Map of Angola
UNICEF photo: Children on their way to fetch water, Huila province. © UNICEF Angola/2013/Bonucci Children on their way to fetch water, Huila province.

Angola

In 2014, UNICEF and partners plan for:
421,000

children under 5 years screened for acute malnutrition receive vitamin A and deworming tablets

88,000

people in humanitarian situations access water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene

34,000

families with children under 5 receive guidance on appropriate life-saving practices in infant and young children feeding, hand washing, hygiene and child protection and care practices

2014 Requirements: US$5,000,000

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Snapshot

Total affected population: 1,126,000
Total affected children: 619,300

Total people to be reached in 2014: 517,800
Total children to be reached in 2014: 421,000

The aftermath of the severe drought that hit Angola beginning in 2012 continues to impact the country’s southern provinces. Of the 1.1 million people affected, 63 per cent are located in Cunene and Huila provinces, where production losses of cereals and legumes have been nearly 90 per cent, with slight improvement in 2014. The Government of Angola launched a Multi-sector Response Plan in 2013 to respond to the drought, with funding requirements between US$150 million and US$350 million.1 Implementation has been slow, however, due to lack of government coordination at central and provincial levels. Potable water continues to be a grave concern, primarily in Cunene, Namibe and parts of Huila provinces, and as a result, people continue to use unclean water for consumption and cooking. In some areas, people and animals are forced to share the same untreated stagnant water which causes diarrhoea and other water-borne diseases. Drought, limited potable water, and increased food insecurity have also had a significant impact on the population’s health and nutrition, particularly for children under 5 years, and has led to increased cross-border population movements, which raises child protection concerns.

Humanitarian strategy

2014 Revised Programme Targets

Nutrition

  • 421,000 children under 5 screened for acute malnutrition in Cunene and Huila
  • 37,000 children with SAM treated through community-based management of acute malnutrition programme
  • 35,000 children with MAM received counselling on key caring practices

Health

  • 421,000 children under 5 screened for acute malnutrition receive vitamin A and deworming tablets
  • 33,300 children under 5 admitted with SAM receive measles vaccination

WASH

  • 88,000 people in humanitarian situations access safe water including the 8,000 children admitted for SAM treatment in health centres;
  • 80,000 people in humanitarian situations exposed to safe hygiene practices

Child protection

  • 2 provincial emergency response plans have child protection interventions integrated

Communication for development

  • 34,000 families with children under 5 with appropriate life-saving practices in infant and young children feeding, hand washing, hygiene and child protection and care practices

UNICEF is working with the Government of Angola and partners in implementing the national Multi-sector Response Plan in the affected provinces of Cunene and Huila, with a focus on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health and nutrition, including HIV testing for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and child protection. In WASH, UNICEF is working with the Provincial Directorate of Water and partners to support the drilling and maintenance of wells, supporting household water treatment, implementing sanitation programmes, developing a hygiene education communication strategy and WASH materials during drought, and strengthening WASH coordination. In nutrition, UNICEF is supporting critical life-saving nutrition interventions for the integrated management of acute malnutrition, providing vitamin A supplementation, facilitating the administration of deworming tablets, and promoting infant and young child feeding practices. In health, UNICEF is supporting community-based management of childhood diseases, and measles vaccination campaigns. UNICEF will continue to work with the Ministry of Assistance and Social Reintegration (MINARS) to strengthen national capacity on child protection in emergencies, including strengthening data collection related to child protection risks and advocating for the integration of child protection elements into provincial emergency contingency plans.

Results 2014 (January to June)

From January to June 2014, UNICEF supported the Government of Angola in its scale-up of integrated management of acute malnutrition, including through the opening of 4 new inpatient and 97 new outpatient therapeutic programme centres in Huila and Cunene provinces, treating 11,758 children with SAM. Information materials on drinking water treatment and safe storage at inpatient and outpatient centres was provided, as was the provision of soap for hand washing in health and nutrition centres. Over 444 health staff and 229 community mobilizers were trained to deliver key WASH messages, and 30,000 people benefitted from the review and updating of water point rehabilitation and trough construction of water supply solar systems, carried out in partnership with the Provincial Directorates of Water from Huila and Cunene respectively. Over 40,000 people have been exposed to community-led total sanitation (CLTS) methodologies and key messages, delivered in partnership with local government and NGOs. Scale up of CLTS is planned in 5 additional municipalities with a view to providing an opportunity for poor communities to improve access to sanitation and hygiene practices and reduce vulnerability to cholera outbreaks.2 Child Protection C4D materials were elaborated, and will reach families, communities and service providers, targeting prevention and response to child labour, negligence and violence against children. UNICEF continues to coordinate with key government, UN, and NGO stakeholders to ensure an efficient and coordinated response.

Funding requirements

UNICEF is appealing for US$5 million to respond to critical humanitarian needs in Angola. As of 30 June 2014, US$ 1.46 million (or 29 per cent) of the appeal has been funded. The Government of Angola is leading and partially funding the response, but humanitarian needs remain, in particular in remote and hard-to-reach areas. Additional funding is needed to enable UNICEF to support the national response, including by improving the monitoring of and reporting on the crisis in all affected areas, strengthening WASH interventions due to the critical water shortages and expanding interventions in other sectors, including child protection.

 


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1 United Nations Office of the Resident Coordinator, Drought Report, September 2013. According to the National Civil Protection Commission, only US$10 million was released through the end of July 2013. However, there is no information on how these funds were allocated due to lack of transparency and definition of priorities, which makes the planning and the coordination with humanitarian partners’ interventions challenging. In 2014 the government continues to support the affected communities through the provincial government, without a common tracking and reporting systems. Humanitarian partners including UNICEF continue supporting the Government to strengthen monitoring systems.
2 In 2013, Cunene province recorded 3,847 cholera cases and 133 cholera-related deaths; Huíla province recorded 926 cholera cases and 23 cholera-related deaths.
3 WASH targets reduced because water availability for both human and livestock consumption has improved as a result of the rains that fell from February to end of May (FEWSNET). Therefore, funding requirements also reduced from US$3 million to US$2 million.