Programming for children in humanitarian, emergency and post-crisis contexts
When a humanitarian or emergency situation occurs, the UNICEF country office is responsible for the organization’s first level of response, while the regional office and headquarters provide support in accordance with the severity of the situation. The response is guided by the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action (CCCs). The CCC sector-specific programme is designed to support elements of humanitarian reform, in particular through a wider inter-agency cluster approach. The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) global clusters are meant to ensure a more coherent and effective response at country level by mobilizing groups of agencies and NGOs to respond strategically across key sectors. Within the global cluster system, UNICEF works with CSOs in child-related areas such as water, sanitation and hygiene; nutrition; education; child protection; and gender-based violence.
In a crisis or post-conflict situation, a post-conflict needs assessment or other analysis may be carried out at various levels and phases of the development cooperation process and programme cycle. This analysis typically includes a situation analysis that identifies significant threats and risks faced by children and women, their root causes and the capacity of those with the duty and responsibility to address them. The participation of children, adolescents and community groups should be integral to this process.
Following the initial response to a humanitarian or emergency situation, the country programme continues to serve as the framework for carrying out programming and support at the country level, with modifications made to reflect the new context.
For more information on partnering for children in emergencies, visit the Humanitarian Action Report 2010