Map of Chad
UNICEF photo:  © UNICEF Chad/2013

Chad

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
126,000

children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months affected by severe acute malnutrition are admitted for treatment

2 million

children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months are vaccinated against measles

100,000

pregnant women have access to HIV and AIDS screening services and prevention of mother-to-child transmission services

2014 Requirements: US$62,500,000

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Chad is currently facing simultaneous acute emergencies that are stretching response capacities. Children in Chad face risks of malnutrition, recurrent disease epidemics and outbreaks, cyclical floods, drought and displacement. The situation is exacerbated by political instability in neighboring countries, which has resulted in 450,000 refugees, 90,000 internally displaced persons and 270,000 returnees in Chad, all of whom need access to protection, education, nutrition, health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services.1 Since January 2014, more than 106,600 people have fled the war in CAR into Chad; among them 56,300 including 17,000 refugees have settled in the south of the country in temporary centers and camps2. With little rain and the long dry season there has been a significant impact on agricultural production, particularly in the Sahel belt. For 2014, it is estimated that more than 2.3 million people will experience food insecurity, with 1.2 million people at risk of extreme food insecurity. This situation may further compromise the nutritional status of vulnerable children.3 It is also estimated that in 2014, more than 500,000 children under 5 will be affected by acute malnutrition in the Sahel belt of Chad.4 Particularly in regions affected by food insecurity and displacement, women and children are in addition vulnerable to exploitation. They are often the victims of gender-based violence and are in dire need of psycho-social support, assistance to access protective services and quality education.

Humanitarian strategy

Snapshot

Total affected population: 5.5 million
Total affected children: 2.2 million

Total people to be reached in 2014: 2.7 million
Total children to be reached in 2014: 2.1 million

UNICEF is working with the Government of Chad to support preparedness and response efforts for the more than 5.5 million people affected by various crises including 106,000 displaced people from CAR who are in need of immediate assistance. Working with partners, UNICEF is supporting the scale-up of life-saving child survival, education, and social protection interventions.

2014 Revised Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 126,000 children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM are admitted for treatment
  • 2 million children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months who receive multiple micronutrient supplementation

Health

  • 2 million children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months vaccinated against measles
  • 150,000 children under 5 affected by malaria in humanitarian situations are treated

WASH

  • 126,000 people in humanitarian situations access WASH in nutrition package
  • 1,000,000 people in humanitarian situations with appropriate hygiene practices
  • 100,000 conflict affected people have access to potable water

Child protection

  • 30,000 children in humanitarian situations with SAM accessing psychosocial services
  • 70,000 school-aged children in conflict areas accessing mine risk education
  • 5,000 children and women accessing quality multi-sectoral GBV care and support services

Education

  • 50,000 children in humanitarian situations have continued access to formal and non-formal education

HIV and AIDS

  • 100,000 pregnant women have access to HIV and AIDS screening services and prevention of mother-to-child transmission services
  • 60 children infected with HIV have access to ART

More than 500,000 malnourished children and women will be provided with integrated nutrition and health services, and 700,000 refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees will be provided with protection, health, WASH, HIV/AIDS and education services. In the South of Chad, UNICEF is providing lifesaving interventions to more than 56,000 displaced people living in transit/temporary centers. In the Sahel belt, UNICEF will monitor child protection risks generated by food insecurity. In regions affected by crises, UNICEF will foster a protective environment for girls and boys through education, including early childhood development interventions. For education, UNICEF will promote the child-friendly school approach as an entry point for peace-building programming and conflict and disaster risk reduction. To prevent the spread of water-borne diseases, such as cholera, UNICEF is building community partnerships to promote safe hygiene practices and other essential family practices. UNICEF will work with partners to assess child vulnerability and continue to strengthen government and community response capacity by fostering communities’ resilience to cyclical and predictable shocks. UNICEF will enhance its readiness to provide adequate life-saving interventions by building strong partnership and coordination mechanisms through cluster leadership roles for WASH, Nutrition, Education and Child Protection.

Results from 2014 (January to June)

UNICEF appealed for US$64.3 million for 2013, and as of the end of October 2013, US$17,763,162, or 28 per cent of requirements, had been received in contributions. In 2013, UNICEF and partner response focused on delivering programmes while building capacity at the local level. UNICEF supported the Government to treat 122,000 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 503 health facilities. Through the construction of 127 boreholes, access to potable water increased from 44 per cent to 60 per cent in the Sahel belt. In areas hosting newly arrived refugees and returnees, access to potable water increased from 2 per cent to 34 per cent. UNICEF also provided critical life-saving interventions to 60,000 new refugees and returnees, including 6,700 pre-school and primary school-aged children who accessed schooling and psychosocial support. Immunization was provided to 475,000 children, including 88,000 children in border regions affected by conflicts. In 2013, the country did not register any cases of wild poliovirus type 1 or cholera. Due to lack of funding, however, UNICEF was unable to meet some targets in WASH, protection and HIV and AIDS.

 

Funding requirements

Based on the country’s inter-agency Humanitarian Needs Overview and 2014 Strategic Response Plan,5 UNICEF is requesting 62,500,000 US$ to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Chad in 2014, of which $19 million are required in order to respond to the CAR crisis affected population including refugees, host communities, and returnees. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to support the integrated response to the country’s continuing nutrition crisis, provide sustainable basic social services to refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees, and adequately respond to epidemic outbreaks.

1 Displacement figures as reported in the 2014 Chad consolidated appeals process and Humanitarian Needs Overview.
2 IOM June 2014 SitRep
3 Reported in the 2014 Chad consolidated appeals process and Humanitarian Needs Overview.
4 Chad Ministry of Health, ‘SMART survey projections’, August 2013.
5 Requirements for Sahel countries are provisional as the Strategic Response Plans were under development at time of publication.