Democratic Republic of the Congo
Updated January 2014
2014 Requirements: US$125,945,000
In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition are treated
cholera-affected persons are provided with a water, sanitation and hygiene package
survivors of sexual violence are provided with a comprehensive response
Total affected population: 33,200,000 (HAP 2014)
Total affected children (under 18): 13,612,000
Total people to be reached in 2014: 8,215,600
Total children to be reached in 2014: 6,848,600
The security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains extremely volatile. While one of the principal armed groups in eastern DRC, the Mouvement du 23-Mars (M23), has been defeated, conflict with multiple other armed actors throughout the region continues to provoke mass displacement. There are an estimated 2.7 million internally displaced persons in DRC, an increase of 35 per cent from the same period of the previous year.1 In the last quarter of 2013 alone, unanticipated levels of armed conflict in parts of Province Orientale led to the new displacement of over 100,000 people, while clashes along the border with Uganda led to the movements of another 55,000.2 Also in 2013, 40,000 refugees fleeing the Central African Republic arrived in DRC.3 At the same time, anticipated returns to stabilized areas of North Kivu and parts of Katanga are likely to generate additional humanitarian needs. Much of the conflict in the east, including in Katanga, remains characterized by high levels of violence against children and women. Sexual and gender-based violence is widespread, as is recruitment of children into armed forces and groups. Health threats, including malnutrition and epidemics, continue to endanger the lives of Congolese children. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affected an estimated two million children under 5 in 2013.4 Measles outbreaks were reported in all 11 provinces, with epidemics in 60 out of 515 health zones (83,450 cases and 1,332 deaths).5 In addition, 23,011 cholera cases and 390 deaths were reported in 2013, accounting for 77 per cent of all cholera cases in West and Central Africa during the same period.6
2014 programme targets
- 300,000 children under 5 with SAM are treated
- 5.5 million children in humanitarian situations vaccinated against measles
- 538,700 conflict-affected persons receive the minimum package of primary health care
- 1,500,000 cholera-affected persons are provided with WASH package
- 550,000 conflict and natural disaster-affected persons assisted with WASH
- 3,700 children associated with armed forces and groups are released and benefit from temporary care
- 10,000 survivors of sexual violence provided with a comprehensive response
- 200,000 girls and boys (aged 5 to 11 years) affected by conflict or natural disasters are given access to quality education and psychosocial activities
Non-food items (NFI)
- 800,000 people access essential household and personal goods and shelter materials
Of these, the RRMP programme will cover 669,800 in non-food items, 582,000 in WASH, 98,000 in education and 238,700 in health.
In 2014, UNICEF will continue to deliver water and sanitation, health services, emergency education, and non-food items to children and families affected by conflict through the Rapid Response to Population Movements (RRMP) programme, which will also conduct almost 500 multi-sectorial assessments on behalf of the humanitarian community. UNICEF will continue to lead four clusters: water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education, nutrition and non-food items/shelter, as well as the Child Protection Working Group within the protection cluster. UNICEF will also increase efforts to strengthen the preparedness and response capacity of the Ministry of Humanitarian and Social Affairs, as well as health and education authorities. Measles vaccination campaigns will be expanded, and care for severely malnourished children will continue to be prioritized through a combined government/UNICEF presence in all 11 targeted provinces that will coordinate and supervise. An additional priority will be to prepare for and respond to cholera in a way that strengthens community resilience and reduces the likelihood of future outbreaks. UNICEF and its protection partners will continue to provide comprehensive care7 for children associated with armed forces and groups, as well as for survivors of sexual and gender-based violence. UNICEF will also continue to facilitate protection of displaced children in safe spaces and reunification with their families following separation.
Results from 2013
UNICEF appealed for US$134,560,000 for 2013, and as of 31 October 2013, US$84,335,763, or 63 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. These resources produced significant results in certain sectors. As the cholera situation in the country deteriorated, UNICEF mobilized additional resources and met 151 per cent of the target for emergency WASH response. By October, over 1,900 separated and unaccompanied minors were cared for and reunited with their families and over 8,200 survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (including over 2,700 children) were provided with comprehensive care. As the situation in eastern DRC worsened, generous donor support allowed the RRMP to scale up and reach over 1,220,000 beneficiaries. Low funding levels for the nutrition response, however, left over one third of targeted children untreated, and there was no funding to implement WASH assistance for malnourished children and their families. Emergency education results for the cluster were also disappointingly low due to lack of funds. Other constraints on UNICEF and partner humanitarian action included an extremely volatile security environment in the eastern provinces and parts of Katanga, and limited physical access to some areas, which slowed or prevented response and raised costs.
Results through 31 October 2013 unless noted.
In line with the country’s inter-agency 2014 Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF requires US$125,945,000 to achieve results for Congolese children affected by armed conflict, forced displacement, epidemic disease and acute malnutrition.
1 As of August 2013, reported by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
2 Reported by OCHA, 2013.
4 Based on a total population of 14,175,000 children under 5 in DRC and using a 2.6 incidence rate.
5 As of epidemiological week 45, reported by the DRC Ministry of Health, 19 November 2013
6 United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Cholera outbreak in the West and Central Africa: Weekly Update’ (week 45), 2013.
7 Including demobilization, transitory care, family tracing and reunification and community-based reintegration.
8 As of the end of September 2013.
9 It was not possible to identify a baseline and target number of children for this activity, as those in need of catch-up can only be identified after the emergency occurs.
10 As of 23 November 2013.