Children in Albania

Situation of Children

Child Nutrition

Early Childhood Development

Education

Protection

Access to Justice

 

Situation of Children

Albania, with a population of 2,831,741million inhabitants, has one of the youngest populations in Europe; the number of children aged 0-19 years is about 1,000,000. Albania has been, and continues to be, engaged in the improvement of standards for the protection and respect of basic human rights.

Albania is an upper-middle-income country in southeastern Europe, whose trajectory and scope of socio-economic transformation in the past 20 years have been among the most impressive in the region.

Albania’s aspiration to obtain the status of EU candidate country has not yet materialised; a number of “unfinished agenda” items featured prominently in the European Commission’s country progress analysis reports in the past two years – such as the need for nation-wide political consensus, better governance, stronger rule of law, and observance of human rights standards.

Many children enjoy the advantages of economic growth, including access to educational, medical and recreational facilities. Too many, however, are denied such essentials due to economic disparities, gender inequality, and differences between rural and urban areas. Ethnic minorities, especially the Roma population, continue to be the poorest and have benefited the least from the country’s economic growth.

The approved laws have not made much difference to the status of women and children and little will change as long as the attitudes and behaviors toward women and children in the society remain as they are.

Main Threats to Albanian children:

  • Growing disparities;
  • Social exclusion and discrimination;
  • Violence, abuse exploitation and neglect;
  • Domestic violence;
  • Lack of access to quality services (health and education);
  • Malnutrition.


UNICEF Focus

The UNICEF program helps governments revise key laws taking into account children's needs and European Union requirements. UNICEF is using every opportunity to highlight existing social misbalances and to call for more accountability from those officially in charge, through:

  • Lobbying for effective policies to benefit children;
  • Supporting innovative programs to care for and protect children;
  • Ensuring that the voices of children and young people are heard;
  • Taking a human rights-based approach to our work with and for children;
  • Inquiring:

 

 
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