UNICEF is requesting US$62 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in Chad in 2015.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children receive Vitamin A supplementation and deworming
conflict-affected people have access to potable water and basic sanitation facilities
unaccompanied and separated children have access to family tracing and reunification services
2015 Requirements: US$62,227,000
Total affected population: 5 million
Total affected children: 2.2 million
Total people to be reached in 2015: 2.7 million
Total children to be reached in 2015: 2 million (3.6 million with vitamin-A and deworming)
Through 2015, children in Chad have been affected by malnutrition, food insecurity, violence, displacement, drought and epidemics. The recent Boko Haram attacks in Nigeria and Chad have resulted in the massive displacement of refugees, Chadian returnees from Nigeria and Niger, as well as internal displacement of as many as 52,000 Chadians. Since mid-July 2015, with the Boko Haram attacks and the preventive evacuation of civilians by the Chadian Army, the humanitarian situation has worsened, with current estimates of around 75,000 displaced people (refugees, Chadian returnees, and internally displaced persons), exposed to multiple displacements, family separation and psycho-social distress. According to the World Food Programme, 2.5 million people in Chad are now severely food insecure. Overall, Chad continues to provide refuge to 427,000 refugees and to 244,000 Chadian returnees from Sudan, Central African Republic, Nigeria and Libya, all of whom are in need of protection, education, nutrition, health, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. A slight decrease in these numbers is largely due to the closure of certain sites and an active effort by the Government and its partners to facilitate the integration of people into host communities. As of June 2015, 12 health districts in eastern Chad declared measles epidemics, reporting over 1,200 confirmed cases and 22 deaths and 242,574 cases of malaria which resulted in 358 deaths. In the cholera-prone areas (the South and Lake Chad), the risk of epidemics is now compounded by sometimes precarious displacement situations. So far, annual rains have not caused major flooding but, based on rainfall forecasts, flooding is still highly feasible in parts of the Centre and the East of the country particularly towards September, whilst forecasts predict that the rest of the country will suffer from rain shortfalls.
Humanitarian Strategy (July to December 2015)
Revised 2015 Programme Targets
- 154,400 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM are admitted for treatment
- 2,000,000 children in humanitarian situations aged 6 to 59 months vaccinated against measles
- 3,600,000 children receive Vitamin A supplementation and deworming
- 95,548 children and families affected by malnutrition receive a lifesaving package of WASH and nutrition services
- 500,000 people in humanitarian situations reached with messages about appropriate hygiene practices
- 100,000 conflict-affected people have access to potable water and basic sanitation facilities
- 2,000 unaccompanied and separated children have access to family tracing and reunification services
- 15,000 children affected by conflict have access to psychosocial support in child-friendly places
- 50,000 school-aged children in conflict areas receive mine risk education
- 100,000 primary school-aged children in humanitarian situations have access to education
HIV and AIDS
- 56,500 pregnant women have access to HIV and AIDS screening services and prevention of mother-to-child transmission services
- 80 per cent of pregnant women who test HIV-positive receive ART to reduce mother-to-child transmission
UNICEF and other humanitarian actors are supporting government efforts at reintegration of returnees and refugees in the South and the East of the country. Immediate and longer-term solutions include the improvement of access to basic services for displaced and local populations. On the other hand, adopting a mobile approach for life-saving interventions, such as WASH, health and nutrition, has been essential for the waves of newly displaced people resulting from Boko Haram’s violence in the Lake Chad region. With increasing numbers of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), UNICEF and partners will treat 154,400 SAM-affected children during the remainder of the year. UNICEF is the sole provider of ready-to-use-therapeutic foods and other essential nutrition supplies. To improve the health status of children, UNICEF and government health teams will provide Vitamin A supplementation and deworming to 3.6 million children. With the continued risk of epidemics, the vaccination of 2 million children against measles and maintaining capacity for emergency vaccination remain priorities. Furthermore, providing access for screening and treatment for HIV and AIDS remains highly relevant among displaced youth and mothers in the Lake region, where there are signs of high HIV prevalence. Overall, 100,000 conflict-affected people will be provided with access to safe drinking water and with emergency sanitation, and 500,000 people affected by crises will be sensitized on good hygiene practices. UNICEF will support the Government in the development of the cholera prevention strategy and workplan with the Ministry of Health. UNICEF aims to provide access to education for 100,000 displaced children and from host communities while fostering a protective environment for girls and boys in accessing education and psychosocial support, and enabling family reunification efforts. A multi-sectoral approach will be promoted as an entry point for conflict-sensitive programming, peacebuilding and mine-risk education (50,000 children). UNICEF continues to strongly support coordination by leading the WASH, nutrition and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster at both central and decentralised levels.
Results to date (1 January to 30 June 2015)
Between 1 January and 30 June 2015, UNICEF and partners delivered emergency assistance in a challenging context, of a funding shortage and increasing need, particularly in the Sahel Belt and around Lake Chad, as a result of the violence linked to Boko Haram. UNICEF and its partners treated 86,622 children with SAM in 496 health facilities, and nearly 8,000 children benefitted from WASH in Nutrition. The nutrition cluster has revised the SAM annual caseload from 95,500 to 154,400, in response to 86,622 children with SAM being treated in the first half of the year. Almost 500,000 children under five were vaccinated against measles (using regular thematic funds), 71,000 people affected by displacement obtained access to drinking water and over 314,000 were reached with hygiene promotion messages. In addition, over 32,000 school-aged children accessed quality education in temporary learning spaces and catch-up classes. Nigerian refugee children accessed formal schooling for the first time. So far this year, 7,361 people were reached with mine risk awareness messages, and teachers were trained to integrate mine risk education, which will start in the next school year, to reach 50,000 children and their families. Almost 3,450 children in refugee and returnee sites benefitted from recreational activities and psychosocial support through child-friendly spaces, and the 968 separated and unaccompanied children identified were provided with support and family tracing services.
Based on Chad’s revised 2015 inter-agency Humanitarian Needs Overview and Strategic Response Plan, UNICEF is requesting US$$62.2 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children in 2015. Without additional funding, UNICEF will not have the capacity to support the integrated humanitarian response to the country’s continuing nutrition crisis, provide sustainable basic social services to refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees, and adequately respond to epidemic outbreaks and natural disasters.