre in the camp that benefited 43 children. UNICEF and WHO provided technical and financial support to the Ministry of Health (MoH), including through training of health care workers, to deliver emergency health services to approximately 5,000 reported cases of Rotavirus diarrhea. UNICEF participated in the assessment and the procurement of ORT corners equipment for 72 health facilities. UN’s high-level advocacy resulted in a joint visit by the MoH, UNICEF, WHO, and faith-based and traditional healers organizations to affected communities, resulting in synchronized messages urging mothers to rush all children with diarrhoea symptoms to the nearest health facility. UNICEF provided technical support which led to the finalization of disaster-related policies and plans. UNICEF continued to convene the WASH Forum, Education sector group, Violence surveillance group, and Health in line with the Core Commitments to Children (CCC).
UNICEF is requesting US$15,785,000 to address the identified humanitarian needs within the region. Of this, US$4,094,000 will ensure that ESARO support is provided to ESAR countries through technical support and coordination in the identified sector, including resilience-building and social protection. This funding may be used to prepare for and respond to situations in the region that are not included in a separate chapter of the Humanitarian Action for Children 2015 and may not benefit from other interagency flash appeals to respond to small- or medium-scale emergencies. US$11,691,000 is sought to respond to humanitarian programmes in Angola, Burundi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland.
Country-specific funding requirements
Regional office funding requirements
1 UNHCR, 21 November 2014.